熟词生义1~750

1.black

①very dirty; covered with dirt.

  • 很脏的;布满污垢的:

chimneys black with smoke

②full of anger or hatred

  • 愤怒的;仇恨的:

She shot her a black look.

③without hope; very depressing

  • 无希望的;令人沮丧的:

The future looks pretty black.

④(literary) evil or immoral

  • 邪恶的;不道德的:

black deeds / lies

 

2.pure

①complete and total

完全的;纯粹的:

They met by pure chance.

②[only before noun] concerned with increasing knowledge of the subject rather than with using knowledge in practical ways

  • 纯理论的;非应用的:

technology as opposed to pure science subjects

 

3.lazy

①(disapproving) showing a lack of effort or care

  • 没下工夫的;粗枝大叶的;马虎的:

a lazy piece of work

②(literary) moving slowly

  • 行进缓慢的;慢吞吞的

the lazy river

 

4.front

①the front [sing.] (BrE) the road or area of land along the edge of the sea, a lake or a river.

  • 海滨;湖畔;河边;沿海(或湖、河)道路:

Couples walked hand in hand along the front.

②a particular area of activity

  • 活动领域;阵线:

Progress has been made on all fronts.

③[sing.] behaviour that is not genuine, done in order to hide your true feelings or opinions

  • 表面;外表:

It’s not always easy to put on a brave front for the family.

④ [C, usually sing.] ~ (for sth) a person or an organization that is used to hide an illegal or secret activity

  • 非法(或秘密)活动掩护者:

The travel company is just a front for drug trafficking.

⑤Front [sing.] used in the names of some political organizations

  • (用于政治组织的名称)阵线:

the Animal Liberation Front

⑥[C] the line where a mass of cold air meets a mass of warm air

  • (冷暖空气团接触的)锋:

a cold / warm front

 

5.preserve

①an activity, a job, an interest, etc. that is thought to be suitable for one particular person or group of people

  • (某人或群体活动、工作等的)专门领域:

Football is no longer the preserve of men.

②[C, usually pl., U] a type of jam made by boiling fruit with a large amount of sugar

  • 果酱

③[C, usually pl., U] (especially BrE) a type of pickle made by cooking vegetables with salt or vinegar

  • 腌菜;泡菜

an area of private land or water where animals and fish are kept for people to hunt

  • 私人渔猎场(或保留地)

 

6.place

①[VN] (usually used in negative sentences通常用于否定句) to recognize sb / sth and be able to identify them / it

  • 认出;辨认;识别:

I’ve seen her before but I just can’t place her.

②[VN] ~ sb (in sth) | ~ sb (with sb / sth) to find a suitable home, job, etc. for sb

  • 安置家庭(或工作等):

The children were placed with foster parents.

③used to describe a person, a team or a horse, etc. finishing in a particular position in a race

  • 排名;获名次

He was placed fifth in last Saturday’s race.

 

7.issue

①(law 律) children of your own

  • 子女;后嗣:

He died without issue.

 

8.shout

①[verb](AustralE, NZE) to buy drinks or food for sb in a bar, restaurant, etc.

  • (在酒吧、餐厅等)请人喝饮料(或吃东西):

I’ll shout—what are you drinking?

②[noun](BrE, informal) a person’s turn to buy drinks

  • 轮到某人请客(喝饮料):

What are you drinking? It’s my shout.

 

9.miserable

①[only before noun] (disapproving) (of a person 人) always unhappy, bad-tempered and unfriendly

  • 乖戾的;脾气严峻【SYN】 grumpy :

He was a miserable old devil.

②too small in quantity

  • 太少的;少得可怜的【SYN】 paltry :

How can anyone live on such a miserable wage?

 

10.knot

①a small group of people standing close together

  • 一小群人

②a tight, hard feeling in the stomach, throat, etc. caused by nerves, anger, etc.

  • (由紧张、恼怒等引起的胃、喉等的)痉挛,郁结,哽咽,哽塞:

My stomach was in knots.

③a unit for measuring the speed of boats and aircraft; one nautical mile per hour

  • 节(船和飞行器的速度计量单位,每小时一海里)

 

11.forget

①[VN] ~ yourself to behave in a way that is not socially acceptable

  • (举止)不得体:

I’m forgetting myself. I haven’t offered you a drink yet!

 

12.corrupt

①(of behaviour行为) dishonest or immoral

  • 不诚实的;不道德的:

The whole system is inefficient and corrupt.

②(computing 计) containing changes or faults, and no longer in the original state

  • 已变换的;有缺陷的;有错误的:

The text on the disk seems to be corrupt.

 

13.host

①[C] ~ of sb / sth a large number of people or things

  • 许多;大量:

host of possibilities

②[verb]to store a website on a computer connected to the Internet, usually in return for payment

  • (通常收费在与互联网连接的计算机上)存贮网站:

a company that builds and hosts e-commerce sites

 

14.depress

①[VN] to make trade, business, etc. less active

  • 使萧条;使不景气:

The recession has depressed the housing market.

②[VN] (formal) to press or push sth down, especially part of a machine

  • 按,压,推下(尤指机器部件):

to depress the clutch pedal (= when driving).

 

15.implication

①[U] ~ (of sb) (in sth) the fact of being involved, or of involving sb, in sth, especially a crime

  • (被)牵连,牵涉【SYN】involvement :

He resigned after his implication in a sex scandal.

 

16.spare

①thin, and usually quite tall

  • 瘦的;瘦高的

 

17.bear

①not ~ sth / doing sth to not be suitable for sth

  • 不适于某事(或做某事):

The joke doesn’t bear repeating (= because it is not funny or may offend people).

②~ sth (against / towards sb) | ~ sb sth to have a feeling, especially a negative feeling

  • 心怀(感情,尤指坏心情):

He bears no resentment towards them.

③[VN] (formal) to show sth; to carry sth so that it can be seen

  • 显示;带有:

The document bore her signature.

④(formal) to have a particular name

  • 有某个名称:

a family that bore an ancient and honoured name

⑤[VN] ~ yourself well, etc. (formal) to move, behave or act in a particular way

  • 举止;表现:

He bears himself (= stands, walks, etc.) proudly, like a soldier.

⑥(formal) to give birth to a child

  • 生孩子:

She was not able to bear children.

⑦[VN] (formal) to produce flowers or fruit

  • 开(花);结(果实)

⑧[V] ~ (to the) left, north, etc. to go or turn in the direction mentioned

  • 转向(左或北等):

When you get to the fork in the road, bear right.

 

18.cover

①~ sb / sth (against / for sth) to protect sb against loss, injury, etc. by insurance

  • 给…保险:

Are you fully covered for fire and theft?

②[VN] ~ yourself (against sth) to take action in order to protect yourself against being blamed for sth

  • 采取行动(以使自己免遭责备):

One reason doctors take temperatures is to cover themselves against negligence claims.

③[VN] to aim a gun at a place or person so that nobody can escape or shoot

  • 用枪瞄准(以致无人可逃跑或开枪):

The police covered the exits to the building.

④[VN] to record a new version of a song that was originally recorded by another band or singer

  • 翻唱(原来由另一乐队或歌手演唱的歌曲):

They’ve covered an old Rolling Stones number.

 

19.heat

①[U] strong feelings, especially of anger or excitement

  • 强烈感情;(尤指)愤怒,激动:

In the heat of the moment she forgot what she wanted to say (= because she was so angry or excited).

②pressure on sb to do or achieve sth

  • 压力;逼迫:

The heat is on now that the election is only a week away.

③[C] one of a series of races or competitions, the winners of which then compete against each other in the next part of the competition

  • 预赛;分组赛:

a qualifying heat

 

20.sweep

①[V +adv. / prep.] to move quickly and / or smoothly, especially in a way that impresses or is intended to impress other people

  • 步态轻盈地走;大模大样地走:

Without another word she swept out of the room.

 

  1. copy

①written material that is to be printed in a newspaper, magazine, etc.; news or information that can be used in a newspaper article or advertisement

  • (报刊等的)稿件;(可用于报纸文章或广告的)消息,信息:

The subeditors prepare the reporters’ copy for the paper and write the headlines.

 

  1. wild

①full of very strong feeling

  • 感情炽烈的:

wild laughter

②not carefully planned; not sensible or accurate

  • 盲目的;瞎抓的:

He made a wild guess at the answer.

③~ about sb / sth (informal) very enthusiastic about sb / sth

  • 热衷于…;狂热:

She’s totally wild about him.

④affected by storms and strong winds

  • 狂暴的;暴风雨的【SYN】 stormy :

a wild night

 

  1. sunset

①[C] a fixed period of time after which a law or the effect of a law will end

  • (法律的)自动废止期,效力消减期:

There is a five-year sunset on the new tax.

 

  1. movement

①[C] any of the main parts that a long piece of music is divided into

  • 乐章:

the slow movement of the First Concerto

 

  1. joy

①[U] (BrE, informal) (in questions and negative sentences用于疑问句和否定句) success or satisfaction

  • 成功;满意;满足:

We complained about our rooms but got no joy from the manager.

 

  1. minus

①making sth seem negative and less attractive or good

  • 负面的;使显得有欠缺的:

What are the car’s minus points (= the disadvantages) ?

On the minus side, rented property is expensive and difficult to find.

 

  1. report

①(BrE) (NAmE re’port card) a written statement about a student’s work at school, college, etc.

  • 成绩报告单:

to get a good / bad report

②the sound of an explosion or of a gun being fired

  • 爆炸声;射击声【SYN】 bang , blast :

a loud report

 

  1. punch

①[U] the power to interest people

  • 吸引力:

It’s a well-constructed crime story, told with speed and punch.

 

  1. keep

①[U] food, clothes and all the other things that a person needs to live; the cost of these things

  • 生活必需品;生活费用:

It’s about time you got a job to earn your keep.

②[C] a large strong tower, built as part of an old castle

  • 城堡主楼

 

  1. express

①[VN] ~ itself (formal) (of a feeling) to become obvious in a particular way

  • 显而易见;不言自明:

Their pleasure expressed itself in a burst of applause.

②[VN] to remove air or liquid from sth by pressing it

  • 压榨,挤压出(空气或液体):

Coconut milk is expressed from grated coconuts.

 

 

31.tip

①[N](BrE) a place where you can take rubbish / garbage and leave it

  • 垃圾场;垃圾堆

②(BrE) to leave rubbish / garbage somewhere outdoors in order to get rid of it

  • (在户外)倒垃圾:

‘No tipping.’ (= for example, on a notice)

③~ sb / sth (as / for sth) to say in advance that sb / sth will be successful

  • 预言…获胜;事先说…会成功:

The band is being tipped for the top.

④[VN] [usually passive] ~ sth (with sth) to cover the end or edge of sth with a colour, a substance, etc.

  • (用颜色、物质等)覆盖…的末端,遮盖…的边:

The wings are tipped with yellow.

 

  1. murder

①to spoil sth because you do not do it very well

  • 糟蹋;毁坏;弄坏【SYN】 butcher :

Critics accused him of murdering the English language (= writing or speaking it very badly).

 

  1. bounce

①[VN] ~ ideas (off sb)/(around) to tell sb your ideas in order to find out what they think about them

  • (向某人)透露主意(以试探其反应):

He bounced ideas off colleagues everywhere he went.

②[U, C] the energy that a person has

  • 活力;精力:

All her old bounce was back.

 

  1. forward

①(technical 术语) in or towards the front part of a ship or plane

  • 在(或向)船头;在(或向)机首:

The main cabin is situated forward of (= in front of) the mast.

②behaving towards sb in a manner which is too confident or too informal

  • 鲁莽的;冒失的;无礼的:

I hope you don’t think I’m being too forward.

  1. original

①(formal) a person who thinks, behaves, dresses, etc. in an unusual way

  • (思想、行为、衣着等)不同寻常的人,独特的人,怪人

 

  1. cast

Verb:

①[VN] when a snake casts its skin, the skin comes off as part of a natural process

  • (蛇)蜕(皮)【SYN】 shed

②[VN] if a horse casts a shoe, the shoe comes off by accident

  • 踢落

③[VN] ~ sb (as sth) | ~ sb (in sth) to describe or present sb in a particular way

  • 把某人描写成;把某人表现为:

He cast himself as the innocent victim of a hate campaign.

④[VN] ~ a / your vote / ballot (for sb / sth) to vote for sb / sth

  • 投票

⑤[VN] ~ sth (in sth) to shape hot liquid metal, etc. by pouring it into a hollow container (called a mould )

  • 浇铸;铸造:

a statue cast in bronze

Noun:

⑥[C] an object that is made by pouring hot liquid metal, etc. into a mould (= a specially shaped container)

  • 铸件;铸造品

⑦[C] a shaped container used to make an object

  • 模子;铸模【SYN】 mould

⑧[sing.] (BrE, formal) the way that a person or thing is or appears

  • 特性;特征;外表;外貌:

He has an unusual cast of mind.

 

  1. tear

①[VN] to injure a muscle, etc. by stretching it too much

  • 拉伤;拽伤:

a torn ligament

②[V +adv. / prep.] to move somewhere very quickly or in an excited way

  • 飞跑;狂奔;疾驰:

He tore off down the street.

③[noun]a hole that has been made in sth by tearing

  • 破洞;裂口;裂缝:

This sheet has a tear in it.

 

  1. stiff

①thick and almost solid; difficult to stir

  • 稠的;难搅动的:

Whisk the egg whites until stiff.

②more difficult or severe than usual

  • 困难的;艰难的;严厉的;激烈的:

It was a stiff climb to the top of the hill.

③(of a person or their behaviour 人或其行为) not friendly or relaxed

  • 不友好的;生硬的:

The speech he made to welcome them was stiff and formal

④[only before noun] strong; containing a lot of alcohol

  • 烈性的;酒精度数高的:

 

  1. focus

①[C] (geology 地) the point at which an earthquake starts to happen

  • (地震的)震源

 

  1. cap

Noun:

①an upper limit on an amount of money that can be spent or borrowed by a particular institution or in a particular situation

  • (可用或可借资金的)最高限额:

The government has placed a cap on local council spending.

②a small paper container with explosive powder inside it, used especially in toy guns

  • (玩具枪的)火药帽,火药纸

Verb:

③[often passive] (especially BrE) to limit the amount of money that can be charged for sth or spent on sth

  • 限额收取(或支出):

a capped mortgage

④(especially BrE) to say or do sth that is funnier, more impressive, etc. than sth that has been said or done before

  • 胜过;超过;比…更…:

What an amazing story. Can anyone cap that?

⑤[usually passive] to put an artificial covering on a tooth to make it look more attractive

  • 包(牙):

He’s had his front teeth capped.

⑥[usually passive] (BrE) to choose sb to play in their country’s national team for a particular sport

  • 选入(某项体育运动的国家队):

He has been capped more than 30 times for Wales.

 

41.throw

verb

①[VN +adv. / prep.] [usually passive] to make sb / sth be in a particular state

  • 使处于,使陷入(某种状态):

The problem was suddenly thrown into sharp focus.

②[VN] (informal) to make sb feel upset, confused, or surprised

  • 使心烦意乱;使困惑;使惊奇:

The news of her death really threw me.

③[VN] (technical 术语) to make a clay pot, dish, etc.

  • (在陶钧上)把…拉制成坯:

a hand-thrown vase

④[VN] to send light or shade onto sth

  • 照射(光线);投射(阴影):

The trees threw long shadows across the lawn.

④[VN] ~ your voice to make your voice sound as if it is coming from another person or place

  • 使变音;使嗓音听起来像来自他人(或他处)【SYN】 project

⑤[VN] ~ a punch to hit sb with your fist

  • 挥拳猛击;出拳

⑥[VN] to move a switch, handle, etc. to operate sth

  • 按动,扳动,推动(开关、操作杆等)

⑦[VN] to have a sudden period of bad-tempered behaviour, violent emotion, etc.

  • 突然发作(脾气等):

Children often throw tantrums at this age.

⑧[VN] ~ a party (informal) to give a party

  • 举行聚会

⑧[VN] (informal) to deliberately lose a game or contest that you should have won

  • 故意输掉(本应获胜的比赛或竞赛):

He was accused of having thrown the game.

Noun:

⑨the distance which sth is thrown

  • 投掷的距离:

a javelin throw of 57 metres

⑩a loose cloth cover that can be thrown over a sofa , etc.

  • (沙发等的)套,罩

 

42.application

①[C, U] an act of putting or spreading sth, such as paint or medical creams, onto sth else

  • 涂抹;敷用;施用:

lotion for external application only (= to be put on the skin, not swallowed)

②[U] (formal) determination to work hard at sth; great effort

  • 勤奋;努力:

Success as a writer demands great application.

 

43.short

Adj:

①~ of breath having difficulty breathing, for example because of illness

  • (呼吸)短促,困难;(气)急

②[not before noun] ~ (with sb) (of a person人) speaking to sb using few words in a way that seems rude

  • 简单粗暴;简慢无礼:

I’m sorry I was short with you earlier—I had other things on my mind.

Adv:

③not as far as you need or expect

  • 未达到;不及:

All too often you pitch the ball short.

③before the time expected or arranged; before the natural time

  • 中间(打断);过早地(终止):

a career tragically cut short by illness

 

44.opening

①[C] a job that is available

  • 空缺的职位【SYN】 vacancy :

There are several openings in the sales department

②[C] a good opportunity for sb

  • 良机:

Winning the competition was the opening she needed for her career.

 

45.grey

①without interest or variety; making you feel sad

  • 单调乏味的;忧郁的;沉闷的:

Life seems grey and pointless without him.

②(disapproving) not interesting or attractive

  • 没趣味的;毫无吸引力的:

The company was full of faceless grey men who all looked the same.

③[only before noun] connected with old people

  • 老年人的:

the grey vote

④[Noun][C] a grey or white horse

  • 灰马;白马:

She’s riding the grey.

 

46.easily

①~ the best, nicest, etc. without doubt; definitely

  • 无疑;肯定:

It’s easily the best play I’ve seen this year.

②very probably; very likely

  • 很可能;多半:

Are you sure you locked the gate? You could easily have forgotten.

 

47.rock

①(BrE) [U] a type of hard sweet / candy made in long sticks, often sold in places where people go on holiday / vacation by the sea / ocean

  • 棒棒糖:

②[C, usually pl.] (NAmE, informal) a precious stone , especially a diamond

  • 宝石;(尤指)钻石

③[C, usually sing.] a person who is emotionally strong and who you can rely on

  • 可信赖的人;靠山:

He is my rock.

④[Verb] (slang) sth rocks used to say that sth is very good

  • 很好;棒极了:

Her new movie rocks!

 

48.port

①(also port ‘wine) [U] a strong sweet wine, usually dark red, that is made in Portugal. It is usually drunk at the end of a meal.

  • 波尔图葡萄酒(葡萄牙产)

②[U] the side of a ship or aircraft that is on the left when you are facing forward

  • (船、飞机等的)左舷:

the port side

③[C] (computing 计) a place on a computer where you can attach another piece of equipment, often using a cable

  • (输出或输入)端口;出入埠:

the modem port

④verb [VN] (computing计) to copy software from one system or machine to another

  • 移植(软件)

 

49.attend

①[V] ~ (to sb / sth) (formal) to pay attention to what sb is saying or to what you are doing

  • 注意;专心:

She hadn’t been attending during the lesson.

②[VN] (formal) to happen at the same time as sth

  • 伴随发生:

She dislikes the loss of privacy that attends TV celebrity.

 

50.presume

①[V to inf] (formal) to behave in a way that shows a lack of respect by doing sth that you have no right to do

  • 妄行;越权行事:

I wouldn’t presume to tell you how to run your own business.

 


 

51.agent

①(formal) a person or thing that has an important effect on a situation

  • 原动力,动因(指对事态起重要作用的人、事物):

The charity has been an agent for social change.

②(technical 术语) a chemical or a substance that produces an effect or a change or is used for a particular purpose

  • (化学)剂:

cleaning / oxidizing agents

③ = secret agent :

an enemy agent

 

 

 

52.action

①[C, U] a legal process to stop a person or company from doing sth, or to make them pay for a mistake, etc.

  • 诉讼;起诉:

A libel action is being brought against the magazine that published the article.

②[U] fighting in a battle or war

  • 战斗

soldiers killed in action

③[U] the events in a story, play, etc.

  • (故事、戏剧等中的)情节:

The action takes place in France.

④[U] exciting events

  • 激动人心的事:

New York is where the action is.

⑤[U, C] (technical 术语) the way a part of the body moves or functions

  • (身体部位的)动作,功能:

a study of the action of the liver

 

 

53.exact

①[adj](of people 人) very accurate and careful about details

  • 严谨的;严格的;一丝不苟的

②If something exacts a high price, it has a bad effect on a person or situation.

  • 对…有害;使…付出代价

The strain of a violent ground campaign will exact a toll on troops.

③If someone exacts revenge on a person, they have their revenge on them.

  • 实施,施加(报复)

She uses the media to help her exact a terrible revenge.

 

54.sit

①[V] ~ in / on / for sth | ~ as sth to have an official position as sth or as a member of sth

  • (在…中)任职;任(…的)代表;担任:

He was sitting as a temporary judge.

②[V] (of a parliament, committee, court of law, etc. 议会、委员会、法庭等) to meet in order to do official business

  • 开会;开庭:

Parliament sits for less than one months of the year.

③(BrE, rather formal) to do an exam

  • 参加考试;应试:

Candidates will sit the examinations in June.

④[V] ~ (for sb) = babysit :

  • 照看小孩

Who’s sitting for you?

 

55.develop

①[VN] to make an idea, a story, etc. clearer by explaining it further

  • 详尽阐述;阐明【SYN】 elaborate on :

She develops the theme more fully in her later books.

②[VN] to treat film which has been used to take photographs with chemicals so that the pictures can be seen

  • 使(胶卷)显影;显像;冲洗(胶片):

I had the film developed yesterday.

③If a piece of equipment develops a fault, it starts to have the fault.

  • 发生(故障等)

The aircraft made an unscheduled landing after developing an electrical fault.

 

56.percentage

①[C, usually sing.] a share of the profits of sth

  • 利润的分成;提成:

He gets a percentage for every car sold.

 

57.tight

①difficult to manage with because there is not enough

  • 紧的;拮据的;不宽裕的:

We have a very tight budget.

②looking or sounding anxious, upset, angry, etc.

  • 显得紧张的;忐忑不安的;生气的:

‘I’m sorry,’ she said, with a tight smile.

③feeling painful or uncomfortable because of illness or emotion

  • (由于疾病或情感)疼痛的,不适的,憋气的【SYN】 constricted :

He complained of having a tight chest.

④having a close relationship with sb else or with other people

  • 亲密的;紧密的;密切的:

It was a tight community and newcomers were not welcome.

⑤curving suddenly rather than gradually

  • 急转的;陡的:

The driver slowed down at a tight bend in the road.

⑥with runners, teams, etc. that seem to be equally good

  • 势均力敌的;不相上下的;旗鼓相当的【SYN】 close :

a tight race

⑦(informal, disapproving) not wanting to spend much money; not generous

  • 小气的;吝啬的;不大方的【SYN】 mean :

He’s very tight with his money.

⑧[not usually before noun] (old-fashioned, informal) drunk

  • 喝醉;醉醺醺【SYN】 tipsy

⑧(in compounds 构成复合词) not allowing the substance mentioned to enter

  • 不漏…的;不透…的;防…的:

measures to make your home weathertight

 

58.select

①(of a society, club, place, etc. 社团、俱乐部、地方等) used by people who have a lot of money or a high social position

  • 有钱、有社会地位的人使用的【SYN】 exclusive :

They live in a very select area.

②[only before noun] carefully chosen as the best out of a larger group of people or things

  • 精选的;作为…精华的;优等的:

Only a select few (= a small number of people) have been invited to the wedding.

 

59.fashion

①~ A (from / out of B) | ~ B (into A) to make or shape sth, especially with your hands

  • (尤指用手工)制作,使成形,塑造:

She fashioned a pot from the clay.

 

60.connect

①[V] (especially NAmE) ~ (with sb / sth) (informal) to hit sb / sth

  • 打(某人);击中(某物):

The blow connected and she felt a surge of pain.

②[V] ~ (with sb) (especially NAmE) to form a good relationship with sb so that you like and understand each other

  • (与某人)建立良好关系,沟通:

They met a couple of times but they didn’t really connect.

 

61.animal

①[noun]a particular type of person, thing, organization, etc.

  • 某类型的人(或事物、机构等):

She’s not a political animal.

②[adj]relating to the physical needs and basic feelings of people

  • 肉体的;肉欲的;情欲的:

animal magnetism (= a quality in sb that other people find attractive, usually in a sexual way)

 

62.animate

①[usually passive] to make models, toys, etc. seem to move in a film / movie by rapidly showing slightly different pictures of them in a series, one after another

  • 把…制作成动画片

 

63.incidence

[U] (physics 物) the way in which light meets a surface

  • 入射(角):

the angle of incidence

 

64.strike

Verb:

①~ sb (as sth) to give sb a particular impression

  • 给(某人以…)印象;让(某人)觉得

She strikes me as a very efficient person.

It strikes me that nobody is really in favour of the changes.

②[VN] to fall on a surface

  • 照在…上;照射:

The windows sparkled as the sun struck the glass.

③[VN-ADJ] [usually passive] to put sb suddenly into a particular state

  • 顿时使处于某状态:

to be struck dumb / deaf / blind

④[VN] to produce a musical note, sound, etc. by pressing a key or hitting sth

  • 弹奏;奏响;发出(声音):

to strike a chord on the piano

⑤[VN] to discover gold, oil, etc. by digging or drilling

  • 开采出;钻探到:

They had struck oil!

⑤[V +adv. / prep.] ~ (off / out) to go somewhere with great energy or purpose

  • 行进;加劲走:

We left the road and struck off across the fields.

⑥[V] ~ (for sth) to refuse to work as a protest

  • 罢工:

The union has voted to strike for a pay increase of 6%.

⑦to rub sth such as a match against a surface so that it produces a flame; to produce a flame when rubbed against a rough surface

  • 擦,划(火柴);击出(火星):

to strike a match on a wall

⑧to show the time by making a ringing noise, etc.

  • 敲;鸣;报时【SYN】 chime :

Did you hear the clock strike?

Noun:

⑨[usually sing.] a sudden discovery of sth valuable, especially oil

  • (珍贵东西的)意外发现;(尤指石油的)发现

⑩(NAmE) ~ (against sb / sth) a bad thing or action that damages sb / sth’s reputation

  • (有损声誉的)不利因素,打击:

The amount of fuel that this car uses is a big strike against it.

 

65.cheap

①unpleasant or unkind and rather obvious

  • 令人讨厌的;明显不友好的;不和善的:

I was tired of his cheap jokes at my expense.

②(disapproving) having a low status and therefore not deserving respect

  • 卑微的;卑贱的;可鄙的:

His treatment of her made her feel cheap (= ashamed, because she had              lost her respect for herself).

③(NAmE) (BrE mean) (informal, disapproving) not liking to spend money

  • 小气的;抠门儿的:

Don’t be so cheap!

 

66.catholic

①(formal) including many or most things

  • 包罗万象的;广泛的:

to have catholic tastes (= to like many different things)

 

67.electric

①full of excitement; making people excited

  • 充满刺激的;令人激动的【SYN】 electrifying :

The atmosphere was electric

 

68.handle

①[VN] to buy or sell sth

  • 买;卖【SYN】 deal in :

They were arrested for handling stolen goods.

 

69.liquid

①(literary) clear, like water

  • 清澈的;明亮的;晶莹的【SYN】 limpid :

liquid blue eyes

②(literary) (of sounds 声音) clear, pure and flowing

  • 清脆的;清纯的;流畅的:

the liquid song of a blackbird

 

70.ghost

①[sing.] ~ of sth a very slight amount of sth that is left behind or that you are not sure really exists

  • 隐约的一点点;(某物残留的)一丝,一点:

There was a ghost of a smile on his face.

②[sing.] a second image on a television screen that is not as clear as the first, caused by a fault

  • (电视屏幕上的)重影

③[V ] (literary) to move without making a sound

  • 悄悄地行进:

They ghosted up the smooth waters of the river.

④=ghostwrite

  • 代人写作;为人捉刀;代写

 

71.capability

①the power or weapons that a country has for war or for military action

  • (国家的)军事力量,军事武器:

Britain’s nuclear / military capability

 

72.capacity

①[C, usually sing.] the official position or function that sb has

  • 职位;职责【SYN】 role :

We are simply involved in an advisory capacity on the project.

 

73.capture

①~ sb’s attention / imagination / interest to make sb interested in sth

  • 引起(注意、想像、兴趣):

They use puppets to capture the imagination of younger audiences.

②to succeed in accurately expressing a feeling, an atmosphere, etc. in a picture, piece of writing, film / movie, etc.

  • (用图画、文章、电影等准确地)表达,刻画,描述【SYN】 catch :

The article captured the mood of the nation.

③[often passive] ~ sb / sth on film / tape / canvas, etc. to film / record / paint, etc. sb / sth

  • 拍摄;录制;绘制:

The attack was captured on film by security cameras.

④to put sth into a computer in a form it can use

  • 把…输入计算机;采集

 

74.receive

①If someone receives stolen goods, they buy or are given things that have been stolen.

  • 购买,窝藏(赃物)

He went to prison for receiving stolen scrap iron…

 

75.receiver

①(also of7ficial re’ceiver) (law 律) a person who is chosen by a court to be in charge of a company that is bankrupt

  • (破产公司的)财产管理人,官方接管人:

to call in the receivers

 

76.principal

[usually sing.] (finance 财) an amount of money that you lend to sb or invest to earn interest

  • 本金;资本

the person who has the most important part in a play, an opera , etc.

  • 主要演员;主角

(technical 术语) a person that you are representing, especially in business or law

  • (尤指商务或法律事务的)当事人,委托人

 

77.casual

①[usually before noun] (BrE) not permanent; not done, or doing sth regularly

  • 临时的;不定期的:

Students sometimes do casual work in the tourist trade.

②[usually before noun] without deep affection

  • 感情不深的;疏远的:

a casual acquaintance

④[only before noun] happening by chance; doing sth by chance

  • 偶然的;碰巧的:

a casual encounter / meeting

 

78.call

①[VN] to order sth to happen; to announce that sth will happen

  • 下令举行;宣布进行:

to call a meeting / an election / a strike

②to say which side of a coin you think will face upwards after it is thrown

  • 抛硬币说正反面:

to call heads / tails

Noun:

③[sing.] ~ (of sth) (literary) a strong feeling of attraction that a particular place has for you

  • (某地的)吸引力,诱惑力:

the call of the sea / your homeland

④[C] (informal) a decision

  • 决定:

That’s a tough call.

⑤[C] a decision made by the umpire

  • (裁判员的)判决:

There was a disputed call in the second set.

 

79.serve

①[VN] ~ sth (on sb) | ~ sb with sth (law 律) to give or send sb an official document, especially one that orders them to appear in court

  • 把…送达;向(某人)送交:

to serve a writ / summons on sb

②(in tennis , etc. 网球等) to start playing by throwing the ball into the air and hitting it

  • 发(球):

She served an ace.

 

80.fall

①[V] ~ (away / off) to slope downwards

  • 向下倾斜:

The land falls away sharply towards the river.

②[V] to be defeated or captured

  • 被打败;沦陷;失守:

The coup failed but the government fell shortly afterwards

③[V] (literary) to die in battle; to be shot

  • 阵亡;被击毙:

a memorial to those who fell in the two world wars

 

81.proceeding

①proceedings [pl.] the official written report of a meeting, etc.

  • (会议等的)正式记录;公报

 

82.excess

①[C, usually sing.] (BrE) (NAmE de∙duct∙ible) the part of an insurance claim that a person has to pay while the insurance company pays the rest

  • 免赔额;自负额:

There is an excess of £100 on each claim under this policy.

②excesses [pl.] extreme behaviour that is unacceptable, illegal or immoral

  • 放肆行为;越轨行为:

We need a free press to curb government excesses.

 

83.concession

①[C, usually pl.] (BrE) a reduction in an amount of money that has to be paid; a ticket that is sold at a reduced price to a particular group of people

  • 减价;(对某类人的)减价票:

tax concessions

②[C] a right or an advantage that is given to a group of people, an organization, etc., especially by a government or an employer

  • (尤指由政府或雇主给予的)特许权,优惠:

The Bolivian government has granted logging concessions covering 22 million hectares.

③[C] the right to sell sth in a particular place; the place where you sell it, sometimes an area which is part of a larger building or store

  • (在某地的)特许经营权;(有时为大型建筑物或商场中的)销售场地,摊位:

the burger concessions at the stadium

 

84.concern

Noun:

①[C] something that is important to a person, an organization, etc.

  • (对人、组织等)重要的事情:

The government’s primary concern is to reduce crime

②[C, usually sing.] (formal) something that is your responsibility or that you have a right to know about

  • (某人)负责的事,有权知道的事:

This matter is their concern.

③[C] a company or business

  • 公司;商行;企业

a major publishing concern

Verb:

④[VN to inf] be concerned to do sth (formal) to think it is important to do sth

  • 认为(做某事)重要:

She was concerned to write about situations that everybody could identify with.

⑤[VN] ~ yourself with / about sth to take an interest in sth

  • (对…)感兴趣:

He didn’t concern himself with the details.

 

85.claim

①[VN] to get or take sb’s attention

  • 引起注意:

A most unwelcome event claimed his attention.

②[VN] to gain, win or achieve sth

  • 获得;赢得;取得:

She has finally claimed a place on the team.

③[VN] (of a disaster, an accident, etc. 灾难、事故等) to cause sb’s death

  • 夺走,夺去(生命):

The car crash claimed seven lives.

④Noun.[C, U] ~ (on / to sth) a right that sb believes they have to sth, especially property, land, etc.

  • (尤指对财产、土地等要求拥有的)所有权:

They had no claim on the land.

 

86.exclusive

①[adj]of a high quality and expensive and therefore not often bought or used by most people

  • 高档的;豪华的;高级的:

an exclusive hotel

②[Noun] an item of news or a story about famous people that is published in only one newspaper or magazine

  • 独家新闻;独家专文;独家报道

 

87.recorder

①a musical instrument in the shape of a pipe that you blow into, with holes that you cover with your fingers

  • 竖笛;直笛

②a judge in a court in some parts of Britain and the US

  • (英国和美国某些地区的)刑事法院法官,法官

③a person who keeps a record of events or facts

  • 记录员;书记员

 

88.cordial

①(BrE) [U, C] a sweet drink that does not contain alcohol, made from fruit juice. It is drunk with water added.

  • (不含酒精、加水饮用的)甜果汁饮料:

②[U, C] (NAmE) = liqueur(BrE): a strong sweet alcoholic drink, sometimes flavoured with fruit. It is usually drunk in very small glasses after a meal.

  • (通常餐后少量饮用的)烈性甜酒

 

89.create

②to give sb a particular rank or title

  • 授予;册封:

He was created a baronet in 1715.

 

90.creation

②(often Creation) [U] the world and all the living things in it

  • 世界;天地万物

 

91.flood

①to affect sb suddenly and strongly

  • 使大受感动;充满

Memories of her childhood came flooding back.

②to spread suddenly into sth; to cover sth

  • 照进;覆盖

She drew the curtains and the sunlight flooded in.

③[Noun][C] ~ (of sth) a very large number of things or people that appear at the same time

  • 大批,大量(的人或事物):

The child was in floods of tears (= crying a lot).

 

92.associate

①[verb][VN] ~ yourself with sth (formal) to show that you support or agree with sth

  • 表明支持;表示同意:

May I associate myself with the Prime Minister’s remarks? (= I agree with them)

②[adj](often in titles 常用于头衔) of a lower rank, having fewer rights in a particular profession or organization

  • 非正式的;准的;副的:

associate membership of the European Union

Noun:

③a person that you work with, do business with or spend a lot of time with

  • 同事;伙伴:

business associates

④(also Associate) an associate

  • 合伙人

⑤Associate (US) a person who has an Associate’s degree (= one that is given after completing two years of study at a junior college)

  • 准学士(获得两年制高校学位)

 

93.paper

①papers [pl.] official documents that prove your identity, give you permission to do sth, etc.

  • 证明;证件:

divorce / identification papers

②[C] (BrE) a set of exam questions on a particular subject; the answers that people write to the questions

  • 试卷;试题;答卷:

The Geography paper was hard.

③[C, U] paper that you use to cover and decorate the walls of a room

  • 壁纸:

The room was damp and the paper was peeling off.

 

94.sheet

①a wide flat area of sth, covering the surface of sth else

  • 一大片(覆盖物):

The road was covered with a sheet of ice.

②a large moving mass of fire or water

  • 一大片,一大堆,一大摊(移动的东西):

The rain was coming down in sheets (= very heavily).

③(technical 术语) a rope or chain fastened to the lower corner of a sail to hold it and to control the angle of the sail

  • 帆脚索;拉帆绳

 

95.motor

①(technical 术语) connected with movement of the body that is produced by muscles; connected with the nerves that control movement

  • 肌肉运动的;运动神经的:

Both motor and sensory functions are affected.

 

96.tell

①[V] ~ (on sb) to have an effect on sb / sth, especially a bad one

  • 产生效果,发生影响(尤指负面影响):

The strain was beginning to tell on the rescue team.

 

97.but

①a reason that sb gives for not doing sth or not agreeing

  • 藉口;推辞:

With so many ifs and buts, it is easier to wait and see.

 

98.extend

①[VN] [often passive] to make sb / sth use all their effort, abilities, supplies, etc.

  • 使竭尽全力:

Jim didn’t really have to extend himself in the exam.

②[VN] ~ sth to sb (formal) to offer or give sth to sb

  • 提供;给予:

③The bank refused to extend credit to them (= to lend them money).

. [V +adv. / prep.] to relate to or include sb / sth

  • 适用于;包括:

His willingness to help did not extend beyond making a few phone calls.

④[VN] to stretch part of your body, especially an arm or a leg, away from yourself

  • 伸展,舒展,展开(尤指手臂或腿):

He extended his hand to (= offered to shake hands with) the new employee.

 

99.gun

①[C] (informal, especially NAmE) a person who is paid to shoot sb

  • 受雇杀人的枪手:

a hired gun

②[V] (NAmE) (of an engine 发动机) to run very quickly

  • 快速运转:

a line of motorcycles with their engines gunning

③[VN +adv. / prep.] (NAmE) to start driving a vehicle very fast

  • 使(车辆)加速:

He gunned the cab through the red light.

 

100.function

①[C] a social event or official ceremony

  • 社交聚会;典礼;宴会:

The hall provided a venue for weddings and other functions

②[C] (mathematics 数) a quantity whose value depends on the varying values of others. In the statement 2x=y, y is a function of x.

  • 函数

(figurative) Salary is a function of age and experience.

③[C] (computing 计) a part of a program, etc. that performs a basic operation

  • 子程序;例程

 

101.cultivate

①(sometimes disapproving) to try to get sb’s friendship or support

  • 建立(友谊);结交(朋友);获得(支持):

He purposely tried to cultivate good relations with the press.

②to develop an attitude, a way of talking or behaving, etc.

  • 逐渐形成(某种态度、谈话或举止方式等):

She cultivated an air of sophistication

 

102.culture

①[U] (technical 术语) the growing of plants or breeding of particular animals in order to get a particular substance or crop from them

  • 种植;栽培;养殖;培育:

the culture of silkworms (= for silk)

②[C] (biology 生, medical 医) a group of cells or bacteria, especially one taken from a person or an animal and grown for medical or scientific study, or to produce food; the process of obtaining and growing these cells

  • 培养细胞;培养菌;(为医疗、科研或食品生产而作细胞或细菌的)培养:

Yogurt is made from active cultures.

③verb [VN](biology 生, medical 医) to grow a group of cells or bacteria for medical or scientific study

  • 培养(细胞或细菌)

 

103.occur

①to exist or be found somewhere

  • 存在于;出现在:

Sugar occurs naturally in fruit.

 

104.current

①the fact of particular ideas, opinions or feelings being present in a group of people

  • 思潮;潮流;趋向:

Ministers are worried by this current of anti-government feeling.

 

105.course

①[verb](literary) (of liquid 液体) to move or flow quickly

  • 快速地流动;奔流

Noun:

②[C, usually sing.] the general direction in which sb’s ideas or actions are moving

  • 方针;行动方向:

The president appears likely to change course on some key issues.

③(also course of action) [C] a way of acting in or dealing with a particular situation

  • 行动方式;处理方法:

There are various courses open to us.

④[C, usually sing.] the direction a river moves in

  • 江河流向:

The path follows the course of the river.

⑤[C] a continuous layer of bricks, stone, etc. in a wall

  • (砖、石等墙的)层:

A new damp-proof course could cost £1,000 or more.

106.cure

①to treat food or tobacco with smoke, salt, etc. in order to preserve it

  • (用熏、腌等方法)加工贮藏(食物或烟草)

②~ (for sth) something that will solve a problem, improve a bad situation, etc.

  • (解决问题、改善糟糕情况等的)措施,对策:

a cure for poverty

 

107.secure

①[VN] to legally agree to give sb property or goods that are worth the same amount as the money that you have borrowed from them, if you are unable to pay the money back

  • 抵押:

a loan secured on the house

②[VN] ~ sth (to sth) to attach or fasten sth firmly

  • 拴牢;扣紧;关严:

She secured the rope firmly to the back of the car.

 

108.critical

①involving making fair, careful judgements about the good and bad qualities of sb / sth

  • 有判断力的;判断公正(或审慎)的:

Students are encouraged to develop critical thinking instead of accepting opinions without questioning them.

②serious, uncertain and possibly dangerous

  • 严重的;不稳定的;可能有危险的:

The first 24 hours after the operation are the most critical.

③[only before noun] according to the judgement of critics of art, music, literature, etc.

  • 根据(艺术、音乐、文学等)评论家的评论:

the film director’s greatest critical success

 

109.security

①[U] protection against sth bad that might happen in the future

  • 担保;保证:

financial security

②[U, C] a valuable item, such as a house, that you agree to give to sb if you are unable to pay back the money that you have borrowed from them

  • 抵押品:

His home and business are being held as security for the loan.

③securities [pl.] (finance 财) documents proving that sb is the owner of shares, etc. in a particular company

  • 证券

 

110.procure

①to provide a prostitute for sb

  • 给…拉皮条:

He was accused of procuring under-age girls.

 

111.cycle

①a complete set or series, for example of movements in a machine

  • 整套,整个系列(如机器的运转):

the rinse cycle (= in a washing machine)

 

112.indicate

①[VN] [usually passive] (formal) to be necessary or recommended

  • 有必要;被建议:

A course of chemotherapy was indicated.

②(BrE) to show that your vehicle is going to change direction, by using lights or your arm

  • (用灯光或手臂)打行车转向信号【SYN】 signal :

Always indicate before moving into another lane.

③(of an instrument for measuring things 测量器具) to show a particular measurement

  • 显示(量度):

When the temperature gauge indicates 90°F or more, turn off the engine.

④to give information in writing

  • 写明;注出:

You are allowed 20kgs of baggage unless indicated otherwise on your ticket.

 

113.indicator

①(BrE) (NAmE ‘turn signal) (also informal blink∙er NAmE, BrE) a light on a vehicle that flashes to show that the vehicle is going to turn left or right

  • 转向灯;方向灯

 

114.dictate

①to control or influence how sth happens

  • 支配;摆布;决定【SYN】 determine :

When we take our vacations is very much dictated by Greg’s work schedule.

② ~ (sth) (to sb) to tell sb what to do, especially in an annoying way

  • (尤指以令人不快的方式)指使,强行规定:

They are in no position to dictate terms (= tell other people what to do).

③[noun](formal) an order or a rule that you must obey

  • 命令;规定:

to follow the dictates of fashion

 

115.doctrine

①Doctrine [C] (US) a statement of government policy

  • (政府政策的)正式声明:

Following World War II, the first U.S. commitment to Europe came in the form of the 1947 Truman Doctrine.

 

116.introduce

①~ sth (into sth) (formal) to put sth into sth

  • 将…放进;添入:

Particles of glass had been introduced into the baby food.

②to formally present a new law so that it can be discussed

  • 将(法案)提交讨论:

to introduce a bill (before Parliament)

③to be the main speaker in a television or radio show, who gives details about the show and who presents the people who are in it; to tell the audience the name of the person who is going to speak or perform

  • 主持(节目);介绍(讲演者或演员):

The next programme will be introduced by Mary David.

 

117.introduction

①[C] (music 音) a short section at the beginning of a piece of music

  • 前奏:

an eight-bar introduction

②[sing.] ~ (to sth) a person’s first experience of sth

  • 初次经历;首次体验:

This album was my first introduction to modern jazz.

 

118.introductory

①offered for a short time only, when a product is first on sale

  • (新产品)试销的:

This introductory offer is for seven days only.

②intended as an introduction to a subject or an activity for people who have never done it before

  • 入门的;初步的:

introductory courses / lectures

 

119.product

①(mathematics 数) a quantity obtained by multiplying one number by another

  • 乘积;积:

The product of 21 and 16 is 336.

 

120.productive

①~ of sth (formal) resulting in sth or causing sth

  • 引起;导致;唤起:

a play productive of the strongest emotions

 

121.reduce

①[VN , V] if you reduce a liquid or a liquid reduces, you boil it so that it becomes less in quantity

  • (使)蒸发

②[V] (NAmE, informal) to lose weight by limiting the amount and type of food that you eat

  • 减轻体重;节食:

a reducing plan

③[VN] (chemistry 化) to add one or more electrons to a substance or to remove oxygen from a substance

  • 使还原;去氧;脱氧

 

122.reduction

①[C] an amount of money by which sth is made cheaper

  • 减价;折扣:

There are reductions for children sharing a room with two adults.

②[C] a copy of a photograph, map, picture, etc. that is made smaller than the original one

  • (照片、地图、图片等的)缩图,缩版【OPP】 enlargement

③(chemistry 化) the fact of adding one or more electrons to a substance or of removing oxygen from a substance

  • 还原;去氧;脱氧

 

123.induction

①[U, C] the act of making a pregnant woman start to give birth, using artificial means such as a special drug

  • 催产;催生

②[U] (technical 术语) a method of discovering general rules and principles from particular facts and examples

  • 归纳法

③K[U] (physics 物) the process by which electricity or magnetism passes from one object to another without them touching

  • 电磁感应

 

124.equation

①[C, usually sing.] a problem or situation in which several things must be considered and dealt with

  • (多种因素的)平衡,综合体:

When children enter the equation, further tensions may arise within a marriage.

 

125.facility

①[sing., U] ~ (for sth) a natural ability to learn or do sth easily

  • (学习、做事的)天资,才能,天赋:

She has a facility for languages

②[C] a special feature of a machine, service, etc. that makes it possible to do sth extra

  • (机器等的)特别装置;(服务等的)特色:

a bank account with an overdraft facility

 

126.factor

①[U] (medical 医) a substance in the blood that helps the clotting process. There are several types of this substance

  • 凝血因子:

Haemophiliacs have no factor 8 in their blood.

②[C] a particular level on a scale of measurement

  • 系数:

a suntan lotion with a protection factor of 10

③[C] the amount by which sth increases or decreases

  • (增或减的)数量,倍数:

The real wage of the average worker has increased by a factor of over ten in the last 70 years.

④[C] (mathematics 数) a number that divides into another number exactly

  • 因子;因数:

1, 2, 3, 4, 6 and 12 are the factors of 12.

 

127.effect

①effects [pl.] (formal) your personal possessions

  • (个人)财产,所有物,财物【SYN】 belongings :

The insurance policy covers all baggage and personal effects.

 

128.difficult

①(of people 人) not easy to please; not helpful

  • 难以讨好的;难以取悦的;不愿帮助的【SYN】 awkward :

a difficult child / customer / boss

 

129.office

①[U, C] an important position of authority, especially in government; the work and duties connected with this

  • 要职;重要官职;重要职务:

She held office as a cabinet minister for ten years.

The present government took office in 2005.

to stand for office

to seek / run for office

 

130.conference

①(especially NAmE) a group of sports teams that play against each other in a league

  • 体育协会(或联合会):

Southeast Conference football champions

131.reference

①[C] (abbr. ref.) a number, word or symbol that shows where sth is on a map, or where you can find a piece of information

  • (为方便查询所用的)标记,标识,编号:

Please quote your reference number when making an enquiry.

②[C] a letter written by sb who knows you, giving information about your character and abilities, especially to a new employer

  • 推荐信;介绍信:

We will take up references after the interview.

③[C] a person who agrees to write a reference for you, for example when you are applying for a job

  • 推荐人;介绍人【SYN】 referee :

My previous boss will act as a reference for me.

 

132.transfer

①[C] (especially BrE) (NAmE usually decal) a picture or design that can be removed from a piece of paper and stuck onto a surface, for example by being pressed or heated

  • 转印图画,转印图案(利用挤压或加热,可从纸上转印到物体的表面)

②[U] (psychology 心) the process of using behaviour which has already been learned in one situation in a new situation

  • 迁移(将已习得的行为在新的情况下应用)

 

133.finish

①to be in a particular state or position at the end of a race or a competition

  • (赛跑、竞赛)得…名;获…成绩:

The dollar finished the day slightly down.

②[VN] ~ sb (off) (informal) to make sb so tired or impatient that they cannot do any more

  • 使筋疲力尽;使失去耐心:

Climbing that hill really finished me off.

③[C, U] the last covering of paint, polish, etc. that is put onto the surface of sth; the condition of the surface

  • 末道漆;抛光;(漆完抛光后的)成品表面:

a gloss / matt finish

④[C, U] the final details that are added to sth to make it complete

  • 最后精细加工:

The bows will give a feminine finish to the curtains.

 

134.fine

①very thin or narrow

  • 纤细的;很细的:

fine blond hair

②[usually before noun] difficult to see or describe

  • 难以看出的;很难描述的【SYN】 subtle :

There’s a fine line between love and hate (= it is easy for one to become the other).

③made of very small grains

  • 小颗粒制成的;颗粒细微的:

fine sand

④sounding important and impressive but unlikely to have any effect

  • 漂亮的;虚饰的;辞藻华丽的:

His speech was full of fine words which meant nothing.

⑤(technical 术语) containing only a particular metal and no other substances that reduce the quality

  • 纯的;无杂质的:

fine gold

 

135.confinement

①[U, C] (formal or old-fashioned) the time when a woman gives birth to a baby

  • 分娩;产期:

the expected date of confinement

 

136.definition

①[U] the quality of being clear and easy to see

  • 清晰度:

The definition of the digital TV pictures is excellent.

 

137.definite

①[usually before noun] considered to be the best of its kind and almost impossible to improve

  • 最佳的;最具权威的:

the definitive biography of Einstein

 

138.form

①[VN] to have an influence on the way that sth develops

  • 对…的发展有影响【SYN】 mould :

Positive and negative experiences form a child’s character.

②[U] (BrE) how fit and healthy sb is; the state of being fit and healthy

  • 体能;良好的健康状态:

After one months’ training the whole team is in superb form.

③[U] how well sb / sth is performing; the fact that sb / sth is performing well

  • 表现状态;良好表现:

On current / present form the party is heading for another election victory.

④[U, C] (especially BrE) the usual way of doing sth

  • 惯常做法;常规;习俗:

What’s the form when you apply for a research grant?

⑤[U] good / bad ~ (old-fashioned, BrE) the way of doing things that is socially acceptable / not socially acceptable

  • 礼貌;礼节

⑥(BrE, old-fashioned) a class in a school

  • 年级:

Who’s your form teacher?

⑦-former (in compounds 构成复合词) (BrE, old-fashioned) a student in the form mentioned at school

  • …年级学生:

a third-former

 

139.formation

①the particular shape of something

  • 组成物;(岩或云)层

rock formations

②[U, C] a particular arrangement or pattern

  • 编队;队形:

aircraft flying in formation

 

140.formal

①(of a garden, room or building 花园、房间、建筑物) arranged in a regular manner, according to a clear, exact plan

  • 整齐的;布置井然的:

delightful formal gardens, with terraced lawns and an avenue of trees

 

141.inform

① [VN] (formal) to have an influence on sth

  • 对…有影响:

Religion informs every aspect of their lives.

 

142.formula

①[C] ~ (for sth / for doing sth) a particular method of doing or achieving sth

  • 方案;方法:

They’re trying to work out a peace formula acceptable to both sides in the dispute.

②[C] a fixed form of words used in a particular situation

  • (特定场合的)惯用词语,套话:

legal formula

 

143.effort

①[C] (usually after a noun 通常置于名词后) a particular activity that a group of people organize in order to achieve sth

  • 有组织的活动:

②[C] the result of an attempt to do sth

  • 努力的结果;成就:

I’m afraid this essay is a poor effort.

 

144.comfortable

①having enough money to buy what you want without worrying about the cost

  • 富裕的;宽裕的:

They’re not millionaires, but they’re certainly very comfortable.

②quite large; allowing you to win easily

  • 相当大的;易取胜的:

The party won with a comfortable majority.

 

145.force

①the force [sing.] (BrE) the police force

  • 警察部门:

He joined the force twenty years ago.

②the forces [pl.] (BrE) the army, navy and air force

  • 兵力,武装力量(陆海空三军):

allied forces

③[C + sing. / pl. v.] a group of people who have been organized for a particular purpose

  • (为某目的组织起来的)一群人:

a member of the sales force

 

 

146.refuse

①[U] waste material that has been thrown away

  • 废弃物;垃圾【SYN】 rubbish / garbage :

the city refuse dump

 

147.fuse

①(NAmE also fuze) a device that makes a bomb explode when it hits sth or at a particular time

  • 引信;信管;雷管:

He set the fuse to three minutes.

 

148.fusion

①(also nuclear fusion) [U] (physics 物) the act or process of combining the nuclei (= central parts) of atoms to form a heavier nucleus , with energy being released

  • 核聚变;热核反应

 

149.confound

①to prove sb / sth wrong

  • 证明…有错:

She confounded her critics and proved she could do the job.

②(old-fashioned) to defeat an enemy

  • 击败,战胜(敌人)

 

150.suggestion

①[C, usually sing.] a slight amount or sign of sth

  • 微量;些微;迹象【SYN】 trace :

She looked at me with just a suggestion of a smile.

 

151.ambitious

①needing a lot of effort, money or time to succeed

  • 费力的;耗资的;耗时的:

the government’s ambitious plans for social reform

 

152.transit

①[U] (NAmE) the system of buses, trains, etc. which people use to travel from one place to another

  • 交通运输系统:

the city’s mass / public transit system

 

153.intiate

①~ sb (into sth) to explain sth to sb and / or make them experience it for the first time

  • 使了解;传授;教…开始尝试:

Many of them had been initiated into drug use at an early age.

 

154.injection

①An injection of money or resources into an organization is the act of providing it with more money or resources, to help it become more efficient or profitable.

  • (金钱或资源的)投入

The company is hoping to obtain a £50 million cash injection from the government

 

155.project

①[usually passive] to estimate what the size, cost or amount of sth will be in the future based on what is happening now

  • 预测;预计;推想【SYN】 forecast :

A growth rate of 4% is projected for next year.

②[V +adv. / prep.] to stick out beyond an edge or a surface

  • 突出;外伸;伸出【SYN】 protrude :

a building with balconies projecting out over the street

③[VN] ~ (yourself) to present sb / sth / yourself to other people in a particular way, especially one that gives a good impression

  • 展现;表现;确立(好印象):

He projected himself as a man worth listening to.

④[VN] to send or throw sth up or away from yourself

  • 投掷;抛射;发送:

Actors must learn to project their voices.

⑤[noun] (NAmE) = housing project : a group of houses or flats / apartments built for poor families, usually with government money

  • 住宅区,居民村(常由政府为贫困家庭营造)

Going into the projects alone is dangerous.

 

156.reject

①something that cannot be used or sold because there is sth wrong with it

  • 废品;次品

②a person who has not been accepted as a member of a team, society, etc.

  • 不合格者;被剔除者;被拒收者:

one of society’s rejects

③to fail to give a person or an animal enough care or affection

  • 不够关心;慢待:

The lioness rejected the smallest cub, which died.

 

157.justify

①[VN] (technical 术语) to arrange lines of printed text so that one or both edges are straight

  • 调整使全行排满;使每行排齐;使齐行

Click on this icon to align or justify text

 

158.collect

①to receive sth; to win sth

  • 收到;赢得;获得:

to collect a prize / a medal

②[VN] to obtain the money, etc. that sb owes, for example by going to their house to get it

  • 收(欠款);(上门)收(账):

to collect rent / debts / tax

③[adj. , adv.]• (NAmE) (of a telephone call 电话) paid for by the person who receives the call

  • 由受话人付费的:

to make a collect call

 

159.elect

①used after nouns to show that sb has been chosen for a job, but is not yet doing that job

  • (用于名词后)当选而尚未就职的,候任的:

the president elect

 

160.elegant

①(of a plan or an idea 计划或想法) clever but simple

  • 简炼的;简洁的;简明的:

an elegant solution to the problem

 

161.local

①(BrE, informal) a pub near where you live

  • 住处附近的酒吧:

I called in at my local on the way home.

②(NAmE) a branch of a trade / labor union

  • (工会的)地方分会

③ (NAmE) a bus or train that stops at all places on the route

  • (沿线每站都停的)公共汽车,火车

 

162.location

①[C, U] a place outside a film studio where scenes of a film / movie are made

  • (电影的)外景拍摄地:

The movie was shot entirely on location in Italy.

 

163.eloquent

①(of a look or movement 表情或动作) able to express a feeling

  • 传神的:

His eyes were eloquent.

 

164.manipulate

①(technical 术语) to move a person’s bones or joints into the correct position

  • 正骨;治疗脱臼

 

165.immediate

①[only before noun] next to or very close to a particular place or time

  • 接近的;附近的;紧接的:

The prospects for the immediate future are good.

②[only before noun] nearest in relationship or rank

  • (关系或级别)最接近的,直系的,直接的:

The funeral was attended by her immediate family (= her parents, children, brothers and sisters) only.

③[only before noun] having a direct effect

  • (作用)直接的:

The immediate cause of death is unknown.

 

166.medium

①(biology 生) a substance that sth exists or grows in or that it travels through

  • 介质;培养基;环境:

The bacteria were growing in a sugar medium.

②(pl. me∙diums) a person who claims to be able to communicate with the spirits of dead people

  • 通灵的人;灵媒;巫师

 

167.mediate

①[VN] [usually passive] (formal or technical 术语) to influence sth and / or make it possible for it to happen

  • 影响…的发生;使…可能发生:

Educational success is mediated by economic factors.

 

168.minute

①[C] each of the 60 equal parts of a degree, used in measuring angles

  • 分(角度单位,六十分之一度):

37 degrees 30 minutes (37° 30″)

②the minutes [pl.] a summary or record of what is said or decided at a formal meeting

  • 会议记录;会议纪要:

Who is going to take the minutes (= write them) ?

③[C] a short note on a subject, especially one that recommends a course of action

  • 摘要;简短记录;备忘录

④[ verb ]to write down sth that is said at a meeting in the official record (= the minutes )

  • 将(某事)写进会议记录:

I’d like that last remark to be minuted.

 

169.minority

[U] (law 律) the state of being under the age at which you are legally an adult

  • 未成年

 

170.minister

①a person, lower in rank than an ambassador , whose job is to represent their government in a foreign country

  • 公使;外交使节

②[verb]minister to sb / sth (formal)

  • to care for sb, especially sb who is sick or old, and make sure that they have everything they need
  • 照料,服侍(年老或体弱者等)【SYN】 tend

 

171.administer

①[often passive] ~ sth (to sb) (formal) to give drugs, medicine, etc. to sb

  • 给予,施用(药物等):

The dose was administered to the child intravenously.

②~ a kick, a punch, etc. (to sb / sth) (formal) to kick or to hit sb / sth

  • 踢;打:

He administered a severe blow to his opponent’s head.

 

172.administration

①(often Administration) [C] the government of a country, especially the US

  • (尤指美国)政府:

the Bush administration

 

173.admission

①[U] the amount of money that you pay to go into a building or to an event

  • 入场费;门票费:

£5 admission

 

174.commit

①[VN] ~ yourself (to sth) to give an opinion or make a decision openly so that it is then difficult to change it

  • (公开地)表示意见,作出决定(以致日后难以更改):

You don’t have to commit yourself now, just think about it.

②[V] ~ (to sb / sth) to be completely loyal to one person, organization, etc. or give all your time and effort to your work, an activity, etc.

  • 忠于(某个人、机构等);全心全意投入(工作、活动等):

Why are so many men scared to commit? (= say they will be loyal to one person)

③[VN] to spend money or time on sth / sb

  • 花(钱或时间):

The council has committed large amounts of money to housing projects.

④[VN] [often passive] ~ sb to sth to order sb to be sent to a hospital, prison, etc.

  • (下令)把(某人)送进(医院或监狱等):

he was committed to a psychiatric hospital.

⑤[VN] to send sb for trial in court

  • 把某人送交法庭受审

⑥[VN] ~ sth to memory to learn sth well enough to remember it exactly

  • 把…学好记牢:

She committed the instructions to memory.

⑦[VN] ~ sth to paper / writing to write sth down

  • 把…记(或写)下来

 

175.commission

①[U, C] an amount of money that is paid to sb for selling goods and which increases with the amount of goods that are sold

  • 佣金;回扣:

You get a 10% commission on everything you sell.

②[U] an amount of money that is charged by a bank, etc. for providing a particular service

  • (银行等的)手续费:

1% commission is charged for cashing traveller’s cheques.

③[C] a formal request to sb to design or make a piece of work such as a building or a painting

  • (请某人作建筑设计或作一幅画等的)正式委托

④[C] an officer’s position in the armed forces

  • 军官职务

Verb:
⑤to officially ask sb to write, make or create sth or to do a task for you

  • 正式委托(谱写或制作、创作、完成):

⑤[usually passive] ~ sb (as) sth to choose sb as an officer in one of the armed forces

  • 任命…为军官:

He has just been commissioned (as a) pilot officer.

 

176.submit

①[V that] (law 律 or formal) to say or suggest sth

  • 表示;认为;主张;建议:

Counsel for the defence submitted that the evidence was inadmissible.

 

177.transmission

①[U, C] the system in a vehicle by which power is passed from the engine to the wheels

  • (车辆的)传动装置,变速器

②[C] a radio or television message or broadcast

  • (电视、广播节目的)播送,播放

a live transmission from Sydney

 

178.mortal

①[only before noun] (formal) lasting until death

  • 至死方休的;不共戴天的【SYN】 deadly :

They were locked in mortal combat (= a fight that will only end with the death of one of them).

②[only before noun] (formal) (of fear, etc. 恐惧等) extreme

  • 极端的;非常大的:

We lived in mortal dread of him discovering our secret.

 

179.move

①(formal) to suggest sth formally so that it can be discussed and decided

  • (正式地)提出,提议【SYN】 put forward :

The Opposition moved an amendment to the Bill.

②[V] to take action; to do sth

  • 采取行动;做(事):

The police moved quickly to dispel the rumours.

180.movable

①noun [C, usually pl.]• (law 律) a thing that can be moved from one house, etc. to another; a personal possession

  • 动产;个人财物

 

181.remove

①(formal) an amount by which two things are separated

  • 距离;差距;间距:

Charlotte seemed to be living at one remove from reality.

 

182.mobile

①a decoration made from wire, etc. that is hung from the ceiling and that has small objects hanging from it which move when the air around them moves

  • 风铃;(可随风摆动的)悬挂饰物

 

183.natural

①[only before noun] (of parents or their children 父母或其子女) related by blood

  • 有血缘关系的;亲生的:

His natural mother was unable to care for him so he was raised by an aunt.

②[only before noun] (old use or formal) (of a son or daughter 儿女) born to parents who are not married

  • 非婚生的;私生的【SYN】 illegitimate :

She was a natural daughter of King James II.

③~ (for sth) a person who is very good at sth without having to learn how to do it, or who is perfectly suited for a particular job

  • 有天赋的人;擅长做某事的人:

He’s a natural for the role.

 

184.international

①(BrE) a sports competition involving teams from two countries

  • 国际体育比赛:

the France-Scotland rugby international

②(BrE) a player who takes part in a sports competition against another country

  • 国际体育比赛选手:

a former swimming international

 

185.note

①[C] (technical 术语) an official letter from the representative of one government to another

  • (外交文书)照会;通牒:

an exchange of diplomatic notes

 

186.notice

①[U] a formal letter or statement saying that you will or must leave your job or house at the end of a particular period of time

  • 辞职信;搬迁通知:

He has handed in his notice

②[C] a short article in a newspaper or magazine, giving an opinion about a book, play, etc.

  • (报刊上对书籍、戏剧等的)评论,短评

 

187.order

① [C, usually pl.] (disapproving or humorous) a social class

  • 阶级;等级;阶层:

the lower orders

②[C] a group into which animals, plants, etc. that have similar characteristics are divided, smaller than a class and larger than a family

  • (生物分类的)目:

the order of primates

③[C + sing. / pl. v.] a group of people living in a religious community, especially monks or nuns

  • (按照一定的规范生活的)宗教团体;(尤指)修会:

religious orders

④[C + sing. / pl. v.] a group of people who have been given a special honour by a queen, king, president, etc.

  • (荣获国王、女王、总统等)授勳的人;勳位;勳爵士团:

The Order of the Garter is an ancient order of chivalry.

⑤[C] a badge or ribbon worn by members of an order who have been given a special honour

  • 勳章;绶带

⑥[C + sing. / pl. v.] a secret society whose members meet for special ceremonies

  • (秘密)社团,集团,结社:

the Ancient Order of Druids

 

188.extraordinary

①[only before noun] (formal) (of a meeting, etc. 会议等) arranged for a special purpose and happening in addition to what normally or regularly happens

  • 特别的;临时的:

An extraordinary meeting was held to discuss the problem.

② (following nouns 紧接名词之后) (technical 术语) (of an official 官员) employed for a special purpose in addition to the usual staff

  • 特派的;特命的:

an envoy extraordinary

 

189.coordinate

①[C] either of two numbers or letters used to fix the position of a point on a map or graph

  • 坐标:

the x, y coordinates of any point on a line

②coordinates [pl.] (used in shops / stores etc. 商店等用) pieces of clothing that can be worn together because, for example, the colours look good together

  • (颜色协调的)配套服装,套装

 

190.particular

①~ (about / over sth) very definite about what you like and careful about what you choose

  • 讲究;挑剔:【SYN】 fussy

She’s very particular about her clothes.

 

191.passion

[sing.] (formal) a state of being very angry

  • 盛怒;激愤【SYN】 rage :

She flies into a passion if anyone even mentions his name.

 

192.compulsive

①that makes you pay attention to it because it is so interesting and exciting

  • 引人入胜的:

The programme made compulsive viewing.

 

193.pulse

①pulses [pl.] the seeds of some plants that are eaten as food, such as peas and lentils

  • 豆果果实;荚果;豆子

②~ (with sth) to be full of a feeling such as excitement or energy

  • 洋溢着;充满(激情等)【SYN】 buzz :

The auditorium pulsed with excitement.

 

194.dependence

①(also de∙pend∙ency) the state of being addicted to sth (= unable to stop taking or using it)

  • 瘾:

drug / alcohol dependence

②~ of A and B (technical 术语) the fact of one thing being affected by another

  • 相关(性);相依(性):

the close dependence of soil and landforms

 

195.independent

①done or given by sb who is not involved in a situation and so is able to judge it fairly

  • 不相干的人所做的(或提供的);公正的;无偏见的:

an independent inquiry / witness

②supported by private money rather than government money

  • 私营的;独立:

independent television / schools

③not representing or belonging to a particular political party

  • 无党派的;独立的:

an independent candidate

 

196.suspension

①[U, C] the system by which a vehicle is supported on its wheels and which makes it more comfortable to ride in when the road surface is not even

  • (车辆减震用的)悬架

②[C, U] (technical 术语) a liquid with very small pieces of solid matter floating in it; the state of such a liquid

  • 悬浮液;悬浮

 

197.competence

①[U] (law 律) the power that a court, an organization or a person has to deal with sth

  • (法庭、机构或人的)权限,管辖权:

The judge has to act within the competence of the court.

 

198.competition

①the competition [sing. + sing. / pl. v.] the people who are competing against sb

  • 竞争者;对手:

We’ll be able to assess the competition at the conference.

 

199.complement

①the complete number or quantity needed or allowed

  • 足数;足额:

We’ve taken our full complement of trainees this year.

 

200.complete

①~ with sth [not before noun] including sth as an extra part or feature

  • 包括,含有(额外部份或特征):

The furniture comes complete with tools and instructions for assembly

②to write all the information you are asked for on a form

  • 填写(表格)【SYN】 fill in / out :

2 000 shoppers completed our questionnaire.

 

201.plenty

①[noun](formal) a situation in which there is a large supply of food, money, etc.

  • 富裕;充裕:

Everyone is happier in times of plenty.

 

202.apply

①[VN] ~ sth (to sth) to put or spread sth such as paint, cream, etc. onto a surface

  • 涂;敷;施:

Apply the cream sparingly to your face and neck.

②[VN] ~ yourself (to sth / to doing sth) to work at sth or study sth very hard

  • 勤奋工作;努力学习:

You would pass your exams if you applied yourself.

③[VN] to press on sth hard with your hand, foot, etc. to make sth work or have an effect on sth

  • 手压;脚踩:

to apply the brakes (of a vehicle)

 

203.implicit

①~ (in sth) forming part of sth (although perhaps not directly expressed)

  • 成为一部份的;内含的:

The ability to listen is implicit in the teacher’s role.

②complete and not doubted

  • 完全的;无疑问的【SYN】 absolute :

She had the implicit trust of her staff.

 

204.multiply

①(biology 生) to reproduce in large numbers; to make sth do this

  • (使)繁殖,增殖:

Rabbits multiply rapidly.

 

205.complication

①[C, usually pl.] (medical 医) a new problem or illness that makes treatment of a previous one more complicated or difficult

  • 并发症:

She developed complications after the surgery.

 

206.composition

①[U] (art 美术) the arrangement of people or objects in a painting or photograph

  • (绘画、摄影的)构图

 

209.exposure

①[U] the fact of being discussed or mentioned on television, in newspapers, etc.

  • (在电视、报纸等上的)亮相,被报道【SYN】 publicity :

Her new movie has had a lot of exposure in the media.

②[U] a medical condition caused by being out in very cold weather for too long without protection

  • 捱冻;受寒:

Two climbers were brought in suffering from exposure.

③[C] a length of film in a camera that is used to take a photograph

  • (照一张照片的)软片,底片,胶片:

There are three exposures left on this roll of film.

④[C] the length of time for which light is allowed to reach the film when taking a photograph

  • 曝光时间:

I used a long exposure for this one.

 

210.opposite

①[prep.]acting in a film / movie or play as the partner of sb

  • 与…合演;与…联袂演出:

She starred opposite Tom Hanks.

 

211.proposition

①a thing that you intend to do; a problem or task to be dealt with

  • 欲做的事;待处理的问题;任务【SYN】 matter :

Getting a work permit in the UK is not always a simple proposition.

②(also Proposition) (in the US) a suggested change to the law that people can vote on

  • (美国)法律修正议案:

How did you vote on Proposition 8?

③(mathematics 数) a statement of a theorem , and an explanation of how it can be proved

  • 命题

④[verb]to say in a direct way to sb that you would like to have sex with the

  • 求欢:

She was propositioned by a strange man in the bar.

 

212.import

①[U] (formal) importance

  • 重要性:

matters of great import

②the ~ (of sth) [sing.] (formal) the meaning of sth, especially when it is not immediately clear

  • 意思;含意:

It is difficult to understand the full import of this statement.

 

213.support

①[U] a band or singer who performs in a pop concert before the main performer

  • 助演嘉宾:

The support (act) has yet to be confirmed.

②[verb](of a pop band or singer 流行乐队或歌手) to perform in a pop concert before the main performer

  • (在流行音乐会上)当助演,担任演出嘉宾:

 

214.transport

①[noun]transports [pl.] ~ of sth (literary) strong feelings and emotions

  • 强烈的情感;激情;激动:

to be in transports of delight

②to make sb feel that they are in a different place, time or situation

  • 使产生身临其境的感觉:

The book transports you to another world.

③(in the past) to send sb to a far away place as a punishment

  • (旧时)流放:

British convicts were transported to Australia for life.

 

215.sport

Verb:

①[VN] to have or wear sth in a proud way

  • 得意地穿戴;夸示;故意显示【SYN】 wear :

She was sporting a T-shirt with the company’s logo on it.

②[V +adv. / prep.] (literary) to play in a happy and lively way

  • 开心活泼地玩;嬉戏

Noun:

③[C] (AustralE, NZE, informal) used as a friendly way of addressing sb, especially a man

  • (用作友好称呼,尤指对男子)朋友,老兄,哥们儿:

Good on you, sport!

④[U] (formal) enjoyment or fun

  • 乐趣;消遣;玩笑;逗乐:

The comments were only made in sport.

to make sport of (= to joke about) sb / sth

⑤[C] (biology 生) a plant or an animal that is different in a noticeable way from its usual type

  • 突变;芽变;变种

 

216.press

Noun:

①[C] (especially in compounds 尤用于构成复合词) a piece of equipment that is used for creating pressure on things, to make them flat or to get liquid from them

  • 压平机;压榨机;榨汁机:

a garlic press

②[sing.] a large number of people or things competing for space or movement

  • 拥挤的人群(或大批事物)【SYN】 throng :

the press of bodies all moving the same way

③[C] (IrishE, ScotE) a large cupboard, usually with shelves, for holding clothes, books, etc.

  • (分层)大壁橱,衣柜,书柜,碗柜

Verb:

④[VN] to squeeze sb’s hand or arm, especially as a sign of affection

  • (深情地)紧握(某人的手或臂)

⑤[V +adv. / prep.] (of people in a crowd 人群) to move in the direction mentioned by pushing

  • (向…)拥挤,推搡着移动:

The photographers pressed around the royal visitors.

⑥[VN] to express or repeat sth with force

  • 坚持;反复强调:

I don’t want to press the point, but you do owe me $200.

⑦[VN] to squeeze the juice out of fruit or vegetables by using force or weight

  • 把…榨汁;压榨

⑧[VN] to make sth from a material, using pressure

  • 把…压成;压制:

The car bodies are pressed out of sheets of metal.

 

217.pressing

①[adj]difficult to refuse or to ignore

  • 难以推却的;不容忽视的:

a pressing invitation

②[noun]an object, especially a record, made by using pressure or weight to shape a piece of metal, plastic, etc.; a number of such objects that are made at one time

  • 模压制品,同批次的模压产品(尤指唱片):

The initial pressing of the group’s album has already sold out.

 

218.expression

①[C] a group of signs that represent an idea or a quantity

  • 式;表达式

This forms the basis for our mathematical expression for the electric field.

 

219.impression

①~ (on sb) the effect that an experience or a person has on sb / sth

  • 影响;效果:

His trip to India made a strong impression on him.

②a drawing showing what a person looks like or what a place or a building will look like in the future

  • 印象画:

This is an artist’s impression of the new stadium.

③~ (of sb) an amusing copy of the way a person acts or speaks

  • (对某人举止言谈的)滑稽模仿【SYN】 impersonation :

He did his impression of Tom Hanks.

④an appearance that may be false

  • (虚假的)外观;假象:

Clever lighting creates an impression of space in a room.

⑤a mark that is left when an object is pressed hard into a surface

  • 压痕

⑥all the copies of a book that are printed at one time, with few or no changes to the contents since the last time the book was printed

  • 重印本;印次

 

220.oppressive

①(of the weather 天气) extremely hot and unpleasant and lacking fresh air

  • 闷热的;令人窒息的【SYN】 stifling :

oppressive heat

②making you feel unhappy and anxious

  • 令人苦恼的;令人焦虑的:

an oppressive relationship

 

211.depression

①[C] (formal) a part of a surface that is lower than the parts around it

  • 洼地;凹地;坑【SYN】 hollow :

Rainwater collects in shallow depressions on the ground.

②[C] (technical 术语) a weather condition in which the pressure of the air becomes lower, often causing rain

  • 低气压;气压降低

 

212.prove

①if bread proves, it increases in size before it is baked because of the yeast it contains

  • 发酵【SYN】 rise

 

213.approval

①if you buy goods, or if goods are sold on approval, you can use them for a time without paying, until you decide if you want to buy them or not

  • (商品)试用,包退包换

 

214.regular

①having an even shape

  • 均匀的;端正的;齐整的:

a face with regular features

②[only before noun] (especially NAmE) ordinary; without any special or extra features

  • 普通的;平凡的:

Do you want regular or diet cola?

③[only before noun] belonging to or connected with the permanent armed forces or police force of a country

  • 常备军的;正规军的:

a regular army / soldier

④(informal) used for emphasis to show that sb / sth is an exact or clear example of the thing mentioned

  • 完全的;彻底的:

The whole thing was a regular disaster.

 

215.correct

①taking care to speak or behave in a way that follows the accepted standards or rules

  • (举止言谈)符合公认准则的,得体的:

He is always very correct in his speech.

 

216.direct

①[VN] ~ sth to… (formal) to send a letter, etc. to a particular place or to a particular person

  • 把(信件等)寄至;交予:

Direct any complaints to the Customer Services department.

②[adj][only before noun] related through parents and children rather than brothers, sisters, aunts, etc.

  • 直系的;嫡系的:

a direct descendant of the country’s first president

 

217.erect

①[C] (formal) a structure or building, especially a large one

  • (尤指大型)结构,建筑物

 

218.corruption

①[C, usually sing.] the form of a word or phrase that has become changed from its original form in some way

  • (单词或短语的)变体:

The word ‘holiday’ is a corruption of ‘holy day’.

 

219.erupt

①~ (in / into sth) to suddenly express your feelings very strongly, especially by shouting loudly

  • 突然发出(尤指叫喊):

When Davis scored for the third time the crowd erupted.

 

220.bankrupt

①~ (of sth) (formal, disapproving) completely lacking in anything that has value

  • 完全缺乏(有价值的东西):

a government bankrupt of new ideas

 

221.describe

①[VN] (formal or technical 术语) to make a movement which has a particular shape; to form a particular shape

  • 做…运动;画出…图形;形成…形状:

The shark described a circle around the shoal of fish.

His pass described a perfect arc through the leaden sky.

 

222.description

①[C] of some, all, every, etc. ~ of some, etc. type

  • 类型:

Their money came from trade of some description.

 

223.prescription

①[C] ~ (for sth) (formal) a plan or a suggestion for making sth happen or for improving it

  • 计划;建议;秘诀:

a prescription for happiness

 

224.prescriptive

①(technical 术语) (of rights and institutions 权利和风俗) made legal or acceptable because they have existed for a long time

  • 约定俗成的;相沿成习的:

prescriptive powers

 

225.section

Noun:

①[C] a separate group within a larger group of people

  • 阶层;界;组:

an issue that will affect large sections of the population

②[C] (NAmE) a measure of land, equal to one square mile

  • 一平方英里(土地单位)

③[C, U] (medical 医) the act of cutting or separating sth in an operation

  • 切开;切断:

The surgeon performed a section (= made a cut) on the vein.

④[C] (medical 医, biology 生) a very thin flat piece cut from body tissue to be looked at under a microscope

  • (供显微镜下观察的)切片:

to examine a section from the kidney

Verb:
⑤(medical 医) to divide body tissue by cutting

  • 切开;切断

⑥(biology 生) to cut animal or plant tissue into thin slices in order to look at it under a microscope

  • 做(动物或植物组织)切片

⑦[often passive] (BrE) to officially order a mentally ill person to go and receive treatment in a psychiatric hospital, using a law that can force them to stay there until they are successfully treated

  • (依法令精神病人)强制入院治疗

 

226.sensible

①(of clothes, etc. 服装等) useful rather than fashionable

  • 朴素而实用的:

sensible shoes

②(formal or literary) aware of sth

  • 意识到;认识到:

I am sensible of the fact that mathematics is not a popular subject.

 

227.sequence

①[C] a part of a film / movie that deals with one subject or topic or consists of one scene

  • (电影中表现同一主题或场面的)一组镜头

The best sequence in the film occurs when Roth stops at a house he used to live in.

②(biology 生) to identify the order in which a set of genes or parts of molecules are arranged

  • 测定(整套基因或分子成分的)序列:

The human genome has now been sequenced.

 

228.execute

①(formal) to successfully perform a skilful action or movement

  • 成功地完成(技巧或动作):

The pilot executed a perfect landing.

②(formal) to make or produce a work of art

  • 制作,做成(艺术品):

Picasso also executed several landscapes at Horta de San Juan.

 

229.executive

①the executive [sing. + sing. / pl. v.] the part of a government responsible for putting laws into effect

  • (政府的)行政部门

②[adj]expensive; for the use of sb who is considered important

  • 高级的;供重要人物使用的:

an executive suite (= in a hotel)

an executive lounge (= at an airport)

 

230.prosecute

①[VN] (formal) to continue taking part in or doing sth

  • 继续从事(或参与):

They had overwhelming public support to prosecute the war.

 

231.residency

①[U, C] (especially NAmE) the period of time when a doctor working in a hospital receives special advanced training

  • 高级专科住院医生实习期

 

232.resident

①a doctor working in a hospital in the US who is receiving special advanced training

  • (美国的)高级专科住院实习医生

 

233.session

①a school or university year

  • 学年

②an occasion when people meet to play music, especially Irish music, in a pub / bar

  • (酒吧中)演奏会(尤指演奏爱尔兰音乐)

 

234.possess

①[VN to inf] (used in negative sentences and questions 用于否定句和疑问句) to make sb do sth that seems strange or unreasonable

  • 使言行失常:

What possessed him to say such a thing?

 

235.possession

①[U] the state of having illegal drugs or weapons with you at a particular time

  • 持有违禁物;私藏毒品(或武器):

She was charged with possession

②[C] (formal) a country that is controlled or governed by another country

  • 殖民地;托管地;属地

③[U] the situation when sb’s mind is believed to be controlled by the Devil or by an evil spirit

  • 鬼魂缠身;着魔

 

236.assessment

①[C] an amount that has been calculated and that must be paid

  • 核定的付款额:

a tax assessment

 

237.sign

①[C] (informal) = star sign :

  • 星座

What sign are you?

 

238.signal

①(formal) important

  • 重大的;显要的:

a signal honour

 

239.signature

①[C, usually sing.] a particular quality that makes sth different from other similar things and makes it easy to recognize

  • 明显特征;鲜明特色;识别标志:

Bright colours are his signature.

240.assign

①~ sth to sth to say that sth has a particular value or function, or happens at a particular time or place

  • 确定(价值、功能、时间、地点):

The painting cannot be assigned an exact date.

 

241.design

①[C] an arrangement of lines and shapes as a decoration

  • 装饰图案;花纹【SYN】 pattern :

The tiles come in a huge range of colours and designs.

 

242.resignation

①[U] patient willingness to accept a difficult or unpleasant situation that you cannot change

  • 顺从;听任:

They accepted their defeat with resignation.

 

243.resistance

①(often the Resistance) [sing. + sing. / pl. v.] a secret organization that resists the authorities, especially in a country that an enemy has control of

  • (尤指敌占区的)秘密抵抗组织,地下组织:

resistance fighters

 

244.existence

①[C] a way of living especially when this is difficult or boring

  • (尤指艰难或无聊的)生活,生活方式:

The family endured a miserable existence in a cramped apartment.

 

245.expectant

①~ mother / father / parent used to describe sb who is going to have a baby soon or become a father

  • 未来的(母亲、父亲、父母)

 

246.prospect

①[V] ~ (for sth) to search an area for gold, minerals, oil, etc.

  • 探矿;勘探:

Thousands moved to the area to prospect for gold.

②[C] (formal) a wide view of an area of land, etc.

  • 风景;景色:

a delightful prospect of the lake

③[C] ~ (for sth) a person who is likely to be successful in a competition

  • (竞赛中的)有望获胜者:

She is one of Canada’s best prospects for a gold medal

 

247.suspicion

①[sing.] ~ of sth (formal) a small amount of sth

  • 少许;一点儿【SYN】 hint :

His mouth quivered in the suspicion of a smile.

 

248.special

①[noun]something that is not usually available but is provided for a particular purpose or on one occasion

  • 特别活动(或节目等);特制产品:

an election-night special on television

②[noun](informal, especially NAmE) a price for a particular product in a shop / store or restaurant that is lower than usual

  • 特价:

There’s a special on coffee this week.

③[only before noun] better or more than usual

  • 更好的;格外的:

As an only child she got special attention.

 

249.spirit

①[C] (always with an adjective 总是与形容词连用) a person of the type mentioned

  • (某种类型的)人:

a brave spirit

②[U] courage, determination or energy

  • 勇气;志气;意志;活力:

Show a little fighting spirit.

③[U, sing.] loyal feelings towards a group, team or society

  • (对团体、队伍、社会的)忠心:

There’s not much community spirit around here.

④[sing.] a state of mind or mood; an attitude

  • 心态;态度:

We approached the situation in the wrong spirit.

⑤[U] the real or intended meaning or purpose of sth

  • 真实意义;实质:

Obey the spirit, not the letter (= the narrow meaning of the words) of the law.

⑥[C] the soul thought of as separate from the body and believed to live on after death; a ghost

  • 灵魂;鬼魂;幽灵:

It was believed that people could be possessed by evil spirits.

⑦[C] (old-fashioned) an imaginary creature with magic powers, for example, a fairy or an elf

  • 仙子;小精灵;小妖精

⑧[U] a special type of alcohol used in industry or medicine

  • 工业酒精;医用酒精

⑨[verb]to take sb / sth away in a quick, secret or mysterious way

  • 偷偷带走;让人不可思议地弄走:

After the concert, the band was spirited away before their fans could get near them.

 

250.spiritual

①connected with religion

  • 宗教的:

a spiritual leader

 

251.advance

①[noun]advances [pl.] attempts to start a sexual relationship with sb

  • 求爱;追求:

He had made advances to one of his students.

②[VN] (formal) to suggest an idea, a theory, or a plan for other people to discuss

  • 提出(想法、理论、计划)【SYN】 put forward :

The article advances a new theory to explain changes in the climate

③[adj] ~ party / team a group of people who go somewhere first, before the main group

  • 先遣队;先头部队

 

252.dark

①mysterious; hidden and not known about

  • 神秘的;隐秘的;隐藏的:

There are no dark secrets in our family.

 

253.stage

①(often the stage) [sing.] the theatre and the world of acting as a form of entertainment

  • 戏剧;戏剧表演;戏剧界:

His parents didn’t want him to go on the stage (= to be an actor).

②to make sth happen

  • 使发生;使出现:

The dollar staged a recovery earlier today.

 

254.mark

Verb:

①[VN] to celebrate or officially remember an event that you consider to be important

  • 纪念;庆贺:

a ceremony to mark the 50th anniversary of the end of the war

②[VN] [usually passive] ~ sb / sth (as sth) (formal) to give sb / sth a particular quality or character

  • 赋予特征;给…确定性质【SYN】 characterize :

He was marked as an enemy of the poor.

③(old-fashioned) used to tell sb to pay careful attention to sth

  • 留心;留意;注意

There’ll be trouble over this, mark my words.

④[VN] (in a team game 成队比赛) to stay close to an opponent in order to prevent them from getting the ball

  • 钉人防守;钉住(对手):

Our defence had him closely marked.

Noun:

⑤a level or point that sth reaches that is thought to be important

  • (重要的)水平,标准点,指标:

Unemployment has passed the four million mark.

⑥Mark (followed by a number 后接数词) a particular type or model of a machine or vehicle

  • 型号:

the Mark II engine

⑦Mark (BrE) (followed by a number 后接数词) a particular level of temperature in a gas oven

  • 燃气挡;温度刻度:

Preheat the oven to gas Mark 6.

⑧a cross made on a document instead of a signature by sb who is not able to write their name

  • (文盲在文件上代替签名的)画押

⑨(formal) a target

  • 目标;靶子:

Of the blows delivered, barely half found their mark.

⑩= Deutschmark: the former unit of money in Germany (replaced in 2002 by the euro)

  • 德国马克(德国货币单位,于 2002 年为欧元所取代)

 

255.mind

①(especially BrE) (NAmE usually watch) [VN] to take care of sb / sth

  • 关心,照看(人或物)【SYN】 look after :

Who’s minding the children this evening?

②(NAmE, IrishE) [VN] to pay attention to what sb says, and obey them

  • 听从:

And the moral of the story is: always mind your mother!

③[C] a person who is very intelligent

  • 聪明人;富有才智的人:

She was one of the greatest minds of her generation.

 

256.constitution

①[C] the condition of a person’s body and how healthy it is

  • 身体素质;体质;体格:

to have a healthy / strong / weak constitution

 

257.declare

①[VN] to tell the tax authorities how much money you have earned

  • 申报(收益):

All income must be declared.

②[VN] to tell customs officers (= at the border of a country) that you are carrying goods on which you should pay tax

  • 申报(应纳税品):

Do you have anything to declare?

③[V] (in cricket 板球) to decide to end your innings (= the period during which your team is batting ) before all your players have batted

  • (在击球员还未全部出局时)宣布结束赛局,宣布停止击球

 

258.policy

①[C, U] (formal) a principle that you believe in that influences how you behave; a way in which you usually behave

  • 原则;为人之道:

She is following her usual policy of ignoring all offers of help.

②[C] a written statement of a contract of insurance

  • 保险单:

Check the terms of the policy before you sign.

 

259.material

①[U] items used in a performance

  • 节目;曲目;剧目:

The band played all new material at the gig.

② ~ (to sth) (formal or law 律) important and needing to be considered

  • 重要的;必要的:

She omitted information that was material to the case.

 

260.society

①[C] (abbr. Soc.) (especially in names 尤用于名称) a group of people who join together for a particular purpose

  • 社团;协会;学会:

a member of the drama society

②[U] the group of people in a country who are fashionable, rich and powerful

  • 上流社会:

a society wedding

③[U] (formal) the state of being with other people

  • 相伴;交往【SYN】 company :

He was a solitary man who avoided the society of others.

 

 

261.conspire

①~ against sb / sth | ~ to do sth (of events 事件) to seem to work together to make sth bad happen

  • 似乎共同导致(不良后果):

Circumstances had conspired against them.

Everything conspired to make her life a misery.

 

262.state

①[U] the formal ceremonies connected with high levels of government or with kings and queens

  • (国家元首或政府首脑享受的)正式礼仪,隆重仪式:

The president was driven in state through the streets.

②the States [pl.] (informal) the United States of America

  • 美国:

I’ve never been to the States

③[VN] [usually passive] to fix or announce the details of sth, especially on a written document

  • 规定;公布:

Do not exceed the stated dose (= of medicine).

 

263.station

①(old-fashioned or formal) your social position

  • 社会地位;身分:

She was definitely getting ideas above her station.

②(usually in compounds 通常构成复合词) a large sheep or cattle farm in Australia or New Zealand

  • (澳大利亚或新西兰放养牛或羊的)大型牧场

③a small base for the army or navy; the people living in it

  • 军事基地;驻军:

a naval station

 

264.stay

①a rope or wire that supports a ship’s mast , a pole, etc.

  • (船桅的)支索;(杆子等的)牵索,撑条

 

265.constancy

①(approving) the quality of being faithful

  • 忠诚;忠实;忠贞【SYN】 fidelity :

He admired her courage and constancy

 

266.rest

①[C] (often in compounds 常构成复合词) an object that is used to support or hold sth

  • 支撑物;支架;基座;托:

an armrest (= for example on a seat or chair)

②[C, U] a period of silence between notes; a sign that shows a rest between notes

  • 休止;休止符

 

267.contain

①to keep your feelings under control

  • 控制,克制,抑制(感情)【SYN】 restrain :

I was so furious I just couldn’t contain myself (= I had to express my feelings).

②to prevent sth harmful from spreading or getting worse

  • 防止…蔓延(或恶化):

Government forces have failed to contain the rebellion.

 

268.obtain

①[V] (not used in the progressive tenses 不用于进行时) (formal) (of rules, systems, customs, etc. 规则、制度、习俗等) to exist

  • 存在;流行;沿袭【SYN】 apply :

These conditions no longer obtain.

 

269.retain

①(law 律) if a member of the public retains sb such as a lawyer, he or she pays money regularly or in advance so the lawyer, etc. will do work for him or her

  • 聘请(律师等):

a retaining fee

 

270.extension

①[C] ~ (to sth) (BrE) (NAmE add∙ition) a new room or rooms that are added to a house

  • 增加的房间

②[C] a part of a college or university that offers courses to students who are not studying full-time ; a programme of study for these students

  • (为非本科生开设的)进修部,进修课:

extension courses

③the set of seven letters that are placed after a dot at the end of the name of a file and that show what type of file it is

  • 扩展名; 副档名

④[C] (BrE) = extension lead: an extra length of electric wire, used when the wire on an electrical device is not long enough

  • 接长线路, 延长线 (电器上的电线加长部份)

 

271.tendency

①[C + sing. / pl. v.] (BrE) a group within a larger political group, whose views are more extreme than those of the rest of the group

  • (政党内的)极端派别

272.extraction

①[U] of… extraction (formal) having a particular family origin

  • 有…血统;族裔:

an American of Hungarian extraction

②[C] (technical 术语) the removal of a tooth

  • 拔牙

 

273.union

①[C] (old-fashioned) a marriage

  • 结为夫妻;婚姻:

Their union was blessed with one children.

 

274.unity

①[U] (in art, etc. 艺术等) the state of looking or being complete in a natural and pleasing way

  • 完整;完美;和谐;协调:

The design lacks unity.

②[C] (in literature and theatre 文学、戏剧) any of the principles of classical or neoclassical theatre that restrict the action of a play to a single story, day and place

  • (情节、时间和地点的)统一性,一致性;三一律:

the unities of action, time and place

③[U] (mathematics 数) the number one

  • (数目或数字)一

 

275.unit

①a group of people who work or live together, especially for a particular purpose

  • 班组;小队:

army / military / police units

②a department, especially in a hospital, that provides a particular type of care or treatment

  • 科;病区:

the intensive care unit

③any whole number from 0 to 9

  • 个位数:

a column for the tens and a column for the units

 

276.convenient

①~ (for sth) near to a particular place; easy to get to

  • 附近的;近便的;容易到达的:

The house is very convenient for several schools.

 

277.convert

①[noun]~ (from sth) (to sth) a person who has changed their religion, beliefs or opinions

  • 改变宗教(或信仰、观点)的人;皈依者:

converts from other faiths

②[VN] (in rugby and American football 橄榄球和美式足球) to score extra points after a try , or a touchdown

  • (在持球触地或持球越过对方球门线得分后)获得附加分

 

278.convertible

①a car with a roof that can be folded down or taken off

  • 活动顶篷式汽车

 

279.conversion

①[C] (in rugby and American football 橄榄球和美式足球) a way of scoring extra points after scoring a try or a touchdown

  • (持球触地或持球越过对方球门线后的)附加得分

②[C] barn / loft ~ a building or room that has been changed so that it can be used for a different purpose, especially for living in

  • (尤指为居住而)改建的房屋

 

280.reverse

Verb:

①[VN] to change a previous decision, law, etc. to the opposite one

  • 撤销,废除(决定、法律等)【SYN】 revoke :

The Court of Appeal reversed the decision.

②[VN] ~ yourself (on sth) (NAmE) to admit you were wrong or to stop having a particular position in an argument

  • 承认错误;放弃(立场):

He has reversed himself on a dozen issues.

③(especially BrE) when a vehicle or its driver reverses or the driver reverses a vehicle, the vehicle goes backwards

  • (使)倒退行驶;倒车

Now reverse the car.

④[VN] ~ (the) charges (BrE) to make a telephone call that will be paid for by the person you are calling, not by you

  • 打对方付费的电话:

I want to reverse the charges, please.

Noun:

⑤[C] (formal) a loss or defeat; a change from success to failure

  • 损失;失败;倒退【SYN】 setback :

Property values have suffered another reverse.

⑥(also re7verse ‘gear) [U] the machinery in a vehicle used to make it move backwards

  • 倒挡:

Put the car in / into reverse.

 

281.universe

①[sing.] a set of experiences of a particular type

  • (某种)经验体系:

the moral universe

 

282.divert

①(formal) to entertain people

  • 娱乐;供消遣:

Children are easily diverted.

 

283.diversion

①[C] (BrE) (NAmE de∙tour) a road or route that is used when the usual one is closed

  • 临时绕行路;临时支路:

Diversions will be signposted

 

284.provision

①[U, C] ~ for sb / sth preparations that you make for sth that might or will happen in the future

  • (为将来做的)准备:

He had already made provisions for (= planned for the financial future of) his wife and children before the accident.

 

285.division

①[C + sing. / pl. v.] (abbr. Div.) a large and important unit or section of an organization

  • (机构的)部门:

the company’s sales division

②[C + sing. / pl. v.] (abbr. Div.) (in Britain) one of the group of teams that a sport competition is divided into, especially in football ( soccer )

  • (英国体育运动,尤指足球比赛的)级:

the first division / division one

③[C + sing. / pl. v.] (abbr. Div.) a unit of an army, consisting of several brigades or regiments

  • 师:

the Guards Armoured Division

④[C] a line that divides sth

  • 分界线:

A hedge forms the division between their land and ours.

⑤[C] (technical 术语) the separation of members of the British parliament into groups to vote for or against sth

  • (英国议会的)分组表决:

The Bill was read without a division.

 

286.visitation

①[C] ~ (of / from sb / sth) (formal) an unexpected appearance of sth, for example a ghost

  • (神灵等的)显现,显示,出现

②[C] ~ (of sth) (formal) a disaster that is believed to be a punishment from God

  • (视为上帝惩罚的)天灾,灾难,灾祸:

a visitation of plague

 

287.vision

①[C] a ~ (of sth) (literary) a person of great beauty or who shows the quality mentioned

  • 俊男;天仙;有…气质的人:

She was a vision in white lace.

 

288.vivid

①(of light, colours, etc. 光、颜色等) very bright

  • 鲜明的;耀眼的;鲜艳的;强烈的:

vivid blue eyes

②(of sb’s imagination 人的想像) able to form pictures of ideas, situations, etc. easily in the mind

  • 丰富的

 

289.advocate

①a person who defends sb in court

  • 辩护律师;出庭辩护人

 

290.vocal

①telling people your opinions or protesting about sth loudly and with confidence

  • 大声表达的;直言不讳的:

He has been very vocal in his criticism of the government’s policy.

②the part of a piece of music that is sung, rather than played on a musical instrument

  • (乐曲中的)歌唱部份,声乐部份:

backing vocals

In this recording Armstrong himself is on vocals

 

291.vocation

①[C, U] a belief that you have been chosen by God to be a priest or nun

  • 圣召;神召:

a vocation to the priesthood

②[C, U] ~ (for sth) a belief that a particular type of work or way of life is especially suitable for you

  • (认为某种工作或生活方式特别适合自己的)信心,使命感:

He has a vocation for teaching.

 

292.involvement

①[U, C] ~ (in / with sth) the act of giving a lot of time and attention to sth you care about

  • 耗费时间;投入;沉迷:

her growing involvement with contemporary music

②[C, U] ~ (with sb) a romantic or sexual relationship with sb that you are not married to

  • 恋爱;性爱:

He spoke openly about his involvement with the actress.

 

293.accent

①[sing.] a special importance that is given to sth

  • 着重点;强调【SYN】 emphasis :

In all our products the accent is on quality.

②[C] the emphasis that you should give to part of a word when saying it

  • 重音【SYN】 stress :

In ‘today’ the accent is on the second syllable.

③[C] a mark on a letter to show that it should be pronounced in a particular way

  • 读音符号(标在字母上):

Canapé has an accent on the ‘e’.

④[VN] to emphasize a part of sth

  • 着重;强调;突出

 

294.account

①(BrE also ‘credit account) (NAmE also ‘charge account) an arrangement with a shop / store or business to pay bills for goods or services at a later time, for example in regular amounts every month

  • 赊销账;赊欠账;赊购:

Put it on my account please.

②(business 商) a regular customer

  • 老主顾:

The agency has lost several of its most important accounts.

 

295.absolute

①an idea or a principle that is believed to be true or valid in any circumstances

  • 绝对真理(指思想或原理):

Right and wrong are, for her, moral absolutes.

 

296.affair

①[C] a sexual relationship between two people, usually when one or both of them is married to sb else

  • (尤指已婚男女的)私通,风流韵事:

She is having an affair with her boss.

②[C] (old-fashioned) (with an adjective 与形容词连用) an object that is unusual or difficult to describe

  • 不寻常之物;难描述的东西:

Her hat was an amazing affair with feathers and a huge brim.

 

297.option

①[C] a subject that a student can choose to study, but that they do not have to do

  • 选修课:

The course offers options in design and computing.

②[C] ~ (on sth) | ~ (to do sth) the right to buy or sell sth at some time in the future

  • (未来的)买卖选择权:

He has promised me first option on his car (= the opportunity to buy it before anyone else).

share options (= the right to buy shares in a company)

 

298.brand

Noun:

①a particular type or kind of sth

  • 类型:

an unorthodox brand of humour

②a mark made with a piece of hot metal, especially on farm animals to show who owns them

  • 烙印(尤指农场牲畜身上表示所属的印记)

Verb:

③~ sb (as) sth to describe sb as being sth bad or unpleasant, especially unfairly

  • (尤指不公正地)丑化(某人),败坏(某人)名声:

They were branded as liars and cheats.

④[VN] ~ sth (with sth) to mark an animal with a brand n. (3)to show who owns it

  • 给(牲畜)打烙印

 

299.remote

①not very great

  • 细微的;微小的【SYN】 slight :

There is still a remote chance that they will find her alive.

I don’t have the remotest idea what you’re talking about.

②(of people or their behaviour) not very friendly or interested in other people

  • 不很友好的;冷漠的【SYN】 aloof , distant

③~ (from sth) very different from sth

  • 相差很大的;极不相同的:

His theories are somewhat remote from reality.

 

300.extra

①a person who is employed to play a very small part in a film / movie, usually as a member of a crowd

  • (电影里的)临时演员,群众演员

 

301.smash

①[VN] to hit a high ball downwards and very hard over the net

  • 打高压球;扣球

②[C] a way of hitting the ball downwards and very hard

  • 高压球;扣球

③(also smash ‘hit) [C] a song, film / movie or play that is very popular

  • 十分走红的歌曲(或电影、戏剧):

her latest chart smash

 

302.exploit

①noun [usually pl.]a brave, exciting or interesting act

  • 英勇(或激动人心、引人注目)的行为:

the daring exploits of Roman heroes

②~ sth (for sth) to develop or use sth for business or industry

  • 开发;开采;开拓:

countries exploiting the rainforests for hardwood

 

303.slow

①not quick to learn; finding things hard to understand

  • 迟钝的;笨的;理解力差的:

He’s the slowest in the class.

②not very busy; containing little action

  • 不忙碌的;清淡的;冷清的【SYN】 sluggish :

Sales are slow (= not many goods are being sold).

③slow film is not very sensitive to light

  • (胶片)曝光慢的

 

304.behind

①[noun](informal) a person’s bottom. People often say ‘behind’ to avoid saying ‘bottom’.

  • (义同 bottom,委婉说法,即屁股)【SYN】 backside :

The dog bit him on his behind.

②[adv]~ (with / in sth) late in paying money or completing work

  • 拖欠;积压(工作):

She’s fallen behind with the payments.

③[prep]used to say that sth is in sb’s past

  • 成为(某人的)过去:

She has ten years’ useful experience behind her.

 

305.rocket

Noun:

①[C] a firework that goes high into the air and then explodes with coloured lights

  • 焰火;烟花

②[U] (BrE) (NAmE aru∙gula) a plant with long green leaves that have a strong flavour and are eaten raw in salads

  • 大蒜芥;芝麻菜;紫花南芥

Verb:

③[V +adv. / prep.] to move very fast

  • 迅速移动:

The car rocketed out of a side street.

④[VN] to attack a place with rockets

  • 用火箭弹攻击

⑤to achieve or to make sb / sth achieve a successful position very quickly

  • (使)迅速成功,迅速提高地位:

The band rocketed to stardom with their first single.

 

306.double

①[C] a glass of strong alcoholic drink containing twice the usual amount

  • 一杯双份的烈酒:

Two Scotches, please—and make those doubles, will you?

②[C] a person or thing that looks exactly like another

  • 酷似的人;极相似的对应物:

She’s the double of her mother.

③[C] an actor who replaces another actor in a film / movie to do dangerous or other special things

  • (电影中的)替身演员

④[C] = double room :

Is that a single or a double you want?

⑤doubles [U + sing. / pl. v.] a game, especially of tennis , in which one pair plays another

  • 双打(尤指网球):

mixed doubles (= in which each pair consists of a man and a woman)

⑥the double [sing.] the fact of winning two important competitions or beating the same player or team twice, in the same season or year

  • (在同一赛季或年份)双料冠军,两次获胜,两次打败同一对手

 

307.raise

①[VN] to end a restriction on sb / sth

  • 终止,解除(约束):

to raise a blockade / a ban / an embargo / a siege

②[VN] to contact sb and speak to them by radio or telephone

  • (通过无线电或电话)与…取得联系,和…通话:

We managed to raise him on his mobile phone.

③[VN] ~ sb (from sth) to make sb who has died come to life again

  • 使起死回生;使复活【SYN】 resurrect :

Christians believe that God raised Jesus from the dead.

④[VNN] to make a higher bet than another player in a card game

  • 在(另一玩牌人)基础上加注:

I’ll raise you another hundred dollars.

⑤[VN] to multiply an amount by itself a particular number of times

  • 使自乘(若干次):

3 raised to the power of 3 is 27 (= 3 × 3 × 3).

 

308.worry

①[VN] (of a dog 狗) to attack animals, especially sheep, by chasing and / or biting them

  • 攻击,撕咬(动物,尤指羊)

 

309.bitch

①[sing.] (slang) a thing that causes problems or difficulties

  • 棘手的事;难办的事:

Life’s a bitch.

②[sing.] ~ (about sb / sth) (informal) a complaint about sb / sth or a conversation in which you complain about them

  • 怨言;牢骚:

We’ve been having a bitch about our boss.

③~ (about sb / sth) (informal) to make unkind and critical remarks about sb / sth, especially when they are not there

  • 挖苦;(背后)说坏话

 

310.brood

①(humorous) a large family of children

  • 一大家孩子

 

311.fret

①one of the bars on the long thin part of a guitar , etc. Frets show you where to press the strings with your fingers to produce particular sounds.

  • (吉他等指板上定音的)品

②(also ‘sea fret) (NEngE) mist or fog that comes in from the sea

  • (从海上飘来的)雾气,薄雾,雾

 

312.tension

①[C, U] ~ (between A and B) a situation in which the fact that there are different needs or interests causes difficulties

  • 矛盾;对立:

There is often a tension between the aims of the company and the wishes of the employees.

②[U] the state of being stretched tight; the extent to which sth is stretched tight

  • 拉伸;张力;拉紧状态;绷紧程度:

muscular tension

 

313.appropriate

①[VN]to take sth, sb’s ideas, etc. for your own use, especially illegally or without permission

  • 盗用;挪用;占用;侵吞:

He was accused of appropriating club funds.

②[VN]~ sth (for sth) to take or give sth, especially money for a particular purpose

  • 拨(专款等):

Five million dollars has been appropriated for research into the disease.

 

314.mean

①(especially NAmE) likely to become angry or violent

  • 要发怒的;要发狂的:

That’s a mean-looking dog.

②(informal, especially NAmE) very good and skilful

  • 熟练的;出色的:

He’s a mean tennis player.

③(formal) (of a person’s understanding or ability 人的理解力或能力) not very great

  • 平庸的;一般的:

This should be clear even to the meanest intelligence.

④(literary) poor and dirty in appearance

  • 低劣而肮脏的:

mean houses / streets

⑤(old-fashioned) born into or coming from a low social class

  • 出身卑贱的;社会地位低下的

⑥[only before noun] (technical 术语) average; between the highest and the lowest, etc.

  • 平均的;介于中间的:

the mean temperature

 

315.mess

①[sing.] a person who is dirty or whose clothes and hair are not tidy

  • 不整洁(或邋遢、不修边幅)的人:

You’re a mess!

②[sing.] (informal) a person who has serious problems and is in a bad mental condition

  • 有严重问题且精神失常的人

③[U, C] (informal) the excrement (= solid waste matter) of an animal, usually a dog or cat

  • (狗、猫等的)粪便

④[sing.] a ~ of sth (NAmE, informal) a lot of sth

  • 许多;大量:

There’s a mess of fish down there, so get your lines in the water.

⑤[C] (also ‘mess hall especially in NAmE) a building or room in which members of the armed forces have their meals

  • (军队的)食堂,餐厅:

the officers’ mess

⑥[V] to empty its bowels somewhere that it should not

  • 随地便溺

 

316.magazine

①a radio or television programme that is about a particular topic

  • (电视、广播)专题节目:

a regional news magazine on TV

②the part of a gun that holds the bullets before they are fired

  • 弹仓;弹盒;弹盘

③a room or building where weapons, explosives and bullets are stored

  • 弹药库;军火库;军械库

 

317.reaction

①[U] opposition to social or political progress or change

  • 反对;反动;阻碍:

The forces of reaction made change difficult.

 

318.pit

①[C] (especially in compounds 尤用于构成复合词) a deep hole in the ground from which minerals are dug out

  • 矿井:

a chalk / gravel pit

②[C] = coal mine :a place underground where coal is dug

  • 煤矿

③a small shallow hole in the surface of sth, especially a mark left on the surface of the skin by some disease, such as chickenpox

  • 麻子;痘瘢

④(especially NAmE) = stone (especially BrE) a hard shell containing the nut or seed in the middle of some types of fruit

  • 果核:

a peach pit

⑤the pits [pl.] (BrE) (NAmE the pit [C]) a place near the track where cars can stop for fuel, new tyres, etc. during a race

  • (赛车道旁的)修理加油站

⑥(NAmE, informal) = armpit: the part of the body under the arm where it joins the shoulder

  • 腋;腋窝

⑦(NAmE) the area of a stock exchange where a particular product is traded

  • (交易所中某一商品的)交易场所:

the corn pit

 

319.suffer

①[V] to become worse

  • 变差;变糟:

His school work is suffering because of family problems.

 

320.loud

①(of colours, patterns, etc. 颜色、图案等) too bright and lacking good taste

  • 俗艳的;花哨的【SYN】 gaudy , garish

 

321.measure

①[sing.] a particular amount of sth, especially a fairly large amount

  • (一定的)量,程度 【SYN】 degree :

She achieved some measure of success with her first book.

②[C] (especially of alcohol 尤指酒) a standard quantity

  • 标准量:

a generous measure of whisky

 

322.subject

①[C] a person or thing being used to study sth, especially in an experiment

  • 接受试验者;实验对象:

We need male subjects between the ages of 18 and 25 for the experiment

②a person who has the right to belong to a particular country, especially one with a king or queen

  • (尤指君主制国家的)国民,臣民:

a British subject

 

323.slap

①[U] (BrE, informal) = make-up : substances used especially by women to make their faces look more attractive, or used by actors to change their appearance

  • 化妆品:

②[adv]straight, and with great force

  • 猛然;迳直:

Storming out of her room, she went slap into Luke.

③[adv]exactly

  • 恰好;正好:

Their apartment is slap bang in the middle of town.

 

324.can

①[C] a metal or plastic container for holding or carrying liquids

  • (装运液体用的)金属容器,塑料容器:

an oil can

②[C] a metal container in which liquids are kept under pressure and let out in a fine spray when you press a button on the lid

  • 喷雾器:

a can of hairspray

③the can [sing.] (NAmE, slang) prison

  • 班房;监狱;牢房

④the can [sing.] (NAmE, slang) the toilet

  • 茅房;厕所

 

325.master

①[noun](BrE, old-fashioned) a male teacher at a school, especially a private school

  • (尤指私立学校的)男教师:

the physics master

②[noun](often used as an adjective 常用作形容词) a version of a record, tape, film / movie, etc. from which copies are made

  • 母带;母片;原始拷贝:

the master copy

③[adj]the largest and / or most important

  • 最大的;最重要的:

the master bedroom

 

326.relieve

①to make sth less boring, especially by introducing sth different

  • 调剂;使有趣:

We played cards to relieve the boredom of the long wait.

②~ yourself a polite way of referring to going to the toilet

  • (去厕所的一种委婉说法)方便,解手:

I had to relieve myself behind a bush.

③to replace sb who is on duty

  • 接替;给…换班:

You’ll be relieved at one o’clock.

 

327.afford

①(formal) to provide sb with sth

  • 提供;给予:

The programme affords young people the chance to gain work experience.

 

328.hide

①[C, U] an animal’s skin, especially when it is bought or sold or used for leather

  • (尤指买卖或用作皮革的)皮,毛皮:

boots made from buffalo hide

②[sing.] (informal, especially NAmE) used to refer to sb’s life or safety when they are in a difficult situation

  • (困境中的)生命,人身安全:

All he’s worried about is his own hide (= himself).

She’d do anything to save her own hide.

 

329.diet

①[sing.] a ~ of sth (disapproving) a large amount of a restricted range of activities

  • 大量单调的活动;大量单一的东西:

Children today are brought up on a diet of television cartoons and soap operas.

 

330.pop

Noun:

①[C] a short sharp explosive sound

  • (短促清脆的爆裂声)砰:

The cork came out of the bottle with a loud pop.

②[U] (old-fashioned, BrE, informal) a sweet fizzy drink (= with bubbles) that is not alcoholic

  • 汽水

Verb:

③to make a short explosive sound; to cause sth to make this sound

  • (使)发砰砰声:

the sound of corks popping

④to burst, or make sth burst, with a short explosive sound

  • (使)爆裂,发爆裂声:

She jumped as someone popped a balloon behind her.

⑤[V +adv. / prep.] (BrE, informal) to go somewhere quickly, suddenly or for a short time

  • (突然或匆匆)去:

Why don’t you pop in (= visit us) for a drink next time you’re in the area?

⑥[VN +adv. / prep.] (informal, especially BrE) to put sth somewhere quickly, suddenly or for a short time

  • (迅速或突然)放置:

He popped his head around the door and said hello.

⑦[V +adv. / prep.] to suddenly appear, especially when not expected

  • (让人意外地)突然出现;冷不防冒出:

The window opened and a dog’s head popped out.

⑧[V] if your ears pop when you are going up or down in a plane, etc., the pressure in them suddenly changes

  • (乘飞机等升高或降低时)耳压变化;(耳)胀

⑨[V] if your eyes pop or pop out, they suddenly open fully because you are surprised or excited

  • (因激动、惊奇)张大,睁大,瞪起:

Her eyes nearly popped out of her head when she saw them.

⑩[VN] (informal) to take a lot of a drug, regularly

  • (经常)服药,用毒品:

She’s been popping pills for months.

 

331.loser

①a person who suffers because of a particular action, decision, etc.

  • (因某行为、决定等的)受损害者:

The real losers in all of this are the students.

 

332.around

Adv:

①used to describe activities that have no real purpose

  • 闲散地;无目的地:

There were several young people sitting around looking bored.

②present in a place; available

  • 出现;现有;可用:

There was more money around in those days.

I knocked but there was no one around.

③active and well known in a sport, profession, etc.

  • (体育运动、专业等中)走红的,活跃的:

a new tennis champion who could be around for a long time

④(especially NAmE) (BrE usually round) in a circle or curve to face another way or the opposite way

  • 转弯;掉转;掉头:

She turned the car around and drove off.

Prep:

⑤to fit in with particular people, ideas, etc.

  • 同…一致;适合;符合:

I can’t arrange everything around your timetable!

333.ring

Noun:

①[C] a confined area in which animals or people perform or compete, with seats around the outside for the audience

  • 圆形表演场(或竞技场):

a boxing ring

②[C] (especially BrE) a small flat place on a cooker / stove that is heated by gas or electricity and is used for cooking on

  • 炉口;灶盘【SYN】 burner :

to turn off the gas ring

③[C] a group of people who are working together, especially in secret or illegally

  • (尤指秘密的或非法的)团伙,帮派,集团:

a drugs ring

④[sing.] a loud clear sound

  • 清晰的响声:

the ring of horse’s hooves on the cobblestones

⑤[sing.] ~ (of sth) a particular quality that words, sounds, etc. have

  • (言语、声音等的)特性:

His explanation has a ring of truth about it.

Her protestation of innocence had a hollow ring to it (= did not sound

sincere).

The story had a familiar ring to it (= as if I had heard it before).

Verb:

⑥[often passive] ~ sb / sth (with sth) to surround sb / sth

  • 包围;环绕:

Thousands of demonstrators ringed the building.

⑦[V] to be full of a particular quality

  • 充满:

His words rang with pride.

⑧[V] to be uncomfortable and be unable to hear clearly, usually because you have heard a loud noise, etc.

  • 嗡嗡作响:

The music was so loud it made my ears ring.

⑨(especially BrE) to draw a circle around sth

  • 绕…画圆;把…圈起来【SYN】 circle :

Ring the correct answer in pencil.

 

334.base

①[C, usually sing.] the first or main part of a substance to which other things are added

  • 混合物的首要(或主要)成分:

Put some moisturizer on as a base before applying your make-up.

②[C] a chemical substance, for example an alkali , that can combine with an acid to form a salt

  • 硷; 盐基

③[C, usually sing.] a number on which a system of counting and expressing numbers is built up, for example 10 in the decimal system and 2 in the binary system

  • 基数(如十进制的 10 和二进制的 2)

④[C] one of the five positions that a player must reach in order to score points

⑤[Adj](baser, bas∙est) (formal) not having moral principles or rules

  • 卑鄙的;不道德的:

He acted from base motives.

 

335.splash

①[sing.] (BrE, informal) a small amount of liquid that you add to a drink

  • 掺入饮料的少量液体:

coffee with just a splash of milk

②[sing.] an article in a newspaper, etc. that is intended to attract a lot of attention

  • (报章等旨在招徕读者的)重点文章

 

336.marginal

①(of land 土地) that cannot produce enough good crops to make a profit

  • 贫瘠的(因而盈利有限)

②(politics 政) (especially BrE) won or lost by a very small number of votes and therefore very important or interesting as an indication of public opinion

  • 以相差无几的票数获胜(或失败)的;边缘的:

a marginal seat / constituency

③[Noun](BrE) a seat in a parliament, on a local council, etc. that was won by a very small number of votes

  • (议会或地方委员会的)边缘席位:

a Labour marginal

 

337.college

①[C + sing. / pl. v.] the teachers and / or students of a college

  • (学院的)师生,教师,学生

②[C] (especially in names, in Britain and some other countries) a secondary school , especially one where you must pay

  • (尤指必须交费的)中学,公学:

Eton College

③[C] (usually in names 通常用于名称) an organized group of professional people with special interests, duties or powers

  • 学会;协会;社团:

the Royal College of Physicians

 

338.hawk

①[VN] to try to sell things by going from place to place asking people to buy them

  • 沿街叫卖【SYN】 peddle

②[V VN] to get phlegm in your mouth when you cough

  • 咳痰

 

339.help

①[VN] ~ yourself to sth (informal, disapproving) to take sth without permission

  • 擅自拿走;窃取【SYN】 steal :

He’d been helping himself to the money in the cash register.

②the help [U + sing. / pl. v.] (especially NAmE) the person or people who are employed by sb to clean their house, etc.

  • 仆人

 

340.dominate

①[VN] to be the most important or noticeable feature of sth

  • 在…中具有最重要(或明显)的特色:

The train crash dominated the news.

②[VN] to be the largest, highest or most obvious thing in a place

  • 在…中拥有最重要的位置;俯视;高耸于:

The cathedral dominates the city.

341.advisory

①(NAmE) an official warning that sth bad is going to happen

  • 警报:

a tornado advisory

 

342.roll

Noun:

①[C] an area of too much fat on your body, especially around your waist

  • 脂肪堆积的部位,肥胖的部位(尤指腰部):

Rolls of fat hung over his belt.

②[C] an official list of names

  • 花名册;名单:

The chairman called / took the roll (= called out the names on a list to check that everyone was present).

③[C] ~ (of sth) a deep continuous sound

  • 隆隆声;持续的轰鸣声:

the distant roll of thunder

④[C] ~ (of sth) (NAmE) a paper tube wrapped around sweets / candy, etc.

  • 一管:

a roll of mints

Verb

⑤[VN] to make sth flat by pushing sth heavy over it

  • 使平坦;压平:

Roll the pastry on a floured surface.

⑥to move or make sth move from side to side

  • (使)摇摆,摇晃:

He walked with a rolling gait.

⑦to make a long continuous sound

  • 发出持续的声音:

rolling drums

⑧when a machine rolls or sb rolls it, it operates

  • 启动;开动

They had to repeat the scene because the cameras weren’t rolling.

 

343.shift

Verb:

①[VN] to remove sth such as a dirty mark

  • 去除(污迹等)【SYN】 get rid of :

a detergent that shifts even the most stubborn stains

②[VN] to sell goods, especially goods that are difficult to sell

  • 销售,出售(尤指销路不好的商品):

They cut prices drastically to try and shift stock.

③[V] (NAmE) to change the gears when you are driving a vehicle

  • 换(挡):

to shift into second gear

Noun:

④[C] a woman’s simple straight dress

  • 直筒式连衣裙

⑤[C] a simple straight piece of clothing worn by women in the past as underwear

  • (旧时妇女穿的)直筒式内衣

 

344.first

①used to emphasize that you are determined not to do sth

  • (强调不愿意)宁可,宁愿:

She swore that she wouldn’t apologize—she’d die first!

②[C, usually sing.] an achievement, event, etc., never done or experienced before

  • 空前的成就;前所未有的事情:

We went on a cruise, a first for both of us.

③(also 7first ‘gear) [U] the lowest gear on a car, bicycle, etc. that you use when you are moving slowly

  • (汽车、自行车等的)头挡,最低挡:

He stuck the car in first and revved.

④[C] ~ (in sth) the highest level of university degree at British universities

  • (英国大学学位)最高成绩,优等成绩:

She got a first in maths at Exeter.

 

345.beggar

①(BrE, informal) used with an adjective to describe sb in a particular way

  • (与形容词连用)家伙:

Aren’t you dressed yet, you lazy beggar?

②to make sb / sth very poor

  • 使贫穷;使匮乏:

Why should I beggar myself for you?

 

346.flow

Noun:

①~ (of sth) the continuous production or supply of sth

  • 持续生产;不断供应:

the flow of goods and services to remote areas

②continuous talk by sb

  • 滔滔不绝:

You’ve interrupted my flow—I can’t remember what I was saying.

As usual, Tom was in full flow.

③~ of sth the way that words and ideas are linked together in speech or writing

  • 连贯;流畅:

Too many examples can interrupt the smooth flow of the text

Verb

④to develop or be produced in an easy and natural way

  • 流畅:

Conversation flowed freely throughout the meal.

⑤to be available easily and in large amounts

  • 有的是;大量供应:

It was obvious that money flowed freely in their family.

⑥[+adv. / prep.] to be felt strongly by sb

  • 强烈感到:

Fear and excitement suddenly flowed over me.

⑦~ (down / over sth) to hang loosely and freely

  • 飘垂;飘拂:

Her hair flowed down over her shoulders.

⑧(of the tide in the sea / ocean 海潮) to come in towards the land

  • 涨;涨潮

 

347.water

①waters [pl.] murky, uncharted, stormy, dangerous, etc. ~ used to describe a situation, usually one that is difficult, dangerous or not familiar

  • 不明朗(或未知的、困难、危险等)局面:

The conversation got into the murky waters of jealousy and relationships.

 

348.wind

①(BrE) (NAmE gas) [U] air that you swallow with food or drink; gas that is produced in your stomach or intestines that makes you feel uncomfortable

  • (随食物或饮料)吞下的气;胃气;肠气:

I can’t eat beans—they give me wind.

②[U] breath that you need when you do exercise or blow into a musical instrument

  • (运动或吹奏乐器时的)呼吸:

I need time to get my wind back after that run.

③[U + sing. / pl. v.] the group of musical instruments in an orchestra that produce sounds when you blow into them; the musicians who play those instruments

  • (管弦乐团的)管乐器,管乐器组:

music for wind and strings

④[usually passive] to make sb unable to breathe easily for a short time

  • 使喘不过气来;使喘大气:

He was momentarily winded by the blow to his stomach.

⑤(BrE) to gently hit or rub a baby’s back to make it burp (= release gas from its stomach through its mouth)

  • (给婴儿轻轻拍抚后背)使嗳气【SYN】 burp

⑥[VN] to turn a handle several times

  • 转动(把手):

You operate the trapdoor by winding this handle.

⑦~ (sth) forward / back to operate a tape, film, etc. so that it moves nearer to its ending or starting position

  • 卷绕,倒(磁带、胶卷等):

He wound the tape back to the beginning.

⑧~ (sth) (up) to make a clock or other piece of machinery work by turning a knob , handle, etc. several times; to be able to be made to work in this way

  • 给(钟表等)上发条;(通过转动把手等)操作;可上发条;可通过转动把手(等)操作:

He had forgotten to wind his watch.

 

349.hole

①[C, usually sing.] (informal, disapproving) an unpleasant place to live or be in

  • 糟糕的住所(或处所)【SYN】 dump :

I am not going to bring up my child in this hole.

②[C, usually pl.] a fault or weakness in sth such as a plan, law or story

  • (计划、法律或报道等的)错误,缺陷,漏洞:

He was found not guilty because of holes in the prosecution case.

③~ (out) to hit a golf ball into the hole

  • 击球入洞:

She holed a 25 foot putt.

 

350.band

①[C + sing. / pl. v.] a group of people who do sth together or who have the same ideas

  • 一伙人;一帮人:

a band of outlaws

②(also wave∙band) [C] a range of radio waves

  • 频带;波段:

Short-wave radio uses the 20-50 metre band.

③[C] a range of numbers, ages, prices, etc. within which people or things are counted or measured

  • (数目、年龄、价格等的)范围,段:

the 25-35 age band

④[verb]to put a band of a different colour or material around sth

  • 加彩条(或嵌条等):

Many insects are banded black and yellow.

⑤[verb](BrE) to be organized into bands of price, income, etc.

  • (将价格、收入等)划分档次,分等级:

Tax is banded according to income.

 

351.edge

①[C] the sharp part of a blade, knife or sword that is used for cutting

  • 刀口;刀刃;利刃:

Be careful—it has a sharp edge.

②[sing.] ~ (on / over sb / sth) a slight advantage over sb / sth

  • (微弱的)优势:

The company needs to improve its competitive edge.

③[sing.] a strong, often exciting, quality

  • 锐利;敏锐;尖锐:

Her show now has a hard political edge to it.

④[sing.] a sharp tone of voice, often showing anger

  • 尖刻的声调;愤怒的语气:

He did his best to remain calm, but there was a distinct edge to his voice.

⑤[+adv. / prep.] to move or to move sth slowly and carefully in a particular direction

  • (使)徐徐移动,渐渐移动:

▪ [V]

She edged a little closer to me.

⑥[V +adv. / prep.] to increase or decrease slightly

  • 略为增加(或减少):

Prices edged up 2% in the year to December.

 

352.crack

①[V] if your voice cracks, it changes in depth, volume, etc. suddenly and in a way that you cannot control

  • (突然)变嘶哑,变沙哑:

In a voice cracking with emotion, he told us of his son’s death.

②[V] to no longer be able to function normally because of pressure

  • (因压力而)吃不消,崩溃,瓦解:

Things are terrible at work and people are cracking under the strain.

③[VN] to find the solution to a problem, etc. ; to find the way to do sth difficult

  • 找到解决(难题等的)方法:

to crack the enemy’s code

④[VN] to find a way of stopping or defeating a criminal or an enemy

  • 阻止,打击,击败,战胜(罪犯或敌人):

Police have cracked a major drugs ring.

⑤[VN] ~ (open) a bottle (informal) to open a bottle, especially of wine, and drink it

  • 开瓶;(尤指)开瓶饮酒

⑥[VN] ~ a joke (informal) to tell a joke

  • 说(笑话);开(玩笑)

⑦[C] ~ (at sth) | ~ (at doing sth) (informal) an occasion when you try to do sth

  • 尝试;试做【SYN】 attempt :

She hopes to have another crack at the world record this year.

⑧(also 7crack co’caine) [U] a powerful, illegal drug that is a form of cocaine

  • 强效可卡因;强力古柯硷:

a crack addict

⑨[C] (informal) a joke, especially a critical one

  • (尤指挖苦人的)玩笑,俏皮话:

He made a very unfair crack about her looks.

⑩(also craic) [U, sing.] (IrishE, informal) a good time; friendly, enjoyable talk

  • 好时光;友好愉快的交谈:

Where’s the crack tonight?

 

353.liability

①[C, usually sing.] (informal) a person or thing that causes you a lot of problems

  • 惹麻烦的人(或事):

Since his injury, Jones has become more of a liability than an asset to the team.

 

354.heartbeat

①[sing.] the ~ of sth (NAmE) an important feature of sth, that is responsible for making it what it is

  • 重要特征;中心:

The candidate said that he understood the heartbeat of the Hispanic community in California.

 

355.deadly

①[only before noun] extreme; complete

  • 极度的;十足的;彻底的:

I’m in deadly earnest.

②extremely effective, so that no defence is possible

  • 非常有效的;无法防御的:

His aim is deadly (= so accurate that he can kill easily).

③(informal) very boring

  • 枯燥的;令人厌烦的:

The lecture was absolutely deadly.

 

356.outside

①[adj]used to say that sth is very unlikely

  • 不可能的;可能性极小的:

They have only an outside chance of winning.

150 is an outside estimate (= it is very likely to be less).

②[prep]outside of apart from

  • 除了:

There was nothing they could do, outside of hoping things would get better.

 

357.number

①[C] (BrE) the version of a magazine, etc. published on a particular day, in a particular month, etc.

  • 期;号【SYN】 issue :

the October number of ‘Vogue’

②[C] a song or dance, especially one of several in a performance

  • 一首歌,一段舞蹈(尤指演出的节目):

They sang a slow romantic number.

③[sing.] (informal) (following one or more adjectives) a thing, such as a dress or a car, that is admired

  • 令人羡慕的东西:

She was wearing a black velvet number.

 

358.low

①not high at the neck

  • 领口开得低的:

a dress with a low neckline

②having a reduced amount or not enough of sth

  • (数量等)减少的,缩减的;不足的:

Our supplies are running low (= we only have a little left).

They were low on fuel.

③weak or depressed; with very little energy

  • 虚弱的;沮丧的;消沉的;无精打采的【SYN】 down :

I’m feeling really low.

④[usually before noun] not very good

  • 不好的;差的【SYN】 poor :

She has a very low opinion of her own abilities.

⑤(of a person 人) not honest

  • 不诚实;不正直的【SYN】 disreputable :

He mixes with some pretty low types.

⑥not bright

  • 暗淡的;微弱的【SYN】 dim :

The lights were low and romance was in the air.

⑦if a vehicle is in low gear, it travels at a slower speed in relation to the speed of the engine

  • 低速挡的

 

359.block

①[C] (BrE) a tall building that contains flats or offices; buildings that form part of a school, hospital, etc. which are used for a particular purpose

  • (公寓、办公、教学、医院等)大楼;(成组建筑中的)一栋楼房:

a tower block

a block of flats

②[C] (especially NAmE) a large area of land

  • 一大片土地

③[C] (AustralE) an area of land for building a house on

  • 房基地;宅基地

④[C] a quantity of sth or an amount of time that is considered as a single unit

  • (东西的)一批,一组;(时间的)一段:

(BrE) The theatre gives discounts for block bookings (= a large number of tickets bought at the same time).

⑤the blocks [pl.] = starting blocks

  • 起跑器

⑥the block [sing.] (in the past) the piece of wood on which a person’s head was cut off as a punishment

  • (古代斩首用的)垫头木

 

360.spring

①[U, sing.] a cheerful, lively quality

  • 活力;朝气:

She walked along with a spring in her step.

②[C] a quick sudden jump upwards or forwards

  • 跳;跃:

With a spring, the cat leapt on to the table.

③[VN] ~ sth (on sb) to do sth, ask sth or say sth that sb is not expecting

  • 突如其来地做;冷不防地问;突然说:

She sprang a surprise by winning the tournament.

I’m sorry to spring it on you, but I’ve been offered another job.

④[V +adv. / prep.] to appear or come somewhere suddenly

  • 突然出现(或来到):

Tears sprang to her eyes.

⑤[VN] (informal) to help a prisoner to escape

  • 帮助…逃跑(或越狱);营救:

Plans to spring the hostages have failed.

 

361.spot

Noun:

①[usually pl.] a small mark or lump on a person’s skin, sometimes with a yellow head to it

  • (皮肤上的)丘疹,疱疹,粉刺;脓疱:

The baby’s whole body was covered in small red spots.

(BrE) teenagers worried about their spots

②[usually sing.] ~ of sth (BrE, informal) a small amount of sth

  • 少量;一点【SYN】 bit :

He’s in a spot of trouble.

③[usually pl.] ~ (of sth) a small amount of a liquid

  • 几滴,少许(液体):

I felt a few spots of rain.

④a part of a television, radio, club or theatre show that is given to a particular entertainer or type of entertainment

  • (电视、广播中或俱乐部、剧院演出中)某演员的固定节目,某类节目的固定栏目:

a guest / solo spot

⑤a position in a competition or an event

  • 排名位置:

two teams battling for top spot

⑥(informal) = spotlight

  • 聚光灯:

Verb:

⑦[VNN] (NAmE) (sport 体) to give your opponent or the other team an advantage

  • (对比赛对手)让分,让子,让步:

We spotted the opposing team ten goals.

Adj:

⑧(business 商) connected with a system of trading where goods are delivered and paid for immediately after sale

  • 现货交易的;立即支付的:

spot prices

 

362.deal

Verb:

①~ (sth) (out) | ~ (sth) (to sb) to give cards to each player in a game of cards

  • 发牌:

Whose turn is it to deal?

②to buy and sell illegal drugs

  • 贩卖毒品;贩毒:

You can often see people dealing openly on the streets.

Noun:

③[C, usually sing.] the way that sb / sth is treated

  • 待遇:

If elected, the party has promised a new deal (= better and fairer treatment) for teachers.

We tried to ensure that everyone got a fair deal.

It was a square deal for everyone.

④[C, usually sing.] the action of giving out cards to the players

  • 发牌:

It’s your deal.

⑤[U] (especially BrE) the soft pale wood of fir or pine trees, especially when it is cut into boards for making things

  • 冷杉木;松木板:

a deal table

 

363.game

①[sing.] sb’s ~ the way in which sb plays a game

  • 比赛时用的手法;比赛技巧:

Hendry raised his game to collect the £40 000 first prize.

②games [pl.] (old-fashioned, BrE) sport as a lesson or an activity at school

  • (学校的)体育课,体育活动:

I always hated games at school.

③[C] a section of some games, such as tennis , which forms a unit in scoring

  • (网球等比赛的)一局,一场:

two games all (= both players have won two games)

④[C] a type of activity or business

  • 行当;行业;职业:

I’m new to this game myself.

Getting dirty was all part of the game to the kids.

⑤[C] (informal) a secret and clever plan; a trick

  • 诡计;策略;花招:

So that’s his game (= now I know what he has been planning).

⑥[U] wild animals or birds that people hunt for sport or food

  • 猎物;野禽;野味

⑦[adj] ~ (for sth / to do sth) ready and willing to do sth new, difficult or dangerous

  • 甘愿尝试;有冒险精神:

She’s game for anything.

 

364.blow

①[VN] ~ your nose to clear your nose by blowing strongly through it into a handkerchief

  • 擤(鼻子)

②[VN VNN] ~ (sb) a kiss to kiss your hand and then pretend to blow the kiss towards sb

  • (向某人)送飞吻

③[V VN] if a fuse blows or you blow a fuse , the electricity stops flowing suddenly because the fuse (= a thin wire) has melted because the current was too strong

  • (使保险丝)熔化,烧断

④[VN] (informal) to make known sth that was secret

  • 泄露;暴露:

One mistake could blow your cover (= make your real name, job, intentions, etc. known).

⑤[VN] ~ sth (on sth) (informal) to spend or waste a lot of money on sth

  • (在某事物上)花大钱,挥霍:

He inherited over a million dollars and blew it all on drink and gambling.

⑥[VN] (informal) to waste an opportunity

  • 浪费(机会):

She blew her chances by arriving late for the interview.

⑦[VN] (BrE, informal) used to show that you are annoyed, surprised or do not care about sth

  • (表示生气、吃惊或不在乎):

Blow it! We’ve missed the bus.

⑧(NAmE, slang) to leave a place suddenly

  • 突然离开(某地):

Let’s blow this joint.

[Noun]⑨~ (to sb / sth) a sudden event which has damaging effects on sb / sth, causing sadness or disappointment

  • 打击;挫折:

Losing his job came as a terrible blow to him.

[exclamation ]⑩(old-fashioned, BrE) used to show that you are annoyed about sth

  • (表示厌烦):

Blow! I completely forgot it.

 

365.shot1

①[C] a good, bad, etc. ~ a person who shoots a gun in a particular way (well, badly, etc.)

  • 优秀(或不高明等的)射手,枪手,炮手

②(also lead ‘shot) [U] a large number of small metal balls that you fire together from a shotgun

  • 铅沙弹

③[C] (pl. shot) a large stone or metal ball that was shot from a cannon or large gun in the past

  • (旧时用大炮发射的石质或金属的)弹丸

④[C] a remark or an action that is usually one of a series, and is aimed against sb / sth that you are arguing or competing with

  • (针对对手、多为一系列之一的)一席话,一击:

This statement was the opening shot in the argument.

⑤[C, usually sing.] ~ (at sth / at doing sth) (informal) the act of trying to do or achieve sth

  • 尝试;努力:

Just give it your best shot (= try as hard as you can) and you’ll be fine.

I’ve never produced a play before but I’ll have a shot at it.

⑥(often the shot) [sing.] the heavy ball that is used in the sports competition called the shot-put

  • 铅球

⑦[C] a photograph

  • 照片:

I got some good shots of people at the party.

⑧[C] (informal, especially NAmE) a small amount of a drug that is put into your body using a syringe

  • 注射【SYN】 injection :

a flu shot (= to protect you against flu)

⑨[C] (informal) a small amount of a drink, especially a strong alcoholic one

  • 少量饮料;(尤指)少量烈酒:

a shot of whisky

⑩[sing.] (used with numbers 与数字连用) a horse, dog, etc. that has the particular chance of winning a race that is mentioned

  • 有…获胜可能的马(或狗):

The horse is a 10–1 shot.

 

366.shot2

Adj:

①~ (with sth) (of cloth, hair, etc. 织物、毛发等) having another colour showing through or mixed with the main colour

  • 杂色的;闪色的:

shot silk

②[not before noun] (informal) in a very bad condition; destroyed

  • 破烂不堪;筋疲力尽;毁坏:

The brakes on this car are shot.

After the accident his nerves were shot to pieces.

 

367.fence

Noun:

①a structure that horses must jump over in a race or a competition

  • (障碍赛马中的)障碍物

②(informal) a criminal who buys and sells stolen goods

  • 买卖赃物者;销赃犯

Verb

③[V] to take part in the sport of fencing

  • 参加击剑运动

④[V] ~ (with sb) to speak to sb in a clever way in order to gain an advantage in the conversation

  • 搪塞;支吾;回避

 

368.board

①[C] used in the name of some organizations

  • 用于机构名称:

the Welsh Tourist Board (= responsible for giving tourist information)

②boards [pl.] (old-fashioned, US) exams that you take when you apply to go to college in the US

  • (美国大学的)入学考试

③the boards [pl.] (old-fashioned, informal) the stage in a theatre

  • 舞台:

His play is on the boards on Broadway.

④the boards [pl.] (NAmE) the low wooden wall surrounding the area where a game of ice hockey is played

  • (冰球场周围的)界墙:

The puck went wide, hitting the boards.

 

 

369.lot

①[C] an item or a number of items to be sold, especially at an auction

  • 待售商品;(尤指)拍卖品:

Lot 46: one chairs

②[C] an area of land used for a particular purpose

  • (作某种用途的)一块地,场地:

a parking lot

③[sing.] a person’s luck or situation in life

  • 命运;生活状况【SYN】 destiny :

She was feeling dissatisfied with her lot.

 

370.monkey

①(BrE, slang) £500

  • * 500 英镑

 

371.spoil

①[VN] ~ sb / yourself to make sb / yourself happy by doing sth special

  • 善待;格外关照:

Why not spoil yourself with a weekend in a top hotel?

Noun:

②the spoils [pl.] (formal or literary) goods taken from a place by thieves or by an army that has won a battle or war

  • 赃物;战利品;掠夺物

③spoils [pl.] the profits or advantages that sb gets from being successful

  • 成功所带来的好处;权力地位的连带利益:

the spoils of high office

④[U] (technical 术语) waste material that is brought up when a hole is dug, etc.

  • (开掘等时挖出的)弃土,废石方

 

372.stalk

①[V +adv. / prep.] to walk in an angry or proud way

  • 怒冲冲地走;趾高气扬地走:

He stalked off without a word.

②to move through a place in an unpleasant or threatening way

  • 令人厌恶地穿过;威胁地通过:

The gunmen stalked the building, looking for victims.

 

373.ride

①[usually +adv. / prep.] to float or be supported on water or air

  • 漂浮;飘浮:

We watched the balloon riding high above the fields.

②[VN] (NAmE) to criticize or tease sb in an annoying way

  • 数落;嘲弄:

Why is everybody riding me today?

③(NAmE) (BrE lift) [C] a free ride in a car, etc. to a place you want to get to

  • 免费搭车;搭便车:

 

374.post

①[VN] ~ bail / (a) bond (especially NAmE) to pay money to a court so that a person accused of a crime can go free until their trial

  • 交付(保释金):

She was released after posting $100 cash bond and her driver’s license.

②the post [sing.] the place where a race finishes, especially in horse racing

  • (尤指赛马的)终点,终点标志

③[C, usually sing.] = goalpost :

  • 球门柱

The ball hit the post and bounced in.

 

375.stick

①sb can stick sth (informal) ▪ [VN]

  • used to say in a rude and angry way that you are not interested in what sb has, offers, does, etc.
  • (无礼或生气地表示)对…不感兴趣:

I got sick of my boss’s moaning and told him he could stick the job.

②(BrE, informal) (usually used in negative sentences and questions 通常用于否定句和疑问句) to accept a difficult or unpleasant situation or person

  • 容忍;忍受【SYN】 stand :

I don’t know how you stick that job.

③[V] to become accepted

  • 被接受;被证明成立:

The police couldn’t make the charges stick (= show them to be true).

His friends called him Bart and the name has stuck (= has become the

name that everyone calls him).

④[V] to not take any more cards

  • 不再要牌

Noun:
⑤[U] (BrE, informal) criticism or severe words

  • 批评;指责:

The referee got a lot of stick from the home fans.

⑥the sticks [pl.] (informal) country areas, a long way from cities

  • 边远乡村地区:

We live out in the sticks.

⑦[C] (old-fashioned, BrE, informal) a person

  • 人;家伙:

He’s not such a bad old stick.

 

376.performance

①[sing.] (informal, especially BrE) an act that involves a lot of effort or trouble, sometimes when it is not necessary

  • (不必要的)麻烦,忙乱【SYN】 carry-on :

It’s such a performance getting the children off to school in the morning.

 

377.cause

①[C] (law 律) a case that goes to court

  • 诉讼案

 

378.sound

①[sing.] the ~ of sth the idea or impression that you get of sb / sth from what sb says or what you read

  • 印象;感觉:

They had a wonderful time by the sound of it.

From the sound of things you were lucky to find him.

They’re consulting a lawyer? I don’t like the sound of that.

②[C] (often in place names 常用于地名) a narrow passage of water that joins two larger areas of water

  • 海峡;海湾

③[VN V] (technical 术语) to measure the depth of the sea or a lake by using a line with a weight attached, or an electronic instrument

  • 测(海或湖的)深度

④[adj]severe

  • 严厉的;重的:

⑤[adj][only before noun] good and thorough

  • 透彻的;完备的;全面的:

He has a sound grasp of the issues.

 

379.ear

①[C] the top part of a grain plant, such as wheat , that contains the seeds

  • (谷类植物的)穗:

ears of corn

 

380.walk

①[V] (informal) to disappear; to be taken away

  • 不翼而飞;被盗走:

Lock up any valuables. Things tend to walk here (= be stolen).

②[V] (literary) (of a ghost 鬼魂) to appear

  • 出现;出没;显灵

 

 

381.buy

①[VN] [usually passive] to obtain sth by losing sth else of great value

  • (争取或付出一定代价以)获得,赢得

Her fame was bought at the expense of her marriage.

②[VN] (informal) to believe that sth is true, especially sth that is not very likely

  • 相信(尤指不大可能的事):

You could say you were ill but I don’t think they’d buy it (= accept the explanation).

 

382.drag

①[V] (of time or an event 时间或活动) to pass very slowly

  • 过得很慢;拖沓地进行:

Time dragged terribly.

②[VN] ~ sth (for sb / sth) to search the bottom of a river, lake, etc. with nets or hooks

  • 用网(或鈎)搜索(河或湖底):

They dragged the canal for the missing children.

Noun:
③[sing.] (informal) a boring person or thing; sth that is annoying

  • 令人厌烦的人;乏味无聊的事:

He’s such a drag.

④[sing.] a ~ on sb / sth (informal) a person or thing that makes progress difficult

  • 累赘;拖累;绊脚石:

He came to be seen as a drag on his own party’s prospects.

⑤[C] (informal) an act of breathing in smoke from a cigarette, etc.

  • 抽一口;吸一口【SYN】 draw :

She took a long drag on her cigarette.

⑥[U] (informal) clothes that are usually worn by the opposite sex (usually women’s clothes worn by men)

  • 异性服装(通常指男子穿的女装):

a drag queen (= a man who dresses in women’s clothes, usually in order to entertain people)

⑦[U] the force of the air that acts against the movement of an aircraft or other vehicle

  • (作用于飞机或其他运载工具的)空气阻力

 

383.work

Verb:

①[VN] ~ sth (into sth) to make a material into a particular shape or form by pressing, stretching, hitting it, etc.

  • (通过压挤、拉长、锤击等)使成形,使定形:

to work clay

②[V] ~ (in / with sth) (of an artist, etc. 艺术家等) to use a particular material to produce a picture or other item

  • 用某种材料作画(或编制、编织等):

an artist working in oils

③[V] (formal) to move violently

  • 抽动;抽搐;颤动:

He stared at me in horror, his mouth working.

④to move or pass to a particular place or state, usually gradually

  • (逐渐地)移动(到某位置);(逐步)变成(某状态):

The screw had worked loose.

He worked his way to the top of his profession.

Noun:

⑤works [pl.] (often in compounds 常构成复合词) activities involving building or repairing sth

  • 建;修;修建:

roadworks

⑥works (pl. works) [C + sing. / pl. v.] (often in compounds 常构成复合词) a place where things are made or industrial processes take place

  • 工厂:

an engineering works

⑦the works [pl.] the moving parts of a machine, etc.

  • (机器等的)活动部件【SYN】 mechanism

⑧the works [pl.] (informal) everything

  • 所有的事物;全套物品:

We went to the chip shop and had the works: fish, chips, gherkins, mushy peas.

 

384.class

①[U] an elegant quality or a high level of skill that is impressive

  • 优雅;典雅;高超:

She has class all right—she looks like a model.

②[adj][only before noun] (informal) very good

  • 很好的;优秀的;出色的:

a class player / performer

 

385.lift

①[VN] to transport people or things by air

  • 空运:

The survivors were lifted to safety by helicopter.

②[VN] to remove or end restrictions

  • 解除,撤销,停止(限制):

to lift a ban / curfew / blockade

③to become or make sb more cheerful

  • 高兴起来;使更愉快:

His heart lifted at the sight of her.

④[V] to rise and disappear

  • 消散;消失【SYN】 disperse :

The fog began to lift.

⑤[VN] ~ sth (from sb / sth) (informal) to steal sth

  • 偷盗;盗窃:

He had been lifting electrical goods from the store where he worked.

⑥[VN] to use sb’s ideas or words without asking permission or without saying where they come from

  • 剽窃;盗用;抄袭【SYN】 plagiarize :

She lifted most of the ideas from a book she had been reading.

⑦[VN] to dig up vegetables or plants from the ground

  • 挖出,刨出,拔起(蔬菜或植物):

to lift potatoes

 

386.purchase

①[U, sing.] (technical 术语) a firm hold on sth with the hands or feet, for example when you are climbing

  • 握紧;抓牢;蹬稳【SYN】 grip :

»She tried to get a purchase on the slippery rock.

 

387.touch

①[VN] (old-fashioned or formal) to affect or concern sb / sth

  • 影响;与…有关:

These are issues that touch us all.

②[VN] (usually in negative sentences 通常用于否定句) to be as good as sb in skill, quality, etc.

  • 与…媲美;比得上;抵得过:

No one can touch him when it comes to interior design.

③[VN] to be seen on sb’s face for a short time

  • (在脸上)闪现,掠过:

A smile touched the corners of his mouth.

Noun:

④[C, usually sing.] ~ of sth a very small amount

  • 一点儿;少许【SYN】 trace :

There was a touch of sarcasm in her voice.

⑤a touch [sing.] slightly; a little

  • 轻微;稍许:

The music was a touch too loud for my liking.

⑥[U] the area outside the lines that mark the sides of the playing field

  • 边线以外的区域:

He kicked the ball into touch.

⑦[sing.] a way or style of doing sth

  • 作风;风格;手法:

She prefers to answer any fan mail herself for a more personal touch.

 

388.film

①[U] moving pictures of real events, shown for example on television

  • 新闻片【SYN】 footage :

The accident was captured / caught on film.

②[U, C] thin plastic that is sensitive to light, used for taking photographs and making films / movies; a roll of this plastic, used in cameras

  • 胶片;胶卷;底片:

a roll of film

③[C, usually sing.] ~ (of sth) a thin layer of sth, usually on the surface of sth else

  • 薄薄的一层;薄膜【SYN】 coat , coating , layer :

Everything was covered in a film of dust.

 

389.clutch

①a ~ of sth [sing.] (BrE) a group of people, animals or things

  • 一群(人或动物);一批(物品):

He’s won a whole clutch of awards.

②clutches [pl.] (informal) power or control

  • 势力范围;控制;掌管:

He managed to escape from their clutches.

③[C] a group of eggs that a bird lays at one time; the young birds that come out of a group of eggs at the same time

  • (一次下的)一窝蛋;(同时孵出的)一窝小鸟

④[C] (NAmE) = clutch bag: a small, flat bag that women carry in their hands, especially on formal occasions

  • (尤指出席正式场合时用的)女式小手提包

 

390.line

①[C, usually sing.] a series of people, things or events that follow one another in time

  • 按时间顺序排列的人(或物、事件);家系;家族:

She came from a long line of doctors.

②[C, usually sing.] a series of people in order of importance

  • 一系列按重要性排列的人:

to be next in line to the throne

③[C] the words spoken by an actor in a play or film / movie

  • (戏剧或电影的)台词,对白:

to learn your lines

④[C] (informal) a remark, especially when sb says it to achieve a particular purpose

  • (尤指为达到某种目的说的)话,言语:

(BrE) That’s the worst chat-up line I’ve ever heard.

⑤[C, usually sing.] an attitude or a belief, especially one that sb states publicly

  • (尤指公开表明的)态度,看法:

The government is taking a firm line on terrorism.

⑥[C] a method or way of doing or thinking about sth

  • 方法;方式:

She decided to try a different line of argument (= way of persuading sb of sth).

⑦[sing.] a type or area of business, activity or interest

  • 行业;活动的范围:

My line of work pays pretty well.

⑧[C] a type of product

  • 种类;类型:

Some lines sell better than others.

⑨[C] (often used in names 常用于名称) a company that provides transport for people or goods

  • 运输公司;航运公司:

a shipping / bus line

⑩[C] (slang) an amount of cocaine that is spread out in a thin line, ready to take

  • (准备吸用的)散放成一条细线的可卡因

 

391.colour

①[U] interesting and exciting details or qualities

  • 趣味;乐趣:

The old town is full of colour and attractions.

②colours [pl.] (especially BrE) a flag, badge , etc. that represents a team, country, ship, etc.

  • (代表团队、国家、船等的)旗帜,徽章:

Most buildings had a flagpole with the national colours flying.

Verb:
③[V] ~ (at sth) (of a person or their face 人或其面孔) to become red with embarrassment

  • (因尴尬而)脸红【SYN】 blush :

She coloured at his remarks.

④[VN] to affect sth, especially in a negative way

  • (尤指负面地)影响:

This incident coloured her whole life.

 

392.ground

①grounds [pl.] the small pieces of solid matter in a liquid that have fallen to the bottom

  • 渣滓;沉淀物:

coffee grounds

②(NAmE) (BrE earth) [C, usually sing.] a wire that connects an electric circuit with the ground and makes it safe

  • (接)地线

③[C] a background that a design is painted or printed on

  • (绘画或印刷的)背景,底子:

pink roses on a white ground

④[verb][VN] [usually passive] to punish a child by not allowing them to go out with their friends for a period of time

  • 罚(儿童)不准出门:

You’re grounded for a week!

⑤[adj] (of food 食物) cut or crushed into very small pieces or powder

  • 磨细的;磨碎的:

ground coffee

 

393.feed

①[U] (NAmE) television programmes that are sent from a central station to other stations in a network; the system of sending out these programmes

  • (电视中心台)网络供给节目系统:

network feed

②[U] material supplied to a machine

  • (机器的)进料

③[C] a pipe, device, etc. which supplies a machine with sth

  • (机器的)进料装置,进料器:

the cold feed to the water cylinder

 

394.blast

①[C] (used especially in newspapers 尤用于报章) strong criticism

  • 严厉的批评;激烈的抨击:

Blast for prison governors in judge’s report.

②[sing.] (especially NAmE) a very enjoyable experience that is a lot of fun

  • 热闹的聚会;狂欢:

The party was a blast.

③[C] a sudden strong movement of air

  • 突如其来的强劲气流:

the wind’s icy blasts

Verb:

④[VN] (informal) to hit or kick sb / sth with a lot of force

  • 狠打;猛踢:

He blasted the ball past the goalie.

⑤[VN] to direct air, water, etc. at sb / sth with a lot of force

  • 向…猛吹;(用水)向…喷射:

Police blasted the demonstrators with water cannons.

⑥[VN] [usually passive] to destroy sth such as a plant with disease, cold, heat, etc.

  • 使(植物等)毁于疾病(或寒冷、酷热等):

Their whole crop had been blasted by a late frost.

⑦(exclamation)(informal, especially BrE) people sometimes say Blast! when they are annoyed about sth

  • (恼怒时说)该死,倒霉:

Oh blast! The car won’t start.

 

395.fare

①[C] a passenger in a taxi

  • 出租车乘客; 计程车乘客:

The taxi driver picked up a fare at the station.

②[U] (old-fashioned) or(formal) food that is offered as a meal

  • 饭菜:

The restaurant provides good traditional fare.

③[verb]~ well, badly, better, etc. to be successful / unsuccessful in a particular situation

  • 成功(或不成功、更好等)【SYN】 get on :

The party fared very badly in the last election.

 

396.deliberate

①[adj](of a movement or an action 动作或行为) done slowly and carefully

  • 不慌不忙的;小心翼翼的;从容不迫的:

She spoke in a slow and deliberate way.

②[verb]to think very carefully about sth, usually before making a decision

  • 仔细考虑;深思熟虑;反复思考:

They deliberated on whether to continue with the talks.

 

397.date

①[C] a sweet sticky brown fruit that grows on a tree called a date palm, common in N Africa and W Asia

  • (北非和西亚常见的海枣树的)海枣

Verb:
②[V] to become old-fashioned

  • 过时;不流行:

She designs classic clothes which do not date.

③[VN] if sth dates you, it shows that you are fairly old or older than the people you are with

  • 使…显老;显出…的年龄大:

I was at the Woodstock festival—that dates me, doesn’t it?

 

398.quarter

①[C] a person or group of people, especially as a source of help, information or a reaction

  • (尤指能提供帮助、信息或作出反应的)个人,群体:

The news was greeted with dismay in some quarters.

②[C] a coin of the US and Canada worth 25 cents

  • (美国和加拿大的) 25 分硬币

③quarters [pl.] rooms that are provided for soldiers, servants, etc. to live in

  • (士兵、服务人员等的)营房,宿舍,住房:

We were moved to more comfortable living quarters.

④[C] the period of time twice a month when we can see a quarter of the moon

  • 半圆的月相;上弦(或下弦)月:

The moon is in its first quarter.

⑤[C] a unit for measuring weight, 28 pounds in the UK or 25 pounds in the US; a quarter of a hundredweight

  • 夸特(重量单位,英国为 28 磅,美国为 25 磅;四分之一英担)

⑥[U] (old-fashioned or literary) pity that sb shows towards an enemy or opponent who is in their power

  • (对掌控中的敌人或对手的)慈悲,同情【SYN】 mercy :

His rivals knew that they could expect no quarter from such a ruthless adversary.

 

399.juice

①[C, usually pl.] the liquid in the stomach that helps you to digest food

  • 胃液;消化液:

digestive / gastric juices

②[U] (informal, especially BrE) petrol / gas

  • 汽油

③[U] (NAmE, informal) electricity

 

400.hit

①to have a bad effect on sb / sth

  • 产生不良影响;打击;危害:

The tax increases will certainly hit the poor.

②[VN] to reach a place

  • 到达(某地):

The President hits town tomorrow.

③[VN] (informal) to experience sth difficult or unpleasant

  • 遇到困难;经历不愉快的事情:

We seem to have hit a problem.

④[VN] (informal) to come suddenly into your mind

  • 使突然想起:

I couldn’t remember where I’d seen him before, and then it suddenly hit me.

⑤[VN] (informal) to press sth such as a button to operate a machine, etc.

  • 按,压(按钮等):

Hit the brakes

Noun:

⑥a person or thing that is very popular

  • 很受欢迎的人(或事物):

The duo were a real hit in last year’s show.

⑦a successful pop song or record

  • 风行一时的流行歌曲(或唱片):

They are about to release an album of their greatest hits.

⑧(slang) an amount of an illegal drug that is taken at one time

  • 毒品的一剂

⑨(slang, especially NAmE) a violent crime or murder

  • 暴力犯罪;凶杀

⑩a result of a search on a computer, for example on the Internet

  • (在计算机或互联网上搜索的)查询结果

 

401.crash

①[V] (of prices, a business, shares, etc. 价格、业务、股票等) to lose value or fail suddenly and quickly

  • (突然)贬值,倒闭,失败;暴跌:

Share prices crashed to an all-time low yesterday.

②if a computer crashes or you crash a computer, it stops working suddenly

  • 崩溃

Files can be lost if the system suddenly crashes.

③[V , usually +adv. / prep.] (especially BrE) to lose very badly in a sports game

  • (比赛中)溃败,惨败:

The team crashed to their worst defeat this season.

④[V] ~ (out) (informal) to fall asleep; to sleep somewhere you do not usually sleep

  • 入睡;(在不常睡觉的地方)睡觉:

I was so tired I crashed out on the sofa.

⑤[V] if sb crashes, their heart stops beating

  • 心脏停止跳动

 

402.under

①[adv]in or into an unconscious state

  • 在昏迷中;陷入昏迷状态:

He felt himself going under.

 

403.read

①[VN] ~ A for B | ~ B as A to replace one word, etc. with another when correcting a text

  • 替换;将…改为:

For ‘madam’ in line 3 read ‘madman’.

②[adj](used after an adverb 用于副词后) (of a person 人) having knowledge that has been gained from reading books, etc.

  • 博学的;熟知的;精通的:

She’s very widely read in law.

 

404.invest

①[VN] ~ sb (with sth) | ~ sb (as sth) (formal) to give sb power or authority, especially as part of their job

  • 授予,给予(权力等):

The new position invested her with a good deal of responsibility.

②If you say that someone or something is invested with a particular quality, you mean that they seem to have that quality.

赋予,使具有(某种特征)

The buildings are invested with a nation’s history

 

405.depth

①[U] the strength of a colour

  • 浓度;强度:

Strong light will affect the depth of colour of your carpets and curtains.

②[U] (technical 术语) the quality in a work of art or a photograph which makes it appear not to be flat

  • 立体感

 

406.wage

①~ sth (against / on sb / sth) to begin and continue a war, a battle, etc.

  • 开始,发动,进行,继续(战争、战斗等):

The rebels have waged a guerrilla war since 2001.

 

407.thread

①[C] (computing 计) a series of connected messages on a message board on the Internet which have been sent by different people

  • (互联网留言板上帖子的)系列相关信息,链式消息

②[C] the raised line that runs around the length of a screw and that allows it to be fixed in place by twisting

  • 螺纹

③threads [pl.] (old-fashioned, NAmE, slang) clothes

  • 衣服

 

408.side

①[U] (BrE, informal) a feeling that you are better than other people

  • 优越感;架子:

There was no side to him at all.

②[C] a ~ of beef / bacon, etc. one of the two halves of an animal that has been killed for meat

  • 一扇牛肉/猪肉

③[C] (old-fashioned, BrE, informal) a television channel

  • 电视频道:

What’s on the other side?

 

409.driver

①(in golf 高尔夫球) a club with a wooden head

  • 球棒

 

410.wire

①[VN] ~ sth (for sth) to put a special device somewhere in order to listen secretly to other people’s conversations

  • 给…安装窃听器【SYN】 bug :

The room had been wired for sound.

 

411.beat

①[VN] to avoid sth

  • 避免;逃避:

We were up and off early to beat the heat.

②[noun][C] the area which a police officer walks around regularly and which he or she is responsible for

  • 管区;辖区;巡逻地段:

More police officers out on the beat may help to cut crime.

③[adj][not before noun] (informal) = dead beat:  very tired

筋疲力尽;疲惫不堪:

 

412.gross

①[only before noun] (formal or law 律) (of a crime, etc. 罪行等) very obvious and unacceptable

  • 严重的:

gross indecency / negligence / misconduct

②(informal) very unpleasant

  • 令人不快的;令人恶心的;使人厌恶的【SYN】 disgusting :

‘He ate it with mustard.’ ‘Oh, gross!’

③very rude

  • 粗鲁的;不雅的【SYN】 crude :

gross behaviour

④very fat and ugly

  • 肥胖而丑陋的:

She’s not just fat, she’s positively gross!

⑤[noun] (pl. gross) a group of 144 things

  • 一罗(144 个):

two gross of apples

 

413.plate

①[usually pl.] the pieces of metal or plastic at the front and back of a vehicle with numbers and letters on it

  • (车辆的)号码牌

②[C] a photograph that is used as a picture in a book, especially one that is printed on a separate page on high quality paper

  • 书籍插图照片;(尤指优质纸上的)整页插图:

The book includes 55 colour plates.

③[C] a sheet of metal, plastic, etc. that has been treated so that words or pictures can be printed from it

  • (印刷用的)印版,图版:

a printing plate

 

414.stretch

①[VN] to make use of a lot of your money, supplies, time, etc.

  • (大量地)使用,消耗:

The influx of refugees has stretched the country’s resources to the limit.

②[VN] to make use of all sb’s skill, intelligence, etc.

  • 使竭尽所能;使全力以赴;使发挥出全部本领:

I need a job that will stretch me.

③[VN] to use sth in a way that would not normally be considered fair, acceptable, etc.

  • 滥用;随意歪曲:

He admitted that he had maybe stretched the truth a little (= not been completely honest).

Noun:

④[C] a continuous period of time

  • (连续的)一段时间【SYN】 spell :

She used to read for hours at a stretch (= without stopping).

⑤[C, usually sing.] (informal) a period of time that sb spends in prison

  • 服刑期:

He did a ten-year stretch for fraud

⑥[C, usually sing.] a straight part at the end of a racing track

  • (终点)直道【SYN】 straight :

the finishing / home stretch

 

415.spell

①[VN] ~ sth (for sb / sth) to have sth, usually sth bad, as a result; to mean sth, usually sth bad

  • 招致,意味着(通常指坏事):

The crop failure spelt disaster for many farmers.

②[VN] (NAmE, informal) to replace for a short time sb who is doing a particular activity so that they can rest

  • (短时间)替换,顶替:

Carter will be here in an hour to spell you.

Noun:

③[C] a short period of time during which sth lasts

  • (持续的)一段时间:

a cold / hot / wet / bright, etc. spell

 

416.clearance

①[U, C] official permission that is given to sb before they can work somewhere, have particular information, or do sth they want to do

  • (录用或准许接触机密以前的)审查许可,审核批准:

I’m waiting for clearance from headquarters.

②[C] a clearance in football ( soccer ) and some other sports is when a player kicks or hits the ball away from the goal of his or her own team

  • (足球及其他一些体育运动中的)解围

 

417.air

①[C] (old-fashioned) (often used in the title of a piece of music 常用于乐曲名) a tune

  • 曲调:

Bach’s Air on a G string

②[sing.] the particular feeling or impression that is given by sb / sth; the way sb does sth

  • 感觉;印象;神态:

The room had an air of luxury.

③airs [pl.] (disapproving) a way of behaving that shows that sb thinks that they are more important, etc. than they really are

  • 摆架子;装腔作势:

I hate the way she puts on airs.

Verb:

④[VN] to express your opinions publicly

  • 公开发表【SYN】 voice :

The weekly meeting enables employees to air their grievances.

⑤(especially NAmE) to broadcast a programme on the radio or on television; to be broadcast

  • 播出;播送:

The show will be aired next Tuesday night.

 

418.brave

①~ new (sometimes ironic) new in an impressive way

  • 新颖的;崭新的:

a vision of a brave new Britain

 

419.grab

①[VN] to get sb’s attention

  • 引人注意;吸引:

Glasgow’s drugs problem has grabbed the headlines tonight (= been published as an important story in the newspapers).

②[VN] to have or take sth quickly, especially because you are in a hurry

  • (尤指匆忙地)取,拿,吃,喝:

Let’s grab a sandwich before we go.

③(computing 计) a picture taken from a television or video film, stored as an image on a computer

  • 抓取(或截获、采集)的图像:

a screen grab from Wednesday’s programme

 

420.break

①[C] (informal) an opportunity to do sth, usually to get sth that you want or to achieve success

  • 机会;机遇:

I got my lucky break when I won a ‘Young Journalist of the Year’ competition.

②(also break of ‘serve) [C] a win in a game in which your opponent is serving

  • 接发球得分:

It was her second break in the set.

③[C] a series of successful shots by one player; the number of points scored in a series of successful shots

  • 接连击中;接连击中所得的分数:

He’s put together a magnificent break.

 

421.wet

①(BrE) (of a person 人) (informal, disapproving) lacking a strong character

  • 窝囊的;没有骨气的【SYN】 feeble , wimpish :

‘Don’t be so wet,’ she laughed.

Noun:

②the wet [sing.] wet weather; rain

  • 雨天;雨:

Come in out of the wet.

③[C] (BrE, disapproving) a conservative politician who supports moderate policies rather than extreme ones

  • 保守党温和派成员:

Tory wets

④[C] (BrE, informal, disapproving) a person who lacks a strong character

  • 窝囊废;软骨头【SYN】 wimp

 

422.turn

①a short performance or piece of entertainment such as a song, etc.

  • 短小节目:

Everyone got up on stage to do a turn.

②(old-fashioned) a short walk

  • 散步;转一圈:

We took a turn around the park.

③(old-fashioned) a feeling of illness

  • (疾病的)一阵发作;不适感:

a funny turn (= a feeling that you may faint)

 

423.dig

①[VN] (old-fashioned, slang) to approve of or like sth very much

  • 赞成;看中;喜欢

Noun:

②~ (at sb / sth) a remark that is intended to annoy or upset sb

  • 挖苦;嘲讽:

to have a dig at sb / sth

③an occasion when an organized group of people dig in the ground to discover old buildings or objects, in order to find out more about their history

  • 考古发掘 【SYN】 excavation

to go on a dig

 

424.check

①[VN] to control sth; to stop sth from increasing or getting worse

  • 控制;抑制;阻止:

The government is determined to check the growth of public spending.

②[VN] to stop yourself from saying or doing sth or from showing a particular emotion

  • 克制,抑制(做某事或表露感情):

to check your anger / laughter / tears

③[VN] (NAmE) to leave coats, bags, etc. in an official place (called a checkroom ) while you are visiting a club, restaurant, etc.

  • 存放;寄放:

Do you want to check your coats?

④[VN] (NAmE) to leave bags or cases with an official so that they can be put on a plane or train

  • 托运(行李)

⑤[VN] (NAmE)(BrE tick)to put a mark (√) next to an item on a list, an answer, etc.

  • 标记号;打上鈎;打对号:

Check the box next to the right answer.

Noun:

⑥checks [pl.] (formal) rules that are designed to control the amount of power, especially political power, that one person or group has

  • (对政治等权力的)规定,条令,约束

⑦[C, U] a pattern of squares, usually of two colours

  • (通常指双色的)方格图案,方格,格子:

Do you prefer checks or stripes?

⑧[C] (NAmE) coat ~ a place in a club, restaurant, etc. where you can leave your coat or bag

  • (俱乐部、餐馆等衣、包的)寄存处,存放处

⑨[C] (NAmE) a ticket that you get when you leave your coat, bag, etc. in, for example, a restaurant or theatre

  • (餐馆或剧院的)存物牌,存放证

 

425.engage

①(formal) to begin fighting with sb

  • 与(某人)交战;与(某人)开战:

to engage the enemy

 

426.gift

 

①[usually sing.] (informal) a thing that is very easy to do or cheap to buy

  • 轻而易举的事;极便宜的东西:

Their second goal was an absolute gift.

 

427.lick

①(of flames 火焰) to touch sth lightly

  • 轻轻触及(某物):

Flames were soon licking the curtains.

②[VN] (informal) to easily defeat sb or deal with sth

  • 轻松战胜;轻易对付:

We thought we had them licked.

Noun:

③[sing.] a ~ of paint (informal) a small amount of paint, used to make a place look better

  • 一点儿(涂料):

What this room needs is a lick of paint.

④[C] (informal) a short piece of music which is part of a song and is played on a guitar

  • (吉他演奏的歌曲)小过门:

a guitar / blues lick

 

428.scale

①[C] any of the thin plates of hard material that cover the skin of many fish and reptiles

  • 鳞;鳞片

②(BrE also fur) [U] a hard greyish-white substance that is sometimes left inside water pipes and containers for heating water

  • 水垢;水锈

③[U] a hard substance that forms on teeth, especially when they are not cleaned regularly

  • 牙垢;牙石

 

429.precious

①(disapproving) (especially of people and their behaviour 尤指人或行为) very formal, exaggerated and not natural in what you say and do

  • 道貌岸然的;矫揉造作的【SYN】 affected

②[Adv](informal) ~ little / few: used to emphasize the fact that there is very little of sth or that there are very few of sth

  • (强调极少或太少):

There’s precious little to do in this town.

 

430.cold

①not easy to find

  • 不易发现的:

The police followed the robbers to the airport but then the trail went cold.

②used in children’s games to say that the person playing is not close to finding a person or thing, or to guessing the correct answer

  • (儿童游戏中)离目标远的,未猜中的

③out ~ [not before noun] (informal) unconscious

  • 失去知觉:

He was knocked out cold in the second round.

④the ~ facts / truth facts with nothing added to make them more interesting or pleasant

  • 真实的;客观的

Adv:
⑤(NAmE) suddenly and completely

  • 突然;完全:

His final request stopped her cold.

⑥without preparing

  • 毫无准备地:

I can’t just walk in there cold and give a speech.

 

431.scratch

①[VN] ~ a living to make enough money to live on, but with difficulty

  • 勉强维持生活

②~ (sb / sth) (from sth) to decide that sth cannot happen or sb / sth cannot take part in sth, before it starts

  • 取消;撤销;退出:

to scratch a rocket launch

 

432.traffic

①the movement of messages and signals through an electronic communication system

  • 信息流量;通信(量):

the computer servers that manage global Internet traffic

②~ (in sth) illegal trade in sth

  • (非法的)交易,买卖:

the traffic in firearms

 

433.take

①a scene or part of a film / movie that is filmed at one time without stopping the camera

  • (不停机一次连续拍摄的)场景,镜头:

We managed to get it right in just ten takes.

②[usually sing.] (informal) an amount of money that sb receives, especially the money that is earned by a business during a particular period of time

  • 收入额;进项【SYN】 takings :

How much is my share of the take?

③~ on sth (informal) the particular opinion or idea that sb has about sth

  • 看法;意见:

What’s his take on the plan?

 

434.frame

①[C] one of the single photographs that a film or video is made of

  • 镜头;画面

②[C] a single picture in a comic strip

  • (连环漫画中的)一幅画

③[C] one of the separate areas on an Internet page that you can scroll through (= read by using the mouse to move the text up or down)

  • 帧;页帧(框);图文框

④[C] a single section of play in the game of snooker , etc., or in bowling

  • 一轮;一回;一局

 

435.plant

①[U] the large machinery that is used in industrial processes

  • (工业用的)大型机器,设备:

The company has been investing in new plant and equipment.

②[C, usually sing.] (informal) something that sb has deliberately placed among another person’s clothes or possessions in order to make them appear guilty of a crime

  • 栽赃物品

③[C] a person who joins a group of criminals or enemies in order to get and secretly report information about their activities

  • 坐探;内线;卧底

Verb:
④[+adv. / prep.] to place sth or yourself firmly in a particular place or position

  • 立稳;竖立;安放:

⑤to hide sth such as a bomb in a place where it will not be found

  • (秘密)放置,安置

⑥~ sth (on sb) to hide sth, especially sth illegal, in sb’s clothing, possessions, etc. so that when it is found it will look as though they committed a crime

  • (给某人)栽(赃):

He claims that the drugs were planted on him.

⑦~ sb (in sth) to send sb to join a group, etc., especially in order to make secret reports on its members

  • 使卧底;安插(密探)

 

436.bar

①(BrE) (NAmE meas∙ure) [C] one of the short sections of equal length that a piece of music is divided into, and the notes that are in it

  • (乐谱的)小节:

four beats to the bar

②the Bar [sing.] (BrE) the profession of barrister (= a lawyer in a higher court)

  • 大律师专业(可出席高等法庭):

to be called to the Bar (= allowed to work as a qualified barrister )

③the Bar [sing.] (NAmE) the profession of any kind of lawyer

  • 律师专业

④a unit for measuring the pressure of the atmosphere, equal to a hundred thousand newtons per square metre

  • 巴(气压单位,等于 100 000 牛顿/平方米)

⑤[prep] except for sb / sth

  • 除…外:

It’s the best result we’ve ever had, bar none (= none was better).

 

437.load

①[sing.] (BrE also loads [pl.]) ~ (of sth) (informal) a large number or amount of sb / sth; plenty

  • 大量;许多:

She’s got loads of friends.

②[sing.] ~ of rubbish, garbage, nonsense, etc. (informal, especially BrE) used to emphasize that sth is wrong, stupid, bad, etc.

  • (强调错误、愚蠢、糟糕等)胡说八道,废话:

You’re talking a load of rubbish.

③[C, usually sing.] a feeling of responsibility or worry that is difficult to deal with

  • (责任或忧虑的)沉重感【SYN】 burden :

She thought she would not be able to bear the load of bringing up her family alone.

Verb:

④[VN] to give sb a lot of things, especially things they have to carry

  • 大量给予(尤指得携带的东西):

They loaded her with gifts.

 

438.liberty

①[sing.] an act or a statement that may offend or annoy sb, especially because it is done without permission or does not show respect

  • 冒犯行为(或言语);放肆;失礼:

He took the liberty of reading my files while I was away.

 

439.discipline

①[C] an area of knowledge; a subject that people study or are taught, especially in a university

  • 知识领域;(尤指大学的)学科,科目

②[VN] ~ sb (for sth) to punish sb for sth they have done

  • 惩罚;处罚:

The officers were disciplined for using racist language.

 

440.strain

①[C] a particular type of plant or animal, or of a disease caused by bacteria, etc.

  • (动、植物的)系,品系,品种;(疾病的)类型:

a new strain of mosquitoes resistant to the poison

②[C, U] an injury to a part of your body, such as a muscle, that is caused by using it too much or by twisting it

  • 劳损;拉伤;扭伤:

a calf / groin / leg strain

③[C, usually sing.] a particular tendency in the character of a person or group, or a quality in their manner

  • 个性特点;性格倾向;禀性【SYN】 streak :

He had a definite strain of snobbery in him.

④[C, usually pl.] (formal) the sound of music being played or sung

  • 乐曲;曲调;旋律:

She could hear the strains of Mozart through the window.

Verb:

⑤[VN] ~ sth (off) to pour food, etc. through sth with very small holes in it, for example a sieve , in order to separate the solid part from the liquid part

  • 滤;过滤:

Use a colander to strain the vegetables.

⑥[VN] to try to make sth do more than it is able to do

  • 过度使用;使不堪承受:

The sudden influx of visitors is straining hotels in the town to the limit.

 

441.big

①~ (in…) (informal) popular with the public; successful

  • 大受欢迎的;成功的:

Orange is the big colour this year.

② ~ of sb (usually ironic) kind or generous

  • 大方的;慷慨的:

He gave me an extra five pounds for two hours’ work. I thought ‘That’s big of you’.

 

442.haul

①[VN] [usually passive] ~ sb (up) before sb / sth to make sb appear in court in order to be judged

  • 使某人出庭受审;把某人提交法庭:

He was hauled up before the local magistrates for dangerous driving.

②a large amount of sth that has been stolen or that is illegal

  • 大批赃物;大量非法物品:

a haul of weapons

③(especially in sport 尤用于体育运动) a large number of points, goals, etc.

  • 很高的得分:

His haul of 40 goals in a season is a record.

④[usually sing.] the distance covered in a particular journey

  • 旅行的距离;旅程:

They began the long slow haul to the summit.

⑤a quantity of fish caught at one time

  • 一次捕获的鱼;一网鱼

 

443.character

①[U] (approving) strong personal qualities such as the ability to deal with difficult or dangerous situations

  • 勇气;毅力:

Everyone admires her strength of character and determination.

②[C, U] (formal) the opinion that people have of you, particularly of whether you can be trusted or relied on

  • 名誉;声望;名气:

She was a victim of character assassination (= an unfair attack on the good opinion people had of her).

③[C] (informal) (used with an adjective 与形容词连用) a person, particularly an unpleasant or strange one

  • (令人讨厌的或古怪的)人:

There were some really strange characters hanging around the bar.

④[C] (informal) an interesting or unusual person

  • (有趣的或不同寻常的)人:

She’s a character!

 

444.cool

①[only before noun] (informal) used about a sum of money to emphasize how large it is

  • (强调金额之大)整整的,足足的:

The car cost a cool thirty thousand.

 

445.pack

①(NAmE, informal) to carry a gun

  • 佩带,携带(枪支):

to pack a gun

②[VN] to have sth

  • 夹带着:

A storm packing 75 mph winds swept across the area last night.

Noun:
③[C + sing. / pl. v.] all the people who are behind the leaders in a race, competition, etc.

  • (统称)竞赛中的落后者:

measures aimed at keeping the company ahead of the pack

④[C + sing. / pl. v.] an organized group of Cubs / Cub Scouts or Brownies

  • 一队(男或女幼童军):

to join a Brownie pack

⑤[C] a hot or cold piece of soft material that absorbs liquid, used for treating a wound

  • (治创伤用的)裹布,填塞物,敷料

 

446.do

①[noun] (pl. dos or do’s / du:z / ) (BrE, informal) a party; a social event

  • 社交聚会;社交活动:

Are you having a big do for your birthday?

Verb:

②[VN] [usually passive] (BrE, informal) to cheat sb

  • 欺骗:

This isn’t a genuine antique—you’ve been done.

③[VN] (BrE) ~ sb (for sth) (informal) to punish sb

  • 惩罚;处罚:

They did him for tax evasion.

④[VN] (informal) to steal from a place

  • (从某地方)盗窃;抢劫(某地方):

The gang did a warehouse and a supermarket.

 

447.floor

①the floor [sing.] the part of a building where discussions or debates are held, especially in a parliament; the people who attend a discussion or debate

  • 议员席;全体议员;全体与会者:

Opposition politicians registered their protest on the floor of the House.

②[C, usually sing.] an area in a building that is used for a particular activity

  • (建筑物内的)场地:

on the floor of the Stock Exchange (= where trading takes place)

③to surprise or confuse sb so that they are not sure what to say or do

  • 使惊奇;使困惑

④[usually passive] to make sb fall down by hitting them, especially in a sport

  • (尤指体育运动中)击倒,打倒

 

448.rank

①the ranks [pl.] the position of ordinary soldiers rather than officers

  • 普通士兵:

He served in the ranks for most of the war.

②the ranks [pl.] the members of a particular group or organization

  • (团体或组织的)成员:

We have a number of international players in our ranks.

Adj:
③having a strong unpleasant smell

  • 难闻的;恶臭的:

The house was full of the rank smell of urine.

④[only before noun] used to emphasize a particular quality, state, etc.

  • (强调质量、状况等)极端的,糟糕的:

an example of rank stupidity

⑤(of plants, etc. 植物) growing too thickly

  • 疯长的

 

449.range

①[C] a large piece of equipment that can burn various fuels and is kept hot all the time, used for cooking, especially in the past

  • (尤指旧时的)炉灶

②the range [sing.] (NAmE) a large open area for keeping cows, etc.

  • 牧场;乳牛场

 

450.sick

①(informal) (especially of humour 尤指幽默) dealing with suffering, disease or death in a cruel way that some people think is offensive

  • 令人毛骨悚然的;可怕的;残酷的:

a sick joke

②[U] (BrE, informal) food that you bring back up from your stomach through your mouth

  • 呕吐物【SYN】 vomit

 

451.live

①(of a wire or device 电线或装置) connected to a source of electrical power

  • 连着电源的;通电的:

That terminal is live.

②still able to explode or light; ready for use

  • 仍可爆炸的;仍可点燃的;随时可用的:

live ammunition

③live coals are burning or are still hot and red

  • 燃烧着的;仍灼热发红的

④live yogurt still contains the bacteria needed to turn milk into yogurt

  • 含乳酸菌的

⑤of interest or importance at the present time

  • 当前所关心的;时下重大的:

Pollution is still very much a live issue.

⑥(of an electronic link 电子链接) functioning correctly, so that it is connected to another document or page on the Internet

  • 有效的;功能正常的;活的:

Here are some live links to other aviation-related web pages.

 

452.stuff

①[Noun]~ (of sth) (formal or literary) the most important feature of sth; something that sth else is based on or is made from

  • 基本特征;特质;根本;基础;原料:

Parades and marches were the very stuff of politics in the region

②[VN] [usually passive] to fill the dead body of an animal with material and preserve it, so that it keeps its original shape and appearance

  • 制作(动物)标本:

They had had their pet dog stuffed.

 

453.blank

①[adj][only before noun] (of negative things 否定的事情) complete and total

  • 完全的;彻底的:

a blank refusal / denial

②[C] (also blank ‘cartridge) a cartridge in a gun that contains an explosive but no bullet

  • 空弹:

The troops fired blanks in the air.

 

454.clock

①[VN] to reach a particular time or speed

  • 达到(某时间或速度):

He clocked 10.09 seconds in the 100 metres final.

②~ sb / sth (at sth) to measure the speed at which sb / sth is travelling

  • 测…的速度:

The police clocked her doing over 100 miles an hour.

③(BrE, informal) to notice or recognize sb

  • 注意到;认出:

I clocked her in the driving mirror.

④[VN] (BrE, informal) to illegally reduce the number of miles shown on a vehicle’s milometer (= instrument that measures the number of miles it has travelled) in order to make the vehicle appear to have travelled fewer miles than it really has

  • 非法减少计程器上的里程数;回拨里程表作弊

 

455.huge

①(informal) very successful

  • 非常成功的;走红的:

I think this band is going to be huge.

 

456.beef

①[C] (informal) a complaint

  • 抱怨;牢骚:

What’s his latest beef?

②[V]• ~ (about sb / sth) (informal) to complain a lot about sb / sth

  • 老是抱怨;大发牢骚

 

457.grass

①[U] (slang) marijuana

  • 大麻

②[C] (BrE, informal, usually disapproving) a person, usually a criminal, who tells the police about sb’s criminal activities and plans

  • 向警方告密的人(通常指罪犯)

③[V]~ (on sb) (also 7grass sb ‘up) (both BrE, informal) to tell the police about sb’s criminal activities

  • (向警方)告密,告发

 

458.full

①(of a person or part of the body 人或身体部份) large and round. ‘Full’ is sometimes used to avoid saying ‘fat’.

  • 丰满的;圆鼓鼓的(有时用 full 以避免用 fat):

②made with plenty of cloth; fitting loosely

  • 宽松的;肥大的:

a full skirt

③deep, strong and rich

  • 圆浑的;圆润的;浓郁的:

He draws a unique full sound from the instrument.

 

459.honour

①honours honors [pl.] if you pass an exam or graduate from a university or school with honours, you receive a special mark / grade for having achieved a very high standard

  • 优异成绩

②[C, usually pl.] the cards that have the highest value

  • 最大点数的牌

 

460.pool

①[C] ~ (of sth) a supply of things or money that is shared by a group of people and can be used when needed

  • 共用的资源(或资金):

a pool of cars used by the firm’s sales force

②[C] ~ (of sth) a group of people available for work when needed

  • (统称)备用人员:

a pool of cheap labour

③[V]to collect money, information, etc. from different people so that it can be used by all of them

  • 集中资源(或材料等):

The students work individually, then pool their ideas in groups of one.

 

461.channel 

①~ sth (into sth) to direct money, feelings, ideas, etc. towards a particular thing or purpose

  • 为…引资;引导;贯注:

He channels his aggression into sport.

②~ sth (through sth) to send money, help, etc. using a particular route

  • (利用某途径)输送资金,提供帮助:

Money for the project will be channelled through local government.

 

462.care

①[C, usually pl., U] (formal) a feeling of worry or anxiety; something that causes problems or anxiety

  • 忧虑;焦虑;引起烦恼的事;令人焦虑的事:

Sam looked as if he didn’t have a care in the world.

②[V to inf] to make the effort to do sth

  • 努力做:

I’ve done this job more times than I care to remember.

 

463.survey

①(BrE) an examination of the condition of a house, etc., usually done for sb who is thinking of buying it

  • (尤指为欲购房者所做的)房屋鉴定

②a general study, view or description of sth

  • 总体研究;全面评述;概述:

a comprehensive survey of modern music

 

464.assume

①[VN] (formal) to begin to have a particular quality or appearance

  • 呈现(外观、样子);显露(特征)【SYN】 take on :

This matter has assumed considerable importance.

 

465.deliver

①[VN] be delivered of a baby (formal) to give birth to a baby

  • 分娩;生孩子:

She was delivered of a healthy boy.

②[VN] to throw or aim sth

  • 投掷;把…瞄准;用…对准:

He delivered the blow (= hit sb hard) with all his force.

③[VN] ~ sb (from sth) (old use) to rescue sb from sth bad

  • 解救;拯救;使摆脱

466.raw

①red and painful because the skin has been damaged

  • 红肿疼痛的;皮肤破损的;擦伤的:

There were raw patches on her feet where the shoes had rubbed.

②very cold

  • 寒冷的;严寒的:

a raw north wind

③honest, direct and sometimes shocking

  • 真实的;反映真实情况的:

a raw portrayal of working-class life

 

 

467.strait

①straits [pl.] a very difficult situation especially because of lack of money

  • (尤指经济拮据引起的)困境,境况窘迫:

The factory is in dire straits.

 

468.thunder

①[VN +adv. / prep.] (informal) to make sth move somewhere very fast

  • 使快速移动:

Figo thundered the ball past the goalie.

②(literary) to shout, complain, etc. very loudly and angrily

  • 怒喝;大声斥责:

He thundered against the evils of television.

 

469.smooth

①(of a liquid mixture 液体混合物) without any lumps

  • 无结块的;混合均匀的:

Mix the flour with the milk to form a smooth paste.

②(often disapproving) (of people, especially men, and their behaviour 人(尤指男人)及行为) very polite and pleasant, but in a way that is often not very sincere

  • 圆通的;八面玲珑的【SYN】 smarmy :

I don’t like him. He’s far too smooth for me.

③pleasant and not bitter

  • 醇和的;香醇的:

This coffee has a smooth, rich taste.

④nice to hear, and without any rough or unpleasant sounds

  • 悦耳的;圆润的

 

470.smart

①(especially BrE) connected with fashionable rich people

  • 时髦人物的;高档的:

smart restaurants

②(of a movement, etc. 动作等) quick and usually done with force

  • 快速的;敏捷的;迅速而有力的【SYN】 brisk :

He was struck with a smart crack on the head.

Verb:
③~ (from sth) to feel a sharp stinging pain in a part of your body

  • 感到剧烈刺痛:

His eyes were smarting from the smoke.

④~ (from / over sth) to feel upset about a criticism, failure, etc.

  • (因批评、失败等)难过,烦恼:

They are still smarting from the 4–0 defeat last week.

 

471.school

①[C] a large number of fish or other sea animals, swimming together

  • 群:

a school of dolphins

 

472.high

①[only before noun] used to describe the middle or the most attractive part of a period of time

  • 中间的;全盛的:

high noon

②(of meat, cheese, etc. 肉、奶酪等) beginning to go bad and having a strong smell

  • 开始变质的;开始发馊的

③[not before noun] ~ (on sth) (informal) behaving in an excited way because of the effects of alcohol or drugs

  • 有醉意;表现兴奋

④[noun]the highest temperature reached during a particular day, week, etc.

  • (某天、某星期等的)最高气温:

Highs today will be in the region of 25°C.

473.let

①a serve that lands in the correct part of the court but must be taken again because it has touched the top of the net

  • (发球时的)擦网球

②(BrE) an act of renting a home, etc.

  • 出租;租借:

a long-term / short-term let

 

474.begin

①[V to inf] not ~ to make no attempt to do sth or have no chance of doing sth

  • 不想;绝不能:

I can’t begin to thank you enough.

 

475.start

①[C, usually pl.] (sport 体) a race or competition that sb has taken part in

  • (参加的)比赛:

She has been beaten only once in one starts.

②[C, usually sing.] an act of moving your body quickly and suddenly because you are surprised, afraid, etc.

  • 突然一惊:

She woke from the dream with a start.

 

476.good

①[only before noun] great in number, amount or degree

  • (数量或程度)相当大的,相当多的:

There’s a good chance (= it is likely) that I won’t be here next year.

②not less than; rather more than

  • 不少于;稍多于:

We waited for a good hour.

③[only before noun] thorough; complete

  • 彻底的;完全的:

We had a good laugh about it afterwards.

④[usually before noun] amusing

  • 有趣的;逗笑的:

a good story / joke

⑤~ for sth having enough energy, health, strength, etc. to last for a particular length of time or distance

  • (精力、健康、力量等)足以维持…的,能持续…的:

You’re good for (= you will live) a few years yet.

⑥~ for sth valid for sth

  • 有效的:

The ticket is good for three months.

⑦~ for sth likely to provide sth

  • 能提供…的:

He’s always good for a laugh.

 

477.company

①(often in names 常用于名称) [C + sing. / pl. v.] a group of people who work or perform together

  • 剧团;演出团:

a theatre / dance, etc. company

②[U] (formal) guests in your house

  • 宾客;来宾:

I didn’t realize you had company.

③[C + sing. / pl. v.] a group of soldiers that is part of a battalion

  • 连队

 

478.right

①[only before noun] (BrE, informal, especially disapproving) used to emphasize sth bad

  • (强调坏事)真正的,完全的:

You made a right mess of that!

 

479.play

①[VN +adv. / prep.] to deal with a situation in the way mentioned

  • (以某种方式)应付,处理:

He played the situation carefully for maximum advantage.

②[V +adv. / prep.] to move or appear quickly and lightly, often changing direction or shape

  • 闪烁;浮现;掠过:

Sunlight played on the surface of the lake.

③[V] when a fountain plays, it produces a steady stream of water

  • 喷涌;涌流

Noun:

④[U] the possibility of free and easy movement

  • 间隙;活动空间:

We need more play in the rope.

⑤[U] the activity or operation of sth; the influence of sth on sth else

  • 活动;作用;影响:

the free play of market forces

⑥[U] (literary) a light, quick movement that keeps changing

  • 轻快变幻的动作;闪烁;闪现:

the play of sunlight on water

 

480.small

①the ~ of the / sb’s back [sing.] the lower part of the back where it curves in

  • 后腰

②smalls [pl.] (old-fashioned, BrE, informal) small items of clothing, especially underwear

  • 小件衣服(尤指内衣)

 

481.point

①[VN] to put mortar between the bricks of a wall

  • (用灰泥)抹砖缝,勾缝

Noun:

②points [pl.] (BrE) (NAmE switch [C]) a piece of track at a place where a railway / railroad line divides that can be moved to allow a train to change tracks

  • 道岔;尖轨;转辙器

③[C] (BrE) a place in a wall, etc. where a piece of equipment can be connected to electricity

  • (电源)插座:

a power / shaver / telephone point

④points [pl.] = pointe: the hard tops of the toes of a kind of shoe that a ballet dancer balances on

  • (芭蕾舞鞋的)硬鞋尖

 

482.hold

①[C] the part of a ship or plane where the goods being carried are stored

  • 货舱

②[C] a place where you can put your hands or feet when climbing

  • 支撑点(可手攀或脚踏的地方)

 

483.bring

①[VN to inf] ~ yourself to do sth to force yourself to do sth

  • 强迫自己做某事:

She could not bring herself to tell him the news.

 

484.write

①[V] to work correctly or in the way mentioned

  • 好使;能使用;以…方式写:

This pen won’t write.

 

485.fly

①[V] to be talked about by many people

  • 流传;四处传播

②(formal) to escape from sb / sth

  • (从…)逃走,逃跑:

Both suspects have flown the country.

③[V] (NAmE) to be successful

  • 成功:

It remains to be seen whether his project will fly.

④[noun][C] a piece of material that covers the entrance to a tent

  • 门帘

 

486.story

①(informal) something that sb says which is not true

  • 谎言;假话:

She knew the child had been telling stories again.

 

487.study

①[sing.] ~ (in sth) (formal) a perfect example of sth

  • 典型;范例:

His face was a study in concentration.

②(BrE)[C] a piece of music designed to give a player practice in technical skills

  • 练习曲

③[C] a drawing or painting of sth, especially one done for practice or before doing a larger picture

  • 习作;试作;试画:

a study of Chartres Cathedral

④[C] a room, especially in sb’s home, used for reading and writing

  • 书房

 

488.book

①books [pl.] the written records of the financial affairs of a business

  • (企业的)账簿【SYN】 accounts :

to do the books (= to check the accounts)

②[C] a section of a large written work

  • (长篇作品的)篇,卷,部:

the books of the Bible

③[C] (BrE) a record of bets made on whether sth will happen, sb will win a race, etc.

  • 赌注记录

 

489.job

①(informal) a crime, especially stealing

  • 犯罪行为(尤指偷窃):

an inside job (= done by sb in the organization where the crime happens)

②(informal) a particular kind of thing

  • 东西;物件:

It’s real wood—not one of those plastic jobs.

 

490.business

①[sing.] (usually with an adjective 通常与形容词连用) a matter, an event or a situation

  • 事情;事件;状况:

That plane crash was a terrible business.

②[U] (especially NAmE)(also custom BrE) the fact of a person or people buying goods or services at a shop / store or business

  • (顾客对商店的)惠顾,光顾:

We’re grateful for your business.

 

491.head

①a ~ of steam [sing.] the pressure produced by steam in a confined space

  • 蒸汽压力

②[C] the part of a tape recorder or video recorder that touches the tape and changes the electrical signals into sounds and / or pictures

  • 磁头

③[C] the part of a spot on your skin that contains a thick yellowish liquid (= pus )

  • 脓头

④[sing.] the mass of small bubbles on the top of a glass of beer

  • 啤酒泡沫;酒头

 

492.after

①in contrast to sth

  • 与…对照;与…对比:

It was pleasantly cool in the house after the sticky heat outside.

②as a result of or because of sth that has happened

  • 鉴于;由于:

I’ll never forgive him after what he said.

③about sb / sth

  • 关于:

She asked after you (= how you were).

 

493.service

①[U] (law 律) the formal giving of an official document, etc. to sb

  • 送达:

the service of a demand for payment

②[U] (old-fashioned) the state or position of being a servant

  • 仆人地位(或身分):

to be in / go into service (= to be / become a servant)

③[C] a complete set of plates, dishes, etc. that match each other

  • 整套餐具:

a tea service (= cups, saucers , a teapot and plates, for serving tea)

④[C] an act of hitting the ball in order to start playing; the way that you hit it

  • 发球;发球方式【SYN】 serve :

It’s your service (= your turn to start playing).

 

494.power

①[C, usually sing.] the number of times that an amount is to be multiplied by itself

  • 乘方;幂

②[U] the amount by which a lens can make objects appear larger

  • 放大倍数;放大率:

the power of a microscope / telescope

 

495.end

①(BrE) a small piece that is left after sth has been used

  • 剩余物;残余;残片:

a cigarette end

②one of the two halves of a sports field

  • 半边球场:

The teams changed ends at half-time.

③[usually sing.] a part of an activity with which sb is concerned, especially in business

  • (尤指经营活动的)部份,方面:

We need somebody to handle the marketing end of the business.

 

496.bad

①[usually before noun] (of parts of the body 身体部位) not healthy; painful

  • 有病的;疼痛的:

I’ve got a bad back.

②(bad∙der, bad∙dest) (slang, especially NAmE) good; excellent

  • 顶呱呱的;

 

497.lose

①[VN] (informal) to be no longer understood by sb

  • 使弄不懂;使不理解:

I’m afraid you’ve lost me there.

②[VN] to escape from sb / sth

  • 逃避;逃脱【SYN】 evade , shake off :

We managed to lose our pursuers in the darkness.

③if a watch or clock loses or loses time, it goes too slowly or becomes a particular amount of time behind the correct time

  • (钟、表)走慢,慢(若干时间):

This clock loses ten minutes a day.

498.member

①(old use or literary) a part of the body, especially an arm or a leg

  • 身体部位(尤指胳膊或腿)

②Member (in Britain) a Member of Parliament

  • (英国)下院议员:

the Hon. Member for Brent North

 

499.car

①(also rail∙car both NAmE) a separate section of a train

  • 火车车厢:

Several cars went off the rails.

 

500.city

①the City [sing.] (BrE) Britain’s financial and business centre, in the oldest part of London

  • (伦敦最古老的金融商务中心)伦敦商业区,伦敦城:

②[U] (informal) used after other nouns to say that a place is full of a particular thing

  • (用于其他名词之后)充满…的地方:

It’s not exactly fun city here is it?

 

501.name

①a famous person

  • 名人:

Some of the biggest names in the art world were at the party.

②[usually sing.] a reputation that sb / sth has; the opinion that people have about sb / sth

  • 名誉;名声;名气:

She first made her name as a writer of children’s books.

 

502.white

①whites [pl.] white clothes worn for playing some sports

  • 白色运动服:

cricket / tennis whites

 

503.kid

①[C] a young goat

  • 小山羊

②[U] soft leather made from the skin of a young goat

  • 小山羊皮革

③[verb]~ sb / yourself to allow sb / yourself to believe sth that is not true

  • 欺骗;哄骗【SYN】 deceive :

They’re kidding themselves if they think it’s going to be easy.

 

504.body

①[C] ~ of sth a large amount or collection of sth

  • 大量;大批;大堆:

a vast body of evidence / information / research

②[C] (formal) an object

  • 物体:

heavenly bodies (= stars, planets, etc.)

③[U] the full strong flavour of alcoholic drinks or the thick healthy quality of sb’s hair

  • (酒的)浓香,香醇;(头发的)浓密:

a wine with plenty of body

④[C] (BrE) (NAmE body∙suit) a piece of clothing which fits tightly over a woman’s upper body and bottom, usually fastening between the legs

  • 女紧身衣(通常扣于两腿间)

 

505.face

①~ of sth the particular character of sth

  • (事物的某种)特征:

the changing face of Britain

②the front part of a clock or watch

  • 钟面;表盘

 

506.health

①how successful sth is

  • 状况;牢靠性:

the health of your marriage / finances

 

507.open

①~ (to sth) likely to suffer sth such as criticism, injury, etc.

  • 易受损害;脆弱【SYN】 vulnerable :

He has laid himself wide open to political attack.

②honest; not keeping thoughts and feelings hidden

  • 诚恳;坦诚;直率【SYN】 frank :

She was always open with her parents.

③~ (to sth) not yet finally decided or settled

  • 未决定的;待决定的:

The race is still wide open (= anyone could win).

④with wide spaces between the threads

  • 稀疏的;不密的:

an open weave

 

508.remember

①[VN] to give money, a present, etc. to sb / sth

  • 给…送钱(或礼品等):

My aunt always remembers my birthday (= by sending a card or present).

 

509.second

①[VN] [usually passive] ~ sb (from sth) (to sth) (especially BrE) to send an employee to another department, office, etc. in order to do a different job for a short period of time

  • 临时调派;短期调任:

Each year two teachers are seconded to industry for six months.

 

510.consider

①[VN] (formal) to look carefully at sb / sth

  • 端详;注视:

He stood there, considering the painting.

 

511.appear

①[V , usually +adv. / prep.] to be published or broadcast

  • 出版;广播:

His new book will be appearing in the spring.

 

512.die

①a block of metal with a special shape, or with a pattern cut into it, that is used for shaping other pieces of metal such as coins, or for making patterns on paper or leather

  • 模具;冲模;压模

②(especially NAmE) = dice: a small cube of wood, plastic, etc., with a different number of spots on each of its sides, used in games of chance

  • 骰子;色子:

 

513.sense

①[VN] to discover and record sth

  • 检测出:

equipment that senses the presence of toxic gases

 

514.build

①[V] (of a feeling 感觉) to become gradually stronger

  • 逐渐增强:

The tension and excitement built gradually all day.

②[U, C, usually sing.]the shape and size of the human body

  • 体形;体格;身材:

a man of average build

 

515.plan

①[pl.] ~ (for / of sth) (technical 术语) a detailed drawing of a machine, building, etc. that shows its size, shape and measurements

  • (机器、建筑等的)设计图,平面图;图解:

The architect is drawing up plans for the new offices.

②a diagram that shows how sth will be arranged

  • 分布图;示意图:

a seating plan (= showing where each person will sit, for example at a dinner)

 

516.cut

①[VN] (informal, especially NAmE) to stay away from a class that you should go to

  • 旷(课);缺(课);逃学:

He’s always cutting class

②[VN] to hurt sb emotionally

  • (从感情上)伤害:

His cruel remarks cut her deeply.

③to lift and turn up a pack / deck of playing cards in order to decide who is to play first, etc.

  • (为决定谁先出牌等)切牌,抽牌:

Let’s cut for dealer.

④[VN] (of a line 一条线) to cross another line

  • (与另一条线)相交:

The line cuts the circle at two points.

⑤[VN] ~ a tooth to have a new tooth beginning to appear through the gum

  • 开始长(新牙):

When did she cut her first tooth?

⑥[VN] ~ a disc, etc. to make a recording of music on a record, CD, etc.

  • 灌制(唱片);制作(激光唱片等):

The Beatles cut their first disc in 1962.

⑦[VN] ~ sth (with sth) to mix an illegal drug such as heroin with another substance

  • 把(海洛因等)与另一种物质掺和

⑧[noun][usually sing.] the shape and style that a piece of clothing has because of the way the cloth is cut

  • 款式;式样:

the elegant cut of her dress

 

517.experience

①the… experience [sing.] events or knowledge shared by all the members of a particular group in society, that influences the way they think and behave

  • 传统:

musical forms like jazz that emerged out of the Black American experience

 

518.reach

①[C, usually pl.] a straight section of water between two bends on a river

  • 河段;直水道:

the upper / lower reaches of the Nile (= the part that is furthest from / nearest to the sea)

②reaches [pl.] the outer, further, etc. ~ of sth the parts of an area or a place that are a long way from the centre

  • 边缘地带;边远地区:

the outer reaches of space

③reaches [pl.] the higher, lower, etc. ~ of sth the higher, etc. sections of an organization, a system, etc.

  • (组织、体制等的)领域,部门:

There are still few women in the upper reaches of the civil service.

 

519.hard

①[only before noun] definitely true and based on information that can be proved

  • 确凿的;可证实的;可靠的:

Is there any hard evidence either way?

②[only before noun] strongly alcoholic

  • 酒精浓度高的;烈性的:

hard liquor

③containing calcium and other mineral salts that make mixing with soap difficult

  • 硬的(含钙及镁盐较多):

a hard water area

 

520.field

①(in cricket and baseball 板球和棒球) [sing. + sing. / pl. v.] the team that is trying to catch the ball rather than hit it

  • 守队

②[sing. + sing. / pl. v.] all the people or animals competing in a particular sports event

  • (比赛项目的)全体参赛者:

The field includes seven world-record holders.

③[sing. + sing. / pl. v.] all the people or products competing in a particular area of business

  • 行业:

They lead the field in home entertainment systems.

④[C] part of a record that is a separate item of data

  • 字段;信息组;栏:

You will need to create separate fields for first name, surname and address.

Verb:

⑤[VN] to provide a candidate, speaker, team, etc. to represent you in an election, a competition, etc.

  • 使参加竞选;使参加比赛:

Each of the main parties fielded more than 300 candidates.

⑥[VN] to catch the ball and throw it back

  • 接,掷还(球):

He fielded the ball expertly.

⑦[VN] to receive and deal with questions or comments

  • 处理,应付(问题或意见):

The BBC had to field more than 300 phone calls after last night’s programme.

 

521.pass

①[VN] ~ sth (on sb / sth) to say or state sth, especially officially

  • 宣布;声明:

The court waited in silence for the judge to pass sentence.

②[VN] to send sth out from the body as or with waste matter

  • 排泄;排出:

If you’re passing blood you ought to see a doctor.

③[noun]a stage in a process, especially one that involves separating things from a larger group

  • 阶段;步骤:

In the first pass all the addresses are loaded into the database.

 

522.sell

①[sing](informal) something that is not as good as it seemed to be

  • 让人失望的东西:

The band only played for about half an hour—it was a real sell.

 

523.major

①[adj][not before noun] (NAmE) serious

  • 严重:

Never mind—it’s not major.

②[noun]the majors [pl.] (NAmE) (sport 体) the major leagues

  • 棒球联合总会

 

524.rate

①[VN] to be good, important, etc. enough to be treated in a particular way

  • 值得,配得上(某种对待)【SYN】 merit :

The incident didn’t even rate a mention in the press.

 

525.strong

①likely to succeed or happen

  • 有望成功的;可能性大的:

You’re in a strong position to negotiate a deal.

②great in number

  • 大量的;众多的:

There was a strong police presence at the demonstration.

③used after numbers to show the size of a group

  • (用于数字后,表示某集体的规模)多达…的,计有…的:

The crowd was 5 000 strong.

④having a lot of flavour

  • 味重的:

strong cheese

⑤containing a lot of a substance

  • 浓的;酽的:

strong black coffee

⑥(of words or language 言辞或言语) having a lot of force, often causing offence to people

  • 强硬的;冒犯的:

The movie has been criticized for strong language (= swearing).

 

526.show

①[VN] to enter an animal in a competition

  • 替(动物)报名参加比赛

Noun:

②[C, U] a brightly coloured or pleasing sight

  • 鲜艳悦目的景象【SYN】 display :

a lovely show of spring flowers

③[sing.] (informal) an event, a business or a situation where sth is being done or organized

  • 事情;机构;场面:

She runs the whole show.

 

527.light

①[sing.] an expression in sb’s eyes which shows what they are thinking or feeling

  • 眼神:

There was a soft light in her eyes as she looked at him.

②[C] (architecture 建) a window or an opening to allow light in

  • 窗;窗户;光线进口;采光孔:

leaded lights

Adj:
③low in alcohol

  • 酒精含量低的;低度酒的:

a light beer

④(of a meal 一餐饭) small in quantity

  • 少量的:

a light supper / snack

⑤not containing much fat or not having a strong flavour and therefore easy for the stomach to digest

  • 不腻的;清淡的;易消化的:

Stick to a light diet.

⑥containing a lot of air

  • 含有许多空气的;松软的:

This pastry is so light

 

528.pull

①[C] an injury to a muscle caused by using too much force

  • 拉伤;扭伤

②[C, usually sing.] (BrE) a difficult walk up a steep hill

  • 艰难攀登:

It’s a long pull up to the summit.

③[C] ~ (at / on sth) an act of taking a deep breath of smoke from a cigarette, etc. or a deep drink of sth

  • 深吸;大口喝:

She took a long pull on her cigarette.

④[U] (informal) power and influence over other people

  • (对他人的)影响,影响力:

people who have a lot of pull with the media

⑤[C, usually sing.] the ~ (of sth) the fact of sth attracting you or having a strong effect on you

  • 吸引力;诱惑;影响:

The magnetic pull of the city was hard to resist.

⑥[sing.] the ~ (of sth) a strong physical force that makes sth move in a particular direction

  • 力;引力;磁力:

the earth’s gravitational pull

529.return

①[VN] ~ a verdict to give a decision about sth in court

  • 宣告(裁决):

The jury returned a verdict of not guilty.

②[VN] [usually passive] ~ sb (to sth) | ~ sb (as sth) (BrE) to elect sb to a political position

  • 选举;选出;推举

 

530.price

①[C] (in horse racing 赛马) the numbers that tell you how much money you will receive if the horse that you bet on wins the race

  • 投注赔率【SYN】 odds :

Six to one is a good price for that horse.

②[verb]to compare the prices of different types of the same thing

  • 比较…的价格:

We priced various models before buying this one.

 

531.carry

①[VN] [usually passive] to approve of sth by more people voting for it than against it

  • (以票数多出)获得通过:

The resolution was carried by 340 votes to 210.

②[VN] to win the support or sympathy of sb; to persuade people to accept your argument

  • 赢得…支持(或同情);劝说…接受论点:

His moving speech was enough to carry the audience.

③[VN] if a shop / store carries a particular item, it has it for sale

  • 销售;出售:

We carry a range of educational software.

④[VN] be carrying sb to be pregnant with sb

  • 怀孕;怀胎:

She was carrying twins.

⑤[VN +adv. / prep.] to hold or move your head or body in a particular way

  • 保持姿态;做姿势:

to carry yourself well

⑥[VN] to add a number to the next column on the left when adding up numbers, for example when the numbers add up to more than ten

  • 进位

 

532.drive

①Drive (abbr. Dr) used in the names of roads

  • (用于路名)路,大道:

21 Island Heights Drive

②[C] (BrE) a social occasion when a lot of people compete in a game such as whist or bingo

  • (惠斯特或宾戈纸牌游戏)比赛;玩纸牌的聚会

③[C] a long hard hit or kick

  • 猛击;猛踢:

She has a strong forehand drive (= in tennis ).

④[U] (approving) a strong desire to do things and achieve sth; great energy

  • 冲动;干劲;精力:

He’ll do very well—he has tremendous drive.

 

533.arm

①a long narrow piece of water or land that is joined to a larger area

  • 狭长港湾;(连接较大地区的)狭长地带:

A small bridge spans the arm of the river.

②[usually sing.] ~ (of sth) a section of a large organization that deals with one particular activity

  • 分部;职能部门【SYN】 wing :

the research arm of the company

③[verb][VN] to make a bomb, etc. ready to explode

  • 给…装上引信;打开…的保险;准备发射;使(炸弹等)随时爆炸

 

534.season

①~ sth (with sth) to add salt, pepper, etc. to food in order to give it more flavour

  • 加调料调味;加作料:

Season the lamb with garlic.

 

535.tax

①to need a great amount of physical or mental effort

  • 使负重担;使受压力;使大伤脑筋:

The problem is currently taxing the brains of the nation’s experts (= making them think very hard).

 

536.record

①to make an official or legal statement about sth

  • 发表正式(或法律方面的)声明;申明:

The coroner recorded a verdict of accidental death.

 

537.pick

①[C] a person or thing that is chosen

  • 选中的人(或物):

She was his pick for best actress.

②[sing.] the ~ of sth the best thing or things in a group

  • 精品;精华;最好的东西

I think we got the pick of the bunch (= the best in the group).

③[C] = pickaxe: a large heavy tool that has a curved metal bar with sharp ends fixed at the centre to a wooden handle. It is used for breaking rocks or hard ground.

  • 镐;尖嘴镐;鹤嘴锄

④[C] (informal) = plectrum a small piece of metal, plastic, etc. used for plucking the strings of a guitar or similar instrument

  • (弹拨琴弦用的)琴拨,拨子

 

538.wear

①[VN] (usually used in questions and negative sentences 通常用于问句和否定句) (BrE, informal) to accept or allow sth, especially sth that you do not approve of

  • 接受,容许(尤指不赞成的事物)

 

539.star

①[C, usually sing.] (informal) used to show that you feel very grateful for sth that sb has done or that you think they are wonderful

  • (表示万分感激或赞叹):

Thanks! You’re a star!

 

540.table

①[noun]a list of sports teams, countries, schools, etc. that shows their position in a competition, etc.

  • (竞赛等的)名次表,排名榜,积分表:

If Arsenal win this game they’ll go to the top of the table.

②[verb](NAmE) to leave an idea, a proposal, etc. to be discussed at a later date

  • (将主意、建议等)搁置:

They voted to table the proposal until the following meeting.

 

541.court

①[VN] to try to please sb in order to get sth you want, especially the support of a person, an organization, etc.

  • (为有所求,尤指寻求支持而)试图取悦,讨好,争取【SYN】 cultivate :

Both candidates have spent the last month courting the media.

②[VN] (formal) to try to obtain sth

  • 试图获得;博得:

He has never courted popularity.

 

542.situation

①(old-fashioned or formal) a job

  • 职业;工作岗位:

Situations Vacant (= the title of the section in a newspaper where jobs are advertised)

 

543.easy

①only before noun] pleasant and friendly

  • 随和的;平易近人的【SYN】 easy-going :

He had a very easy manner.

②[not usually before noun] (informal, disapproving) (of women 女人) willing to have sex with many different people

  • 水性杨花;轻浮;放荡

 

544.industry

①[U] (formal) the quality of working hard

  • 勤奋;勤劳:

We were impressed by their industry.

 

545.figure

①[C] a particular shape formed by lines or surfaces

  • 图形:

a five-sided figure

②[C] a pattern or series of movements performed on ice

  • (冰上表演动作的)花样

 

546.picture

①the picture [sing.] the general situation concerning sb / sth

  • 状况;情形;形势:

Just a few years ago the picture was very different.

②the pictures [pl.] (old-fashioned, informal) the cinema / the movies

  • 电影院;影剧院:

Shall we go to the pictures tonight?

 

547.practice

①[C]A doctor’s or lawyer’s practice is his or her business, often shared with other doctors or lawyers.

  • 诊所;律师事务所

My law practice isn’t the most important thing in my life, you know.

 

548.piece

①a piece [sing.] (old-fashioned, NAmE, informal) a short distance

  • 短距离;一小段距离:

She lives down the road a piece from here.

②[C] (NAmE, slang) a gun

  • 枪支;枪

③[C] an article in a newspaper or magazine or a broadcast on television or radio

  • (新闻传媒的)文章,报道:

Did you see her piece about the Internet in the paper today?

 

549.land

①(informal) to succeed in getting a job, etc., especially one that a lot of other people want

  • 成功得到,赢得,捞到(尤指许多人想得到的工作):

He’s just landed a starring role in Spielberg’s next movie.

②[VN] to catch a fish and bring it out of the water on to the land

  • 捕到,钓到(鱼)

 

550.doctor

①to change sth in order to trick sb

  • 篡改;伪造【SYN】 falsify :

He was accused of doctoring the figures.

②to add sth harmful to food or drink

  • 将有害物掺入(食物或饮料)中:

The wine had been doctored.

③(informal) to remove part of the sex organs of an animal

  • 阉割(动物)【SYN】 neuter

 

551.love

①[U] a score of zero (points or games)

  • 零分:

40–love!

 

552.catch

①[sing.] (old-fashioned) a person that other people see as a good person to marry, employ, etc.

  • 理想的对象;意中人;雇用的好对象;看中的人

②[U] a child’s game in which two people throw a ball to each other

  • (儿童)传接球游戏

③[C, usually sing.] a hidden difficulty or disadvantage

  • 隐藏的困难;暗藏的不利因素:

All that money for two hours’ work—what’s the catch?

④[C] a device used for fastening sth

  • 扣拴物;扣件:

a catch on the door

⑤[C] the total amount of things that are caught

  • 总捕获量:

a huge catch of fish

 

553.draw

①~ (with / against sb) to finish a game without either team winning

  • 以平局结束;不分胜负:

England and France drew.

②(US also drawing) [usually sing.] ~ (for sth) the act of choosing sth, for example the winner of a prize or the teams who play each other in a competition, usually by taking pieces of paper, etc. out of a container without being able to see what is written on them

  • 抽彩;抽奖;抽签:

the draw for the second round of the European Cup

③(especially BrE) a game in which both teams or players finish with the same number of points

  • 平局;和局;不分胜负:

The match ended in a two-all draw.

④an act of breathing in the smoke from a cigarette

  • 吸烟

 

554.red

①[adj](informal, sometimes disapproving) (politics 政) having very left-wing political opinions

  • 激进的;革命的;左翼的

②[C] (informal, disapproving) (politics 政) a person with very left-wing political opinions

  • 左翼人士;激进分子

 

555.window

①a time when there is an opportunity to do sth, although it may not last long

  • 一丝机会;暂短的时机:

We now have a small window of opportunity in which to make our views known.

 

556.single

①[C] (NAmE) a bill / note that is worth one dollar

  • 一元纸币

 

557.well

①[adj][not before noun] (as) ~ (to do sth) sensible; a good idea

  • 明智;可取;好主意:

It would be just as well to call and say we might be late.

②[adv]can / could / may / might ~ with good reason

  • 有充分理由;合理地:

I can’t very well leave now.

 

558.close

①with little or no space in between

  • 空隙极小的;无空隙的;密集的;紧凑的:

over 1 000 pages of close print

②cut very short, near to the skin

  • 剪到齐根的;剪得很短的:

a close haircut / shave

③[only before noun] carefully guarded

  • 严加戒备的;守衞严密的:

The donor’s identity is a close secret.

④[not before noun] ~ (about sth) not willing to give personal information about yourself

  • (对自己的个人信息)守口如瓶:

He was close about his past.

⑤[not before noun] (BrE) not liking to spend money

  • 吝啬;小气:

She’s always been very close with her money.

 

559.bank

①a row or series of similar objects, especially machines

  • 一排(同类物品);一系列(机器等):

a bank of lights / switches / computers

②a mass of cloud, snow, etc., especially one formed by the wind

  • (尤指风吹到一起的)积云,积雪:

The sun disappeared behind a bank of clouds.

③a raised area of ground that slopes at the sides, often at the edge of sth or dividing sth

  • 斜坡;垄;埂:

There were low banks of earth between the rice fields.

④a supply of money or things that are used as money in some games, especially those in which gambling is involved

  • (尤指赌博中的)筹码;赌本

 

560.private

①[C] (abbr. Pte) (BrE) a soldier of the lowest rank in the army

  • 二等兵,列兵(级别最低的士兵):

Private (John) Smith

 

561.run

①[C] a series of cards held by one player

  • 顺子

②[C] a series of notes sung or played quickly up or down the scale

  • (顺着音阶的)急奏,急唱

③[C] (often in compounds 常构成复合词) a confined area in which animals or birds are kept as pets or on a farm

  • 饲养场:

a chicken run

④[sing.] (NAmE) an act of trying to get elected to public office

  • 竞选:

He made an unsuccessful run for governor in 2005.

⑤[C] a point scored in the game of cricket or baseball

  • (板球或棒球中的)得分:

Our team won by five runs.

⑥[C, usually sing.] ~ on a bank a situation when many people suddenly want to take their money out of a bank

  • (到银行)挤提,挤兑

⑦[C, usually sing.] ~ on sth a situation when many people suddenly want to buy sth

  • 争购;抢购:

a run on the band’s latest CD

⑧[C, usually sing.] ~ on the dollar, pound, etc. a situation when many people sell dollars, etc. and the value of the money falls

  • 抛售(美元、英镑等)

⑨[C] a period of sth good or bad happening; a series of successes or failures

  • 一段(幸运或倒霉的)时光;一系列(成功或失败)【SYN】 spell :

a run of good / bad luck

⑩[C] a series of performances of a play or film / movie

  • 连续上演(或放映):

The show had a record-breaking run in the London theatre.

 

562.top

①[C] a child’s toy that spins on a point when it is turned round very quickly by hand or by a string

  • 陀螺:

She was so confused—her mind was spinning like a top.

②[verb]~ yourself (BrE, informal) to kill yourself deliberately

  • 自杀

 

563.fill

①[VN] to do a job, have a role or position, etc.

  • 担任;充任:

He fills the post satisfactorily (= performs his duties well).

②[VN] to appoint sb to a job

  • 派人担任:

The vacancy has already been filled.

③[VN] ~ sth (up) to use up a particular period of time doing sth

  • 耗去;打发;消磨:

How do you fill your day now that you’ve retired?

 

564.drop

①[V] to fall down or be no longer able to stand because you are extremely tired

  • 累倒;累垮:

I feel ready to drop.

②[VNN] ~ sb a line / note to send a short letter to sb

  • 寄,送,写(信):

Drop me a line when you get there.

③[VN] ~ sb / sth (from sth) to leave sb / sth out by accident or deliberately

  • 遗漏;省略;不予考虑:

He spoke with a cockney accent and dropped his aitches (= did not pronounce the letter ‘h’ at the start of words).

④[VN] to stop seeing sb socially

  • 不再与(某人)往来;同(某人)断绝联系:

She’s dropped most of her old friends.

⑤[VN] to stop doing or discussing sth; to not continue with sth

  • 停止;终止;放弃:

I dropped German (= stopped studying it) when I was 14.

⑥[VN] ~ a hint to say or do sth in order to show sb, in an indirect way, what you are thinking

  • 暗示;透露

⑦[VN] ~ a stitch to let a stitch go off the needle

  • 漏,脱,掉(针)

⑧[noun][C] a small round sweet / candy of the type mentioned

  • 球状糖果:

fruit drops

565.blood

①[C] (old-fashioned, BrE) a rich and fashionable man

  • 纨絝子弟;花花公子

②[verb](especially BrE) to give sb their first experience of an activity

  • 让新人初试做某事

 

566.push

①[VN] (informal) to put pressure on sb and make them angry or upset

  • 迫使…生气(或不安):

Her parents are very tolerant, but sometimes she pushes them too far.

②[VN] (informal) to try hard to persuade people to accept or agree with a new idea, buy a new product, etc.

  • 力劝…接受;推销:

The interview gave him a chance to push his latest movie.

③[VN] (informal) to sell illegal drugs

  • 贩卖毒品

Noun:

④~ for sth a determined effort to achieve sth

  • 矢志的追求;坚定的努力:

The push for reform started in 1989.

⑤a large and determined military attack

  • 进攻;攻势;挺进:

a final push against the enemy

 

567.page

①(NAmE) a student who works as an assistant to a member of the US Congress

  • (美国议员的)青年助理(本身为学生)

②(in the Middle Ages 中世纪) a boy or young man who worked for a knight while training to be a knight himself

  • 学习骑士(接受训练期间做侍从,可晋升骑士)

③a small boy who helps or follows a bride during a marriage ceremony

  • 新娘的伴童;小男傧相

④a boy or young man, usually in uniform, employed in a hotel to open doors, deliver messages for people, etc.

  • (旅馆的)行李员,门童

Verb:
⑤to call sb’s name over a public address system in order to find them and give them a message

  • (在公共传呼系统上)呼叫:

Why don’t you have him paged at the airport?

⑥to contact sb by sending a message to their pager

  • 用传呼机传呼(某人):

Page Dr Green immediately.

 

568.enter

①[VN] (formal) to say sth officially so that it can be recorded

  • (正式)提出:

to enter a plea of not guilty (= at the beginning of a court case)

 

569.share

①[C] (NAmE)the broad curved blade of a plough

  • 犁铧;铧

 

570.common

①(BrE, disapproving) typical of sb from a low social class and not having good manners

  • 粗俗的;庸俗的:

She thought he was very common and uneducated.

 

571.hot

①difficult or dangerous to deal with and making you feel worried or uncomfortable

  • 艰难的;棘手的;危险的:

When things got too hot most journalists left the area.

②[not before noun] ~ at / on sth (informal) very good at doing sth; knowing a lot about sth

  • 善于(做某事);(对某事)了解很多:

Don’t ask me—I’m not too hot on British history.

③if sb has a hot temper they become angry very easily

  • 易发怒的;暴躁的(脾气)

④containing scenes, statements, etc. that are too shocking or too critical and are likely to cause anger or disapproval

  • (场面、说话等)过激的,过火的:

Some of the nude scenes were regarded as too hot for Broadway.

⑤[not before noun] ~ on sth thinking that sth is very important and making sure that it always happens or is done

  • 重视,确保(某事发生或完成):

They’re very hot on punctuality at work.

⑥(of music, especially jazz 音乐,尤指爵士乐) having a strong and exciting rhythm

  • 节奏强的

⑦stolen and difficult to get rid of because they can easily be recognized

  • 偷来(因容易识别)而难以销赃的:

I’d never have touched those CDs if I’d known they were hot.

⑧[not before noun] used in children’s games to say that the person playing is very close to finding a person or thing, or to guessing the correct answer

  • 快找到了;快猜中了:

You’re getting hot!

 

572.dead

①(informal) finished; not able to be used any more

  • 用完了的;不能再用的:

dead matches

②outside the playing area

  • 界外的

 

573.rise

①[C] an area of land that slopes upwards

  • 斜坡;小丘;小山【SYN】 slope :

The church was built at the top of a small rise.

Verb:

②(formal) if your colour rises, your face becomes pink or red with embarrassment

  • 脸红

③when bread, cakes, etc. rise, they swell because of the action of yeast or baking powder

  • 发酵

 

574.shoot

①[V] to move suddenly and quickly and be very sharp

  • 剧痛跳窜:

The pain shot up her arm.

②[VN] (especially NAmE) to play particular games

  • 玩,打(某种游戏):

to shoot pool

Noun:

③the part that grows up from the ground when a plant starts to grow; a new part that grows on plants or trees

  • 幼苗;嫩芽;新枝:

new green shoots

④(especially BrE) an occasion when a group of people hunt and shoot animals or birds for sport; the land where this happens

  • 狩猎;狩猎场

Exclamation:

⑤(NAmE) used to show that you are annoyed when you do sth stupid or when sth goes wrong (to avoid saying ‘shit’)

  • (做了蠢事或事情出了差错感到懊恼,避免说 shit):

Shoot! I’ve forgotten my book!

⑥(especially NAmE) used to tell sb to say what they want to say

  • (让某人把话说出来)说吧,请讲:

You want to tell me something? OK, shoot!

 

575.scene

①[C, usually sing.] a loud, angry argument, especially one that happens in public and is embarrassing

  • (尤指当众、有失体面的)争吵,吵闹:

She had made a scene in the middle of the party.

②the scene, the … scene [sing.] (informal) a particular area of activity or way of life and the people who are part of it

  • 活动领域;界;坛;圈子:

A newcomer has appeared on the fashion scene.

 

576.stock

①[U] of farming, noble, French, etc. ~ having the type of family or ancestors mentioned

  • 家族;世系;出身【SYN】 descent

②[U, C] a liquid made by cooking bones, meat, etc. in water, used for making soups and sauces

  • 高汤;原汤:

vegetable stock

③stocks [pl.] a wooden structure with holes for the feet, used in the past to lock criminals in as a form of punishment, especially in a public place

  • 足枷

④[U] (formal) the degree to which sb is respected or liked by other people

  • 名声;声望;评价:

Their stock is high / low.

⑤[C] the part of a gun that you hold against your shoulder when firing it

  • 枪托

⑥[U, C] a garden plant with brightly coloured flowers with a sweet smell

  • 紫罗兰

Adj:
⑦(disapproving) a stock excuse, answer, etc. is one that is often used because it is easy and convenient, but that is not very original

  • 老一套的;陈腐的:

‘No comment,’ was the actor’s stock response.

⑧usually available for sale in a shop / store

  • (商店里)常备的,通常有的【SYN】 standard :

stock sizes

 

577.career

①(of a person or vehicle 人或车辆) to move forward very quickly, especially in an uncontrolled way

  • (尤指失控地)猛冲,疾驰,飞奔【SYN】 hurtle :

The vehicle careered across the road and hit a cyclist.

 

578.happy

①lucky; successful

  • 幸运的;成功的【SYN】 fortunate :

By a happy coincidence, we arrived at exactly the same time.

②(formal) (of words, ideas or behaviour 言语、思想或行为) suitable and appropriate for a particular situation

  • 合适的;恰当的:

That wasn’t the happiest choice of words

 

579.approach

①[sing.] a thing that is like sth else that is mentioned

  • 相似(或近似)的事物:

That’s the nearest approach to an apology you’ll get from him.

 

580.size

①[U] a sticky substance that is used for making material stiff or for preparing walls for wallpaper

  • (使织物等坚挺的)胶料,浆料;(贴壁纸用的)涂料

②[verb]to cover sth with a sticky substance called size

  • 上胶料;上浆;上涂料

 

581.dog

①[C] a male dog, fox or wolf

  • 公狗;公狐;公狼

②[C] (informal, especially NAmE) a thing of low quality; a failure

  • 蹩脚货;失败:

Her last movie was an absolute dog.

③[C] (informal) an offensive way of describing a woman who is not considered attractive

  • 丑女人

④[C] (informal, disapproving) used, especially after an adjective, to describe a man who has done sth bad

  • (尤用于形容词后)家伙,小人,无赖:

You dirty dog!

Verb:

⑤(of a problem or bad luck 问题或不幸) to cause you trouble for a long time

  • 困扰;折磨;纠缠:

He had been dogged by bad health all his life.

⑥to follow sb closely

  • 跟踪;尾随:

She had the impression that someone was dogging her steps.

 

582.serious

①(informal) used to emphasize that there is a large amount of sth

  • (强调大量):

You can earn serious money doing that.

 

583.ready

①[only before noun] quick and clever

  • 聪明的;机敏的:

She has great charm and a ready wit.

 

584.stand

①a table or a vertical structure that goods are sold from, especially in the street or at a market

  • 货摊;售货亭【SYN】 stall :

a hamburger / newspaper stand

②[usually sing.] the period of time in which two people who are batting (= hitting the ball) play together and score points

  • 两个击球员同时在场上并跑动得分的阶段;双人配对:

Clinch and Harris shared an opening stand of 69.

③~ (of sth) (technical 术语) a group of plants or trees of one kind

  • 林分:

a stand of pines

④(SAfrE) a piece of land that you can buy and use for building a house, etc. on

  • (建房等用的)地皮,地块:

A developer bought the land and divided it into stands.

Verb:

⑤[V to inf] to be in a situation where you are likely to do sth

  • 很可能做某事:

You stand to make a lot from this deal.

⑥[V] ~ (on sth) to have a particular attitude or opinion about sth or towards sb

  • (对某事)持某种态度,有某一观点,采取某种立场:

Where do you stand on private education

⑦[no passive] to buy a drink or meal for sb

  • 花钱请(某人喝饮料或吃饭);买…请客:

He stood drinks all round.

⑧[V] (especially BrE) (NAmE usually run) ~ (for / as sth) to be a candidate in an election

  • 做候选人;参选:

He stood for parliament (= tried to get elected as an MP).

 

585.list

①[sing.] the fact of a ship leaning to one side

  • (船的)倾斜

②[V] (of a ship 船) to lean to one side

  • (向一侧)倾斜

 

586.individual

①(informal, usually disapproving) a person of a particular type, especially a strange one

  • 某种类型的人;(尤指)古怪的人:

So this individual came up and demanded money.

 

587.simple

①used before a noun to emphasize that it is exactly that and nothing else

  • (用在名词前表示强调)纯粹的,完全的,不折不扣的:

I had to do it for the simple reason that (= because) I couldn’t trust anyone else.

②[not usually before noun] (of a person 人) not very intelligent; not mentally normal

  • 智力低下;迟钝;笨:

He’s not mad—just a little simple.

 

588.quality

①used especially by people trying to sell goods or services to say that sth is of a high quality

  • 优质的;高质量的:

We specialize in quality furniture.

②(BrE, slang) very good

  • 盖帽儿了;棒极了:

‘What was the film like?’ ‘Quality!’

 

589.resource

①resources [pl.] personal qualities such as courage and imagination that help you deal with difficult situations

  • 勇气;才智;谋略:

He has no inner resources and hates being alone.

 

590.argue

①[VN] (formal) to show clearly that sth exists or is true

  • 证明;表明:

These latest developments argue a change in government policy.

 

591.box

①the box [sing.] (informal, especially BrE) the television

  • 电视:

What’s on the box tonight?

②[C, U] a small evergreen tree or bush with thick dark leaves, used especially for garden hedges

  • 黄杨(常绿,尤用作花园树篱)

③(also box∙wood) [U] the hard wood of this bush

  • 黄杨木

 

592.trade

①[U, C] the amount of goods or services that you sell

  • 营业额;交易量【SYN】 business :

Trade was very good last month.

②[U, C] a job, especially one that involves working with your hands and that requires special training and skills

  • (尤指手工)职业;手艺;行当:

When she leaves school, she wants to learn a trade.

 

593.physical

①(informal) (of a person 人) liking to touch other people a lot

  • 爱触摸他人的;爱动手动脚的:

She’s not very physical.

②(informal) violent (used to avoid saying this in a direct way)

  • 使用武力的;粗暴的:

Are you going to cooperate or do we have to get physical?

 

594.lay

①[VN] to prepare sth in detail

  • 周密准备;筹划;设置:

She began to lay her plans for her escape.

②[VN] to prepare a fire by arranging wood, sticks or coal

  • (摆好木、柴或煤)生火

Adj:

③not having expert knowledge or professional qualifications in a particular subject

  • 外行的;非专业的;缺少专门知识的:

His book explains the theory for the lay public.

④not in an official position in the Church

  • 平信徒的;在俗的:

a lay preacher

Noun:
⑤(old use) a poem that was written to be sung, usually telling a story

  • (通常供吟唱的)叙事诗

 

595.standard

①[C] a flag that is used during official ceremonies, especially one connected with a particular military group

  • 仪式上使用的旗帜;(尤指)军旗

②[C] a song that has been recorded by many different singers

  • (很多歌手录制过的)歌曲

 

596.bill

①the hard pointed or curved outer part of a bird’s mouth

  • 鸟嘴;喙

②-billed (in adjectives 构成形容词) having the type of bill mentioned

  • 有…形喙的:

long-billed waders

Verb:
③[VN] [usually passive] ~ sb / sth as sth to advertise or describe sb / sth in a particular way

  • 把(某人或事物)宣传为…:

He was billed as the new Tom Cruise.

④[VN to inf] [usually passive] to advertise that sb / sth will do sth

  • 宣布…将做某事:

She was billed to speak on ‘China—Yesterday and Today’.

 

597.message

①messages [pl.] (ScotE) shopping

  • 购物;买东西:

to do the messages

②[usually sing.] an important moral, social or political idea that a book, speech, etc. is trying to communicate

  • (书籍、演讲等的)要旨,要点,教训:

The campaign is trying to get the message across to young people that drugs are dangerous.

 

598.fail

①[V] to not be enough when needed or expected

  • 不足;缺乏:

The rains had failed and the rivers were dry.

②[V] to be unable to continue

  • 倒闭;破产:

Several banks failed during the recession.

③[V] (especially in the progressive tenses 尤用于进行时) to become weak

  • 衰退:

Her eyesight is failing.

 

599.answer

①a person or thing from one place that may be thought to be as good as a famous person or thing from another place

  • 足以媲美的人;堪称相当的事物:

The new theme park will be Britain’s answer to Disneyland.

 

600.act

①[C] a performer or group of musicians

  • 表演者;音乐人组合:

They were one of rock’s most impressive live acts.

②[sing.] a way of behaving that is not sincere but is intended to have a particular effect on others

  • 假装:

Don’t take her seriously—it’s all an act.

 

601.blue

①[C] (BrE) a person who has played a particular sport for Oxford or Cambridge University; a title given to them

  • 蓝色荣誉者(牛津或剑桥大学的校队运动员);蓝色荣誉的头衔

②[C] (AustralE, NZE, informal) a mistake

  • 错误;失误

③[C] (AustralE, NZE, informal) a name for a person with red hair

  • 红发人

④[C] (AustralE, NZE, informal) a fight

  • 打架;打斗;斗殴

 

602.leg

①[C] ~ (of sth) one part of a journey or race

  • 一段路程(或赛程)【SYN】 section , stage

②[C] (BrE) one of a pair of matches played between the same opponents in a sports competition, which together form a single round (= stage) of the competition

  • (同一回合两局比赛中的)一局

 

603.laugh

①[V] be laughing (informal) used to say that you are in a very good position, especially because you have done sth successfully

  • (特别表示因成功而)处于有利地位:

If we win the next game we’ll be laughing.

 

604.set

①not likely to change

  • 固定的;顽固的;固执的:

set ideas / opinions / views on how to teach

②~ for sth | ~ to do sth likely to do sth; ready for sth or to do sth

  • 有可能的;做好准备的:

Interest rates look set to rise again.

③[usually before noun] (of a person’s expression 神情) fixed; not natural

  • 呆板的;不自然的:

a set smile

Noun:
④[C] a young plant, shoot etc. for planting

  • (供移植的)秧苗,插枝,球茎:

onion sets

⑤[sing.] an act of arranging hair in a particular style while it is wet

  • 头发的定型;做头发:

A shampoo and set costs £15.

⑥[sing.] ~ of sth the way in which sb’s face or body is fixed in a particular expression, especially one showing determination

  • (尤指坚定的)姿势,姿态,神情:

She admired the firm set of his jaw.

⑦[C] (BrE) a group of school students with a similar ability in a particular subject

  • (在某学科上能力相当的)一批学生:

She’s in the top set for French.

⑧[C] a group of things that have a shared quality

  • 集;集合:

set theory

⑨[C] one section of a match in games such as tennis or volleyball

  • (网球、排球比赛等的)盘,局:

She won in straight sets (= without losing a set).

⑩[C, U] a place where a play is performed or part of a film / movie is filmed

  • 舞台;摄影场:

The cast must all be on (the) set by 7 in the morning.

 

605.main

①[C] a large pipe that carries water or gas to a building; a large cable that carries electricity to a building

  • (通往建筑物的)主管道,总管,输电干线:

a leaking gas main

②a large pipe that carries waste / water and sewage (= human waste, etc.) away from a building

  • (建筑物的)污水总管道

③the mains [pl.] (BrE) the place where the supply of water, gas or electricity to a building or an area starts; the system of providing gas, water and electricity to a building or of carrying it away from a building

  • 水源;煤气源;电源;(水、煤气、电等的)供应系统;下水道系统:

The house is not yet connected to the mains.

 

606.funny

①(informal) suspicious and probably illegal or dishonest

  • 可疑的;非法的;不诚实的:

I suspect there may be something funny going on.

②(BrE) humorous in a way that shows a lack of respect for sb

  • 嬉皮笑脸的;放肆的【SYN】 cheeky :

Don’t you get funny with me!

③(informal) slightly ill / sick

  • 小病的;微恙的;稍有不适的:

I feel a bit funny today—I don’t think I’ll go to work.

④(BrE, informal) slightly crazy; not like other people

  • 疯疯癫癫的;不很正常的【SYN】 strange , peculiar :

That Dave’s a funny chap, isn’t he?

⑤(informal) not working as it should

  • 出故障的:

My computer keeps going funny.

 

607.green

①(informal) (of a person 人) young and lacking experience

  • 不成熟的;缺乏经验的;幼稚的:

The new trainees are still very green.

②(of a person or their skin 人或其皮肤) being a pale colour, as if the person is going to vomit

  • 苍白的;发青的;无血色的:

It was a rough crossing and most of the passengers looked distinctly green.

③concerned with the protection of the environment; supporting the protection of the environment as a political principle

  • 环境保护的;赞成环境保护的:

green politics

Noun:
④[C] (BrE) an area of grass, especially in the middle of a town or village

  • (尤指城镇或村庄中心的)草地,草坪,公共绿地:

Children were playing on the village green.

⑤[C] (in golf 高尔夫球) an area of grass cut short around a hole in a golf course

  • 球穴区,果岭(洞口附近草修得很平整的地区):

Did the ball land on the green?

⑥the Greens [pl.] the Green Party (= the party whose main aim is the protection of the environment)

  • 绿党(以保护环境为主要目标)

Verb:
⑦to make sb more aware of issues connected with the environment; to make sth appear friendly towards the environment

  • 使增强环境保护意识;使善待环境:

an attempt to green industry bosses

 

608.card

①[C] (old-fashioned, informal) an unusual or amusing person

  • 怪人;引人发笑的人;活宝

②[C] a list of all the races at a particular race meeting (= a series of horse races)

  • (赛马大会的)赛事一览表:

③[C] (technical 术语) a machine or tool used for cleaning and combing wool or cotton before it is spun

  • 梳理机;梳理工具

④[Verb](technical 术语) to clean wool using a wire instrument

  • (用钢丝刷)梳理

 

609.seat

①~ of sth (formal) a place where people are involved in a particular activity, especially a city that has a university or the offices of a government

  • (尤指大学或政府机关)所在地;中心:

Washington is the seat of government of the US.

②(also country seat) (both BrE) a large house in the country, that belongs to a member of the upper class

  • (上层社会人士的)乡村宅第:

the family seat in Norfolk

③(especially formal) the part of the body on which a person sits

  • 臀部【SYN】 buttocks

④the part of a pair of trousers / pants that covers a person’s seat

  • (裤子的)后裆,臀部

 

610.cell

①a small group of people who work as part of a larger political organization, especially secretly

  • (尤指秘密的)政治小组,基层组织:

a terrorist cell

②each of the small sections that together form a larger structure, for example a honeycomb

  • (大结构中的)小隔室(如蜂房巢室)

③a device for producing an electric current, for example by the action of chemicals or light

  • 电池:

a photoelectric cell

 

611.nice

①(ironic) bad or unpleasant

  • 坏的;令人不愉快的:

That’s a nice thing to say!

②(formal) involving a very small detail or difference

  • 细微的;精细的【SYN】 subtle :

a nice point of law (= one that is difficult to decide)

 

612.statement

①[C] a printed record of money paid, received, etc.

  • 结算单;清单;报表:

The directors are responsible for preparing the company’s financial statements.

②[C] (in Britain) an official report on a child’s special needs made by a local education authority

  • 评估报告(英国地方教育主管部门针对儿童的特殊需要而提出意见):

a statement of special educational needs.

 

613.charge

①[C] a sudden rush or violent attack, for example by soldiers, wild animals or players in some sports

  • 突然猛冲;猛攻;冲锋:

He led the charge down the field.

②[C] the amount of explosive needed to fire a gun or make an explosion

  • (射击或爆炸需要的)炸药量

③[sing.] the power to cause strong feelings

  • 感染力;震撼力:

the emotional charge of the piano piece

④[sing.] (formal) a task or duty

  • 任务;责任:

His charge was to obtain specific information.

Verb:
⑤[VN] (usually passive 通常用于被动语态) ~ sth (with sth) (literary) to fill sb with an emotion

  • 使充满(…情绪):

The room was charged with hatred.

⑥[VN] (BrE, formal) to fill a glass

  • 注满(玻璃杯):

Please charge your glasses and drink a toast to the bride and groom!

 

614.control

①[C] (technical 术语) a person, thing or group used as a standard of comparison for checking the results of a scientific experiment; an experiment whose result is known, used for checking working methods

  • 对照标准;(检验工作方法的)参照实验:

One group was treated with the new drug, and the control group was given a sugar pill.

 

615.pain

①[C] (informal) a person or thing that is very annoying

  • 讨厌的人(或事);令人头痛的人(或事):

She can be a real pain when she’s in a bad mood.

 

616.wide

①~ (of sth) far from the point aimed at

  • 远离目标:

Her shot was wide (of the target).

②[noun](sport体) a ball that has been bowled (= thrown) where the batsman or batter cannot reach it

  • (板球)歪球,坏球

 

617.chair

①[C] the position of being in charge of a department in a university

  • (大学的)系主任:

He holds the chair of philosophy at Oxford.

 

618.trip

①[V +adv. / prep.] (literary) to walk, run or dance with quick light steps

  • 脚步轻快地走(或跑、跳舞):

She said goodbye and tripped off along the road.

②[VN] to release a switch, etc. or to operate sth by doing so

  • 触发(开关);(松开开关)开动:

to trip a switch

③[V] (informal) to be under the influence of a drug that makes you hallucinate

  • (服用毒品后)产生幻觉

 

619.style

①[U] the quality of being elegant and made to a high standard

  • 优雅格调;精致性;品位;风度;气派:

The hotel has been redecorated but it’s lost a lot of its style.

②(biology 生) the long thin part of a flower that carries the stigma

  • 花柱

Verb:

[VN-N] (formal) to give sb / sth / yourself a particular name or title

  • 称呼;命名;称:

He styled himself Major Carter.

 

620.deep

①to or from a position far down or across the field

  • 靠近对方端线的;靠近外场线的:

a deep ball from Beckham

②(in adjectives 构成形容词) in the number of rows mentioned, one behind the other

  • 成…排的;有…层的:

They were standing three-deep at the bar.

Noun:
③the deep (literary) the sea

  • 海;海洋

 

621.shoulder

①[C] (NAmE) an area of ground at the side of a road where vehicles can stop in an emergency

  • 路肩(公路两侧供车辆紧急停靠的地带):

No shoulder for next 5 miles.

 

622.institution

①[C] (informal, humorous) a person who is well known because they have been in a particular place or job for a long time

  • (某地或工作中的)出名的人:

You must know him—he’s an institution around here!

 

623.heavy

①(of a person 人) very strict and severe

  • 苛刻的;严厉的:

Don’t be so heavy on her—it wasn’t her fault.

②wet, sticky and difficult to dig or to move over

  • 泥泞难挖(或难挪动)的

③dangerous because of big waves, etc.

  • 危险的;汹涌的:

strong winds and heavy seas

④(usually disapproving) (of a book, programme, style, etc. 书、节目、风格等) serious; difficult to understand or enjoy

  • 严肃的;难懂的;艰涩的:

We found the play very heavy.

⑤~ on sth (informal) using a lot of sth

  • 使用很多…的;耗费…的:

Older cars are heavy on gas.

⑥ large in amount or very solid

  • 量大的;厚实的:

a heavy lunch / dinner

⑦(of sb / sth’s appearance or structure 人/物的外表或结构) large and solid; not delicate

  • 大而结实的;不精致的:

He was tall and strong, with heavy features.

 

624.bag

①bags (of sth) [U, pl.] (BrE, informal) a large amount or a large number of sth

  • 大量;很多:

Get in! There’s bags of room.

②bags [pl.] dark circles or loose folds of skin under the eyes, as a result of getting old or lack of sleep

  • 黑眼圈;眼袋

③[C] (informal, especially BrE) an insulting word for an unpleasant or bad-tempered older woman

  • 丑妇,泼妇(指讨厌或坏脾气的年长女人)

④[C, usually sing.] all the birds, animals, etc. shot or caught on one occasion

  • (一次)猎获物

Verb:
⑤(informal) to score a goal, point, etc.

  • 得分:

Dublin bagged ten goals in last night’s win.

⑥(BrE, informal) to claim sth as yours before sb else claims it; to take sth before sb else can get it

  • 抢占;占有:

Sally had managed to bag the ten best seats.

⑦(AustralE, NZE, informal) to criticize sb / sth

  • 批评;挑剔;指责

⑧(informal) to catch or kill an animal

  • 捕获,猎杀(动物)

 

625.tough

①~ (on sb) (informal) unfortunate for sb in a way that seems unfair

  • 不幸的;倒霉的:

It was tough on her being dropped from the team like that.

②[noun](old-fashioned, informal) a person who regularly uses violence against other people

  • 粗暴的人;暴徒;恶棍

 

626.surface

①[V] (informal) to wake up or get up after being asleep

  • 醒来;起牀:

He finally surfaced around noon.

②[VN] to put a surface on a road, path, etc.

  • 铺设路面等

 

627.purpose

①[U] the ability to plan sth and work successfully to achieve it

  • 意志;毅力;决心【SYN】 determination :

He has enormous confidence and strength of purpose.

 

628.machine

①a group of people that control an organization or part of an organization

  • (组织的)核心机构:

the president’s propaganda machine

②(often disapproving) a person who acts automatically, without allowing their feelings to show or to affect their work

  • 机械化的人(做事呆板、感情不外露)

 

629.gas

①[V](usually used in the progressive tenses 通常用于进行时) (old-fashioned, informal) to talk for a long time about things that are not important

  • 闲聊;空谈;瞎扯【SYN】 chat

Noun:

②[sing.] (especially NAmE) a person or an event that is fun

  • 有趣的人(或事物):

The party was a real gas.

③(BrE wind) [U] air that you swallow with food or drink; gas that is produced in your stomach or intestines that makes you feel uncomfortable

  • (随食物或饮料)吞下的气;胃气;肠气:

I can’t eat beans—they give me wind.

④the gas [sing.] (especially NAmE) = gas pedal :

  • (汽车等的)加速装置,油门

Step on the gas, we’re late.

 

630.yard

①(abbr. yd) a unit for measuring length, equal to 3 feet (36 inches) or 0.9144 of a metre

  • 码(长度单位,等于 3 英尺或 0.9144 米)

②(technical 术语) a long piece of wood fastened to a mast that supports a sail on a boat or ship

  • 帆桁

 

631.total

①[VN] (informal, especially NAmE) to damage a car very badly, so that it is not worth repairing it

  • 彻底毁坏(汽车)

 

 

632.finger

①~ (of sth) a long narrow piece of bread, cake, land, etc.

  • 狭长物(如麪包、糕饼、土地等):

a finger of toast

②[verb]~ sb (for sth) | ~ sb (as sth) (informal, especially NAmE) to accuse sb of doing sth illegal and tell the police about it

  • 告发;告密:

Who fingered him for the burglaries?

 

633.positive

①[only before noun] (informal) complete and definite

  • 完全的;绝对的【SYN】 absolute :

He has a positive genius for upsetting people.

②giving clear and definite proof or information

  • 证据确凿的;明确的【SYN】 conclusive :

We have no positive evidence that she was involved.

 

634.budget

①(used in advertising, etc. 用于广告等) low in price

  • 价格低廉的;花钱少的:

a budget flight / hotel

 

635.safe

①[usually before noun] doing an activity in a careful way

  • 谨慎的;小心的【SYN】 careful :

a safe driver

②based on good evidence

  • 有确凿证据的:

a safe verdict

 

636.capital

①the top part of a column

  • 柱顶;柱头

Adj:

②[only before noun] involving punishment by death

  • 死刑的:

a capital offence

③(old-fashioned, BrE) excellent

  • 顶好的;极好的

 

637.score

①the score [sing.] (informal) the real facts about the present situation

  • 实情;真相:

What’s the score?

②[C] a cut in a surface, made with a sharp tool

  • 刻痕;划痕;伤痕

③scores [pl.] very many

  • 大量;很多:

There were scores of boxes and crates, all waiting to be checked and loaded.

④[C] the music written for a film / movie or play

  • (电影或戏剧的)配乐:

an award for best original score

⑤[C] a written or printed version of a piece of music showing what each instrument is to play or what each voice is to sing

  • 总谱:

an orchestral score

Verb:

⑥to succeed; to have an advantage

  • 获得胜利;取得优势:

⑦[VN V] (slang) to buy or get illegal drugs

  • 买(或搞到)毒品

⑧[VN] to make a cut or mark on a surface

  • (在物体表面)划下痕迹,刻出记号:

Score the card first with a knife.

⑨[VN] [usually passive] ~ sth (for sth) to arrange a piece of music for one or more musical instruments or for voices

  • 编总谱(包括各种乐器及各声部的乐谱):

The piece is scored for violin, viola and cello.

 

638.rich

①very interesting and full of variety

  • 非常有趣的;丰富多彩的:

the region’s rich history and culture

②(of colours, sounds, smells and tastes 颜色、声音、气味和味道) strong or deep; very beautiful or pleasing

  • 强烈的;深的;低沉的;美好的;宜人的:

rich dark reds

③(informal, especially BrE) used to say that a criticism sb makes is surprising and not reasonable, because they have the same fault

  • (表示某人所作的批评是无稽之谈,因为他们本身也存在同样的问题):

Me? Lazy? That’s rich, coming from you!

 

639.travel

①[V] (of food, wine, an object, etc. 食物、葡萄酒、物体等) to be still in good condition after a long journey

  • 经长途运输仍不变质;经得住长途运输:

Some wines do not travel well.

②[V] to go fast

  • 走得快;快速行进:

Their car can really travel!

③[V] (in basketball 篮球) to move while you are holding the ball, in a way that is not allowed

  • 持球走;(带球)走步

 

640.debate

①~ (with yourself) to think carefully about sth before making a decision

  • 仔细考虑;思考;盘算:

She debated with herself for a while, and then picked up the phone.

 

641.key

①[noun]an explanation of the symbols used on a map or plan

  • (地图或平面图的)符号说明,图例

②[verb] to deliberately damage a car by scratching it with a key

  • 用钥匙划坏(汽车)

 

642.fast

①(of a boat, etc. 船等) firmly fixed and safe

  • 系牢的;稳固的:

He made the boat fast.

②not likely to change or to come out when washed

  • 不褪色的

Adv:

③firmly; completely

  • 牢固地;完全地:

The boat was stuck fast (= unable to move) in the mud.

 

643.customer

①(old-fashioned, informal) used after an adjective to describe a particular type of person

  • (用于形容词之后描述某类型的人)家伙:

an awkward customer

 

644.fresh

①[usually before noun] containing no salt

  • 淡的;无盐的:

There is a shortage of fresh water on the island.

②(BrE) quite cold with some wind

  • 清凉的;清爽的:

It’s fresh this morning, isn’t it?

③(of the wind 风) quite strong and cold

  • 凉飕飕的【SYN】 brisk :

a fresh breeze

④looking clear, bright and attractive

  • 洁净的;明净的;亮丽的:

He looked fresh and neat in a clean white shirt.

⑤[not usually before noun] full of energy

  • 精力充沛:

Regular exercise will help you feel fresher and fitter.

⑥[not before noun] ~ (with sb) (informal) rude and too confident in a way that shows a lack of respect for sb or a sexual interest in sb

  • 粗鲁;无礼;(对异性)放肆:

Don’t get fresh with me!

 

645.bird

①(BrE, slang, sometimes offensive) a way of referring to a young woman

  • 姑娘;妞

②(informal) a person of a particular type, especially sb who is strange or unusual in some way

  • 某类人;(尤指)古怪的人,不寻常的人:

She is that rare bird: a politician with a social conscience.

646.credit

①[C, usually pl.] the act of mentioning sb who worked on a project such as a film / movie or a television programme

  • (电影或电视节目演职人员的)片头字幕,片尾字幕:

She was given a programme credit for her work on the costumes for the play.

②[C, U] (technical 术语) a payment that sb has a right to for a particular reason

  • 有权索要的款项:

a tax credit

③[U] if you or your bank account are in credit, there is money in the account

  • 结余

④[C, U] a sum of money paid into a bank account; a record of the payment

  • (付入银行账户的)存款金额,贷记:

a credit of £50

 

647.corner

①a region or an area of a place (sometimes used for one that is far away or difficult to reach)

  • (有时指偏僻或难以到达的)区域,地区:

Students come here from the four corners of the world.

②[usually sing.] a difficult situation

  • 困境;窘境:

to back / drive / force sb into a corner

③(in sports such as football ( soccer ) and hockey 足球、曲棍球等)’s end of the field

  • 角球:

to take a corner

④(in boxing and wrestling 拳击运动和摔跤) any of the four corners of a ring ; the supporters who help in the corner

  • 场角;(场角处的)辅助人员

Verb:
⑤[VN] to go towards sb in a determined way, because you want to speak to them

  • 硬要走近想与(某人)说话:

I found myself cornered by her on the stairs.

⑥[VN] ~ the market (in sth) to get control of the trade in a particular type of goods

  • 垄断(某种货品的交易):

They’ve cornered the market in silver.

 

648.hurt

①[V] be hurting (for sth) (NAmE) to be in a difficult situation because you need sth, especially money

  • 处于困境;手头拮据:

His campaign is already hurting for money.

 

649.track

①[C] a piece of music or song on a record, tape or CD

  • (唱片、录音磁带或光盘的)一首乐曲,一首歌曲:

a track from their latest album

②[C] a continuous belt of metal plates around the wheels of a large vehicle such as a bulldozer that allows it to move over the ground

  • (推土机等的)履带

Verb:
③[V +adv. / prep.] to move in relation to the thing that is being filmed

  • 跟踪摄影;移动摄影:

The camera eventually tracked away.

④[VN] (especially NAmE) to leave dirty marks behind you as you walk

  • 留下(脏)足迹:

Don’t track mud on my clean floor.

 

650.plane

①(geometry 几何) any flat or level surface, or an imaginary flat surface through or joining material objects

  • 平面:

the horizontal / vertical plane

②a level of thought, existence or development

  • (思想、存在或发展的)水平,程度,阶段,境界:

③a tool with a blade set in a flat surface, used for making the surface of wood smooth by shaving very thin layers off it

  • 木工刨;刨子

Verb:

④to make a piece of wood smoother or flatter with a plane n. (4)

  • 用刨子刨平:

Plane the surface down first.

⑤[V] (of a boat, etc. 小船等) to move quickly across water, only just touching the surface

  • 擦着水面疾驶

 

651.squeeze

①[C, usually sing.] a reduction in the amount of money, jobs, etc. available; a difficult situation caused by this

  • (可获得的钱、工作岗位等的)减少,削减;拮据;经济困难:

a squeeze on profits

②[sing.] (informal, especially NAmE) a boyfriend or girlfriend

  • 男朋友;女朋友:

Who’s his main squeeze ?

 

652.attitude

①[U] confident, sometimes aggressive behaviour that shows you do not care about other people’s opinions and that you want to do things in an individual way

  • 我行我素的作派:

a band with attitude

②[C] (formal) a position of the body

  • 姿势:

Her hands were folded in an attitude of prayer.

 

653.labour

①[U, C, usually sing.] the period of time or the process of giving birth to a baby

  • 分娩期;分娩;生产:

Jane was in labour for two hours.

②[V] to move with difficulty and effort

  • 困难吃力地行进【SYN】 struggle :

The horses laboured up the steep slope.

 

654.variety

①(NAmE also vaude∙ville) [U] a form of theatre or television entertainment that consists of a series of short performances, such as singing, dancing and funny acts

  • 综艺节目(包括歌舞、杂耍等的舞台演出或电视节目):

a variety show / theatre

 

655.sleep

①[U] (informal) the substance that sometimes forms in the corners of your eyes after you have been sleeping

  • 眼屎

 

656.brain

①(informal) to kill a person or an animal by hitting them very hard on the head

  • 猛击…的脑袋致死

 

657.feature

①~ (on sb / sth) (in newspapers, on television, etc.) a special article or programme about sb / sth

  • (报章、电视等的)特写,专题节目:

a special feature on education

②(old-fashioned) the main film / movie in a cinema programme

  • (电影的)正片,故事片

Verb:
③[V] ~ (in sth) to have an important part in sth

  • 起重要作用;占重要地位:

olive oil and garlic feature prominently in his recipes.

 

658.element

①[C, usually sing.] ~ of surprise, risk, truth, etc. a small amount of a quality or feeling

  • 少量;有点;有些:

We need to preserve the element of surprise.

②[C, usually pl.] a group of people who form a part of a larger group or society

  • (大团体或社会中的)一组,一群,一伙:

moderate / radical elements within the party

③the elements [pl.] the weather, especially bad weather

  • (尤指恶劣的)天气:

Are we going to brave the elements and go for a walk?

④elements [pl.] the basic principles of a subject that you have to learn first

  • (学科的)基本原理,基础,纲要【SYN】 basics :

He taught me the elements of map-reading.

⑤[C, usually sing.] a natural or suitable environment, especially for an animal

  • (尤指动物的)自然环境,适宜的环境:

Water is a fish’s natural element.

⑥[C] the part of a piece of electrical equipment that gives out heat

  • 电热元件;电热丝:

The kettle needs a new element.

 

659.status

①[U, C, usually sing.] the level of importance that is given to sth

  • 重视(或崇尚)程度:

the high status accorded to science in our culture

 

660.ship

①to be available to be bought; to make sth available to be bought

  • 上市;把…推向市场:

The software is due to ship next month.

②[VN] ~ water (of a boat, etc. 船等) to have water coming in over the sides

  • 舷侧进水

 

661.stone

①[C] (especially BrE) (NAmE usually pit) a hard shell containing the nut or seed in the middle of some types of fruit

  • 果核:

cherry / peach stones

②[verb](BrE) (also pit NAmE, BrE) to remove the stone from the inside of a fruit

  • 去掉果核:

stoned black olives

 

662.park

①[VN +adv. / prep.] ~ yourself (informal) to sit or stand in a particular place for a period of time

  • 坐下(或站着):

She parked herself on the edge of the bed.

②[VN] (informal) (business 商) to decide to leave an idea or issue to be dealt with or considered at a later meeting

  • 把…搁置,推迟(在以后的会议上讨论或处理):

Let’s park that until our next meeting.

③[C] (in Britain) an area of land, usually with fields and trees, attached to a large country house

  • (英国)庄园,庭院

 

663.mountain

①~ of sth (informal) a very large amount or number of sth

  • 许多;大量:

a mountain of work

 

664.gain

①to go too fast

  • 走得太快;快:

My watch gains ten minutes every 24 hours.

②[VN] (formal) to reach a place, usually after a lot of effort

  • (经过努力)到达:

At last she gained the shelter of the forest.

 

665.club

①clubs [pl., U] one of the four sets of cards (called suits ) in a pack / deck of cards. The clubs have a black design shaped like three black leaves on a short stem .

  • 梅花:

the five / queen / ace of clubs

②[C] one card from the suit called clubs

  • 梅花牌:

I played a club.

 

666.potential

①[U, C] (physics 物) the difference in voltage between two points in an electric field or circuit

  • 电位;电势;电压

 

667.presence

①[sing.] a group of people, especially soldiers, who have been sent to a place to deal with a particular situation

  • (派遣的)一个队;(尤指执行任务的)部队:

The government is maintaining a heavy police presence in the area.

②[C, usually sing.] (literary) a person or spirit that you cannot see but that you feel is near

  • 感觉在附近的人(或鬼魂):

She felt a presence behind her.

③[U] (approving) the quality of making a strong impression on other people by the way you talk or behave

  • 仪态;风度;气质:

a man of great presence

 

668.shape

①[U] the physical condition of sb / sth

  • 状况;情况:

What sort of shape was the car in after the accident?

②[U] the particular qualities or characteristics of sth

  • 性质;特点:

Will new technology change the shape of broadcasting?

Verb:

③[V to inf] to prepare to do sth, especially hit or kick sth

  • 准备(做某动作);摆好姿势:

She was shaping to hit her second shot.

 

669.reader

①an easy book that is intended to help people learn to read their own or a foreign language

  • 简易读物;读本:

a series of graded English readers

②(usually Reader) a senior teacher at a British university just below the rank of a professor

  • 准教授(英国大学教师,仅次于教授):

She is Reader in Music at Edinburgh.

 

670.strength

①[U] the number of people in a group, a team or an organization

  • 人数多寡;人力:

The protesters turned out in strength (= in large numbers).

②[U, C] how strong a particular flavour or substance is

  • 浓度;浓淡程度:

Add more curry powder depending on the strength required.

③[C] a quality or an ability that a person or thing has that gives them an advantage

  • 优势;优点;长处:

The ability to keep calm is one of her many strengths.

 

671.tool

①(NAmE, informal) to drive around in a vehicle

  • 驱车兜风;驾车到处跑

 

672.flight

①[C] a series of steps between two floors or levels

  • 一段楼梯;一段阶梯:

She fell down a flight of stairs / steps and hurt her back.

②[U, sing.] the act of running away from a dangerous or difficult situation

  • (从危险或困境中的)逃避,躲避:

the flight of refugees from the advancing forces

③[C] ~ of fancy / imagination an idea or a statement that shows a lot of imagination but is not practical or sensible

  • 异想天开;奇思怪想;天花乱坠

④[C] a group of birds or aircraft flying together

  • (一起飞行的)鸟群(或机群):

a flight of geese

Verb:

⑤[usually passive] (BrE) (sport 体) to kick, hit or throw a ball through the air in a skilful way

  • (熟练地踢、击或掷)使球在空中飞行:

He equalized with a beautifully flighted shot.

 

673.emerge

①[V] ~ (from sth) to survive a difficult situation or experience

  • (从困境或苦难经历中)幸存下来,摆脱出来:

She emerged from the scandal with her reputation intact.

 

674.quick

①the soft, sensitive flesh that is under your nails

  • (指甲下的)活肉:

She has bitten her nails down to the quick.

 

675.pound

①[C] a place where vehicles that have been parked illegally are kept until their owners pay to get them back

  • 违章停车车辆扣留场

②[C] a place where dogs that have been found in the street without their owners are kept until their owners claim them

  • 迷失狗的收留所

Verb:
③[VN] to attack an area with a large number of bombs over a period of time

  • 狂轰滥炸:

The area is still being pounded by rebel guns.

④[V] ~ (out) to be played loudly

  • 大声播放:

Rock music was pounding out from the jukebox.

 

676.settle

①~ sth | ~ (up) (with sb) to pay the money that you owe

  • 付清(欠款);结算;结账:

Please settle your bill before leaving the hotel.

②to sink slowly down; to make sth do this

  • (使)沉降,下陷,变得密实:

The contents of the package may have settled in transit.

Noun:
③an old-fashioned piece of furniture with a long wooden seat and a high back and arms, often also with a box for storing things under the seat

  • 高背长椅(老式木家具,有扶手,座下多带柜)

 

677.title

①[C] a particular book or magazine

  • (书刊的)一种,一本:

The company publishes twenty new titles a year.

②[C] the position of being the winner of a competition, especially a sports competition

  • (竞赛、体育比赛的)冠军:

the world heavyweight title

③[U, C] ~ (to sth / to do sth) (law 律) the legal right to own sth, especially land or property; the document that shows you have this right

  • (尤指土地或财产的)所有权,所有权凭证,房地契

 

678.faith

①[C] a particular religion

  • (某一)宗教:

the Christian faith

②[U] good ~ the intention to do sth right

  • 诚意;善意:

They handed over the weapons as a gesture of good faith.

 

679.living

①[C] (BrE) (especially in the past) a position in the Church as a priest and the income and house that go with this

  • (尤指旧时)有俸金住房的牧师职位【SYN】 benefice

 

680.count

①(in some European countries) a nobleman of high rank, similar to an earl in Britain

  • 伯爵(欧洲一些国家相当于英国 earl 的贵族封号):

Count Tolstoy

②(law 律) a crime that sb is accused of committing

  • (被指控的)罪状,事项:

They were found guilty on all counts.

③[usually sing.] (technical 术语) a measurement of the amount of sth contained in a particular substance or area

  • (某物质在某物或面积中)量的计数:

a raised white blood cell count

 

681.shop

①(also work∙shop) [C] (NAmE) a room in a house where tools are kept for making repairs to the house, building things out of wood, etc.

  • 工具贮藏室

②[VN] ~ sb (to sb) (BrE, informal) to give information to sb, especially to the police, about sb who has committed a crime

  • (向警察等)告发:

He didn’t expect his own mother to shop him to the police.

 

682.border

①a strip around the edge of sth such as a picture or a piece of cloth

  • 镶边;包边:

a pillowcase with a lace border

②(in a garden 花园) a strip of soil which is planted with flowers, along the edge of the grass

  • (草坪边等的)狭长花坛

 

683.jump

①[V] ~ (about) (from sth to sth) to change suddenly from one subject to another

  • 突然改变,突然转换(话题、题目):

The story then jumps from her childhood in New York to her first visit to London.

②be jumping (informal) to be very lively

  • 欢跃;雀跃:

The bar’s jumping tonight.

③~ (on) sb (informal) to attack sb suddenly

  • 突然袭击(某人);猛地扑向(某人):

The thieves jumped him in a dark alleyway.

 

684.gather

①[VN] ~ sth (in) to pull parts of a piece of clothing together in folds and sew them in place

  • 给…打褶子:

She wore a skirt gathered (in) at the waist.

②[VN +adv. / prep.] to pull sb towards you and put your arms around them

  • 拉近;拥抱:

She gathered the child in her arms and held him close.

 

685.fit

①(BrE, informal) sexually attractive

  • 性感迷人的

Noun:
②[C] a sudden attack of an illness, such as epilepsy , in which sb becomes unconscious and their body may make violent movements

  • (癫痫等的)突发,发作;昏厥;痉挛【SYN】 convulsion :

to have an epileptic fit

③[C] a sudden short period of coughing or of laughing, that you cannot control

  • 一阵(忍不住的咳嗽、笑)【SYN】 bout :

He had us all in fits (of laughter) with his jokes.

④[C] a short period of very strong feeling

  • (强烈感情)发作,冲动:

to act in a fit of anger / rage / temper / pique

 

686.cry

①[C] (especially in compounds 尤用于构成复合词) a word or phrase that expresses a group’s beliefs and calls people to action

  • 口号:

a battle cry

 

687.worth

①COMB in QUANT. Worth combines with time expressions, so you can use worth when you are saying how long an amount of something will last. For example, a week’s worth of food is the amount of food that will last you for a week.

  • 与数量词构成的词(与时间连用)可维持…(时间)

After an hour and a quarter’s-worth of cleansing, toning and pampering, the difference to the way my skin felt was remarkable.

 

688.warm

①[not before noun] used to say that sb has almost guessed the answer to sth or that they have almost found sb / sth that has been hidden

  • 即将猜中;接近答案;即将找到:

Keep guessing—you’re getting warmer.

②(of colours 颜色) containing red, orange or yellow, which creates a pleasant, comfortable and relaxed feeling or atmosphere

  • 暖色调的:

The room was decorated in warm shades of red and orange.

Verb:

③If you warm to a person or an idea, you become fonder of the person or more interested in the idea.

  • (对某人)产生好感;(对想法)开始感兴趣

Those who got to know him better warmed to his openness and honesty…

 

689.aspect

①[C, usually sing.] (formal) the direction in which a building, window, piece of land, etc. faces; the side of a building which faces a particular direction

  • 朝向;方位

 

690.see

①(formal) the district or office of a bishop or an archbishop

  • 主教(或大主教)教区;主教(或大主教)权限;牧座:

the Holy See (= the office of the Pope )

Verb:

②[VN +adv. / prep.] to go with sb to help or protect them

  • 送;护送:

My secretary will see you out (= show you the way out of the building).

③If you see a particular quality in someone, you believe they have that quality. If you ask what someone sees in a particular person or thing, you want to know what they find attractive about that person or thing.

  • 看出;看上,欣赏(某种特质)

Frankly, I don’t know what Paul sees in her…

④[V that] (not usually used in the progressive tenses 通常不用于进行时) to make sure that you do sth or that sth is done

  • 确保;务必(做到):

See that all the doors are locked before you leave.

 

691.spread

①[VN] ~ sth (out) (over sth) to separate sth into parts and divide them between different times or different people

  • 分(若干次)进行;由(若干人)分摊:

Why not pay monthly and spread the cost of your car insurance?

Noun:

②[C, usually sing.] a range or variety of people or things

  • 广泛;多样:

a broad spread of opinions

③[C, U] a soft food that you put on bread

  • 抹在麪包上的东西:

Use a low-fat spread instead of butter.

④[C, usually sing.] ~ (of sth) how wide sth is or the area that sth covers

  • 宽度;面积;翼展:

The bird’s wings have a spread of nearly a metre.

⑤[C] an article or advertisement in a newspaper or magazine, especially one that covers two opposite pages

  • (尤指横贯两版的)文章,广告:

The story continued with a double-page spread on the inside pages.

⑥[C] (informal) a large meal, especially one that is prepared for a special occasion

  • 丰盛的餐食:

They had laid on a huge spread for the party.

⑦[C, usually sing.] ~ (of sth) (NAmE) an area of land or water

  • 区域;一大片:

a vast spread of water

⑧[U] the difference between two rates or prices

  • (两种价格或比率的)差额,差幅

 

692.soft

①not having sharp angles or hard edges

  • 无棱角的;轮廓不鲜明的;线条柔和的:

The moon’s pale light cast soft shadows.

②(informal, disapproving) stupid or crazy

  • 愚蠢的;没头脑的;脑子发昏的:

He must be going soft in the head.

③(informal, disapproving) not brave enough; wanting to be safe and comfortable

  • 畏首畏尾的;不够泼辣的;但求安稳的:

Stay in a hotel? Don’t be so soft. I want to camp out under the stars.

④(disapproving) not involving much work; too easy and comfortable

  • 轻松的;安逸的:

They had got too used to the soft life at home.

 

693.religion

①[sing.] a particular interest or influence that is very important in your life

  • 特别的兴趣;重大的影响:

For him, football is an absolute religion.

 

694.speed

①[C] a measurement of how sensitive film for cameras, etc. is to light

  • 感光度

②[C] (especially in compounds 尤用于构成复合词) a gear on a bicycle, in a car, etc.

  • 排挡;速:

a four-speed gearbox

③[U] (informal) an illegal amphetamine drug that is taken to give feelings of excitement and energy

  • 苯丙胺,安非他明(一种兴奋剂)

Verb:
④[V] (usually used in the progressive tenses 通常用于进行时) to drive faster than the speed that is legally allowed

  • 超速驾驶;超速行驶:

The police caught him speeding.

 

695.cross

①[VN] to oppose sb or speak against them or their plans or wishes

  • 反对,反驳,否定(某人或计划、意愿):

She’s really nice until you cross her.

②[V] (in football ( soccer ), etc. 足球等) to kick or pass a ball sideways across the field

  • 横传

 

696.wave

①[C] if a person’s hair has a wave or waves, it is not straight but curls slightly

  • 拳曲;波纹

②the waves [pl.] (literary) the sea

  • 大海

 

697.broad

①if sb has a broad accent, you can hear very easily which area they come from

  • 口音重的;乡音浓的【SYN】 strong

②if sb gives a broad hint, they make it very clear what they are thinking or what they want

  • 明确的;明显的

③(NAmE) dealing with sex in an amusing way

  • 粗俗滑稽的;

The movie mixes broad humor with romance.

Noun:

④(old-fashioned, NAmE, slang) an offensive way of referring to a woman

  • (对女人的粗俗称呼)婆娘

 

698.suit

①any of the four sets that form a pack / deck of cards

  • (扑克牌中)所有同花色的牌:

②[usually pl.] (informal) a person with an important job as a manager in a company or organization, especially one thought of as being mainly concerned with financial matters or as having a lot of influence

  • (具影响力的)高级行政人员(尤指财务方面的)

 

699.perspective

①[U] the art of creating an effect of depth and distance in a picture by representing people and things that are far away as being smaller than those that are nearer the front

  • 透视法:

We learnt how to draw buildings in perspective.

②[C] a view, especially one in which you can see far into the distance

  • 景观;远景:

a perspective of the whole valley

 

700.cook

①[V] be cooking (informal) to be planned secretly

  • 密谋;秘密策划:

Everyone is being very secretive—there’s something cooking.

 

701.connection

①connections [pl.] people who are your relatives, but not members of your close family

  • 亲戚;旁系亲属:

She is British but also has German connections.

②[C, usually pl.] a means of travelling to another place

  • 旅行交通工具:

There are good bus and train connections between the resort and major cities

③[C, usually pl.] a person or an organization that you know and that can help or advise you in your social or professional life

  • 有社交或业务关系的人(或机构)【SYN】 contact :

One of my business connections gave them my name.

 

702.burn

①[V] to produce light

  • 发光;发亮:

Lights were burning upstairs, but no one answered the door.

②[V +adv. / prep.] (informal) to move very fast in a particular direction

  • 向…迅速移动:

The car was burning down the road.

③[VN] (NAmE, informal) to make sb very angry

  • 激怒;使大怒:

So you did it just to burn me?

④[VN] to put information onto a CD, etc.

  • 刻录(光盘等)

Noun:
⑤the burn [sing.] the feeling that you get in your muscles when you have done a lot of exercise

  • 酸痛感

⑥[C] (ScotE) a small river

  • 小河;溪流【SYN】 stream

 

703.quiet

①(of a feeling or an attitude 感情或态度) definite but not expressed in an obvious way

  • 克制的;稳重的;不张扬的:

He had an air of quiet authority.

 

704.dress

①[VN] to clean, treat and cover a wound

  • 清洗,包扎,敷裹(伤口):

The nurse will dress that cut for you.

②[VN] to prepare food for cooking or eating

  • (烹调前)准备,处理;(食用前)给…加调味酱:

to dress a salad (= put oil or vinegar , etc. on it)

③[VN] (formal) to decorate or arrange sth

  • 装饰;布置:

to dress a shop window (= arrange a display of clothes or goods in it)

④[VN] to prepare a material such as stone, wood, leather, etc. for use

  • 加工;处理;修整

 

705.combine

①(BrE also 7combine ‘harvester) a large farm machine which cuts a crop and separates the grains from the rest of the plant

  • 联合收割机

②a group of people or organizations acting together in business

  • 集团;联合企业

 

706.down

①(in a crossword 纵横填字游戏) reading from top to bottom, not from side to side

  • 由上至下:

I can’t do 3 down.

②to or in the south of a country

  • 向南方;在南方:

They flew down to Texas.

③having lost the amount of money mentioned

  • 失去(钱数):

At the end of the day we were £20 down.

④if you pay an amount of money down, you pay that to start with, and the rest later

  • (钱)先付,预付

⑤(informal) used to say how far you have got in a list of things you have to do

  • 已完成数量(或进度):

Well, I’ve seen six apartments so far. That’s six down and four to go!

Noun:
⑥[U] the very fine soft feathers of a bird

  • (鸟的)绒羽,绒毛:

duck down

⑦[U] fine soft hair

  • 绒毛;软毛;汗毛

⑧[C] (in American football 美式足球) one of a series of four chances to carry the ball forward ten yards that a team is allowed. These series continue until the team loses the ball or fails to go forward ten yards in four downs.

  • 进攻分段,10 码进攻(球队可向前推进 10 码持球进攻的四次机会。球队在连续四次进攻中失球或未能推进 10 码即不能继续)

 

707.over

①[noun](in cricket 板球) a series of one balls bowled by the same person

  • 一轮投球(同一个投球手连续投出的六个球)

 

708.bus

①[noun](computing 计) a set of wires that carries information from one part of a computer system to another

  • (计算机系统的)总线

②[verb](NAmE) to take the dirty plates, etc. off the tables in a restaurant, as a job

  • (在餐厅里)收盘子,打杂

 

709.moral

①[C] a practical lesson that a story, an event or an experience teaches you

  • 寓意;教益:

And the moral is that crime doesn’t pay.

 

710.healthy

①successful and working well

  • 兴旺的;发达的;顺利的:

a healthy economy

②[usually before noun] large and showing success

  • 大而显得成功的;可观的:

a healthy bank balance

③normal and sensible

  • 正常合理的:

The child showed a healthy curiosity.

 

711.fire

①[U] very strong emotion, especially anger or enthusiasm

  • 激情;愤怒;热情:

Her eyes were full of fire.

②[VN] to heat a clay object to make it hard and strong

  • 烧制(陶器、砖等):

to fire pottery

 

712.finding

①(law 律) a decision made by the judge or jury in a court case

  • 判决;裁决

 

713.daily

①(also daily help) (old-fashioned, BrE) a person employed to come to sb’s house each day to clean it and do other jobs

  • (不寄宿的)仆人

 

714.fair

①pale in colour

  • 浅色的;白皙的:

She has long fair hair.

②(literary) (of winds 风) not too strong and blowing in the right direction

  • 顺风的:

They set sail with the first fair wind.

Noun:

③(BrE) (in the past) a market at which animals were sold

  • (旧时)牲畜市场:

a horse fair

 

715.exercise

①[VN] [usually passive] ~ sb / sth (about sth) (formal) if sb is exercised about sth, they are very anxious about it

  • 使焦虑;使不安;使烦恼

 

716.flower

①(literary) to develop and become successful

  • 成熟;繁荣;兴旺【SYN】 blossom

 

717.tape

①[C] a long narrow strip of material that is stretched across the place where a race will finish

  • (赛跑场地的)终点线:

the finishing tape

②[C] = tape measure: a long narrow strip of plastic, cloth or flexible metal that has measurements marked on it and is used for measuring the length of sth

  • 卷尺;皮尺

 

718.tie

①(BrE) a sports match, especially a football ( soccer ) match, that is part of a larger competition

  • (尤指足球)淘汰赛:

the first leg of the Cup tie between Leeds and Roma

②a curved line written over two notes of the same pitch (= how high or low a note is) to show that they are to be played or sung as one note

  • 延音线;延音连接线

③(BrE sleeper) one of the heavy pieces of wood or concrete on which the rails on a railway / railroad track are laid

  • (铁路)枕木,轨枕

 

719.clean

①not offensive or referring to sex; not doing anything that is considered immoral or bad

  • 文明的;无色情的;正派的:

The entertainment was good clean fun for the whole family.

②played or done in a fair way and within the rules

  • 公平的;守规则的;不违例的:

It was a tough but clean game.

③done in a skilful and accurate way

  • 动作熟练而准确的;干净利落的:

The plane made a clean take-off.

④tasting, smelling or looking pleasant and fresh

  • 清醇的;清新的:

The wine has a clean taste and a lovely golden colour.

Adv

⑤used to emphasize that an action takes place completely

  • (行动)彻底地,完全地:

The thief got clean away.

Verb:

⑥[VN] to remove the inside parts of a fish, chicken, etc. before you cook it

  • (烹调前给鱼、鸡等)清除内脏

 

720.studio

①(BrE also studio flat) (NAmE also ‘studio apartment) a small flat / apartment with one main room for living and sleeping in and usually a kitchen and bathroom

  • 单间公寓(一个房间兼做起居室和卧室,通常带厨房和衞生间)

 

721.train

①[usually sing.] a series of events or actions that are connected

  • 一系列相关的事情(或行动):

His death set in motion a train of events that led to the outbreak of war.

②the part of a long formal dress that spreads out on the floor behind the person wearing it

  • 拖裾,裙裾(长礼服的曳地部份)

Verb:

③[VN] ~ sth (around / along / up, etc.) to make a plant grow in a particular direction

  • 使(植物)朝某方向生长;修整:

Roses had been trained around the door.

 

722.lean

①(of organizations, etc. 机构等) strong and efficient because the number of employees has been reduced

  • 精干的;效率高的:

The changes made the company leaner and more competitive.

②[usually before noun] (of a period of time 一段时间) difficult and not producing much money, food, etc.

  • 难以赚钱的;生产不出(食物等)的;贫乏的:

a lean period / spell

③(of meat 肉) containing little or no fat

  • 脂肪少的;无脂肪的

Noun:

④the part of meat that has little or no fat

  • 瘦肉

 

723.plastic

①[U] (informal) a way of talking about credit cards

  • 信用卡:

Do they take plastic?

②[adj](disapproving) that seems artificial; false; not real or sincere

  • 做作的;虚伪的;矫饰的【SYN】 false :

TV game show hosts with their banal remarks and plastic smiles

 

724.football

①[C] (always used with an adjective 常与形容词连用) an issue or a problem that frequently causes argument and disagreement

  • 屡起争议的课题;被踢来踢去的难题:

Health care should not become a political football.

 

725.chicken

①[adj](informal) not brave; afraid to do sth

  • 胆怯;懦弱;怯懦 【SYN】 cowardly

 

726.theatre

①[C, usually sing.] ~ (of war, etc.) (formal) the place in which a war or fighting takes place

  • 战场;战区

②[C, U] (BrE) = operating theatre :a room in a hospital used for medical operations

  • 手术室

a theatre sister (= a nurse who helps during operations)

 

727.map

①to discover or give information about sth, especially the way it is arranged or organized

  • 了解信息,提供信息(尤指其编排或组织方式):

It is now possible to map the different functions of the brain.

 

728.fuel

①[VN] to increase sth; to make sth stronger

  • 增加;加强;刺激【SYN】 stoke :

Higher salaries helped to fuel inflation.

 

729.leaf

①[C] a sheet of paper, especially a page in a book

  • (纸)页,张;(尤指书的)页

②[U] metal, especially gold or silver, in the form of very thin sheets

  • 薄金属片;(尤指金或银)箔:

③[C] a part of a table that can be lifted up or pulled into position in order to make the table bigger

  • 活动桌板;摺叠桌板

 

730.dry

①eaten on its own without any butter, jam, etc.

  • 无黄油(或果酱)的:

Breakfast consisted of dry bread and a cup of tea.

②not sweet

  • 无甜味的;干的:

a crisp dry white wine

③(approving) very clever and expressed in a quiet way that is not obvious; often using irony

  • 机敏的;不形于色的;不露声色的:

He was a man of few words with a delightful dry sense of humour.

④not interesting

  • 干巴巴的;枯燥乏味的:

Government reports tend to make dry reading.

⑤without alcohol; where it is illegal to buy, sell or drink alcohol

  • 无酒的;禁酒的;戒酒的:

We had a dry wedding (= no alcoholic drinks were served).

 

731.lead

①to play first; to play sth as your first card

  • 开牌;率先出牌:

It’s your turn to lead.

Noun:

②[sing.] an example or action for people to copy

  • 实例;范例;榜样:

③[C] a piece of information that may help to find out the truth or facts about a situation, especially a crime

  • (尤指有关犯罪的)线索【SYN】 clue :

The police will follow up all possible leads.

④[C] the main part in a play, film / movie, etc.; the person who plays this part

  • (戏剧、电影等中的)主角;扮演主角的演员:

Who is playing the lead ?

⑤(BrE) (also leash NAmE, BrE) [C] a long piece of leather, chain or rope used for holding and controlling a dog

  • (牵狗用的)皮带,链条,绳索:

Dogs must be kept on a lead in the park.

⑥[C] (BrE) a long piece of wire, usually covered in plastic, that is used to connect a piece of electrical equipment to a source of electricity

  • 电线;导线

 

732.expand

①[V] to talk more; to add details to what you are saying

  • 细谈;详述;详细阐明:

I repeated the question and waited for her to expand.

 

733.fat

①[only before noun] (informal) large in quantity; worth a lot of money

  • 大量的;值钱的:

a fat sum / profit

 

734.ticket

①an official notice that orders you to pay a fine because you have done sth illegal while driving or parking your car

  • (交通违章)通知单,罚款单【SYN】 fine :

a parking / speeding ticket

②[usually sing.] (especially NAmE) a list of candidates that are supported by a particular political party in an election

  • (政党在选举中所支持的)候选人名单:

She ran for office on the Democratic ticket.

735.lip

①[U] (informal) words spoken to sb that are rude and show a lack of respect for that person

  • 粗鲁无礼的话【SYN】 cheek :

Don’t let him give you any lip !

 

726.favourite

①[C]The favourite in a race or contest is the competitor that is expected to win. In a team game, the team that is expected to win is referred to as the favourites

  • 夺标热门;夺冠热门

The Belgian Cup has been won by the favourites F.C. Liege.

 

727.complex

①(especially in compounds 尤用于构成复合词) a mental state that is not normal

  • 不正常的精神状态;情结:

to suffer from a guilt complex

②if sb has a complex about sth, they are worried about it in way that is not normal

  • (对某事)不正常的忧虑

 

728.repeat

①[V] ~ (on sb) (BrE, informal) if food repeats, you can taste it for some time after you have eaten it

  • 留有余味:

Do you find that onions repeat on you?

 

729.weather

①[VN] to come safely through a difficult period or experience

  • 经受住,平安地渡过(困难):

The company just managed to weather the recession.

 

730.pocket

①a small group or area that is different from its surroundings

  • (与周围不同的)小组织,小区域:

There are still a few isolated pockets of resistance to the new regime.

②[usually sing.] used to talk about the amount of money that you have to spend

  • 钱财;财力;资金:

We have holidays to suit every pocket.

③any of the holes or nets around the edges of the table used in the games of billiards , pool or snooker , which you have to hit the ball into

  • 球袋;网袋

Verb:
④to take or keep sth, especially an amount of money, that does not belong to you

  • 攫取;揩油;中饱私囊:

He regularly charges passengers more than the normal fare and pockets the difference.

 

741.thin

①not sincere or enthusiastic

  • 不真心实意的;冷淡的:

He gave a thin smile.

②not very bright

  • 微弱的;暗淡的:

the thin grey light of dawn

③of poor quality; lacking an important quality

  • 质量差的;空乏的;拙劣的:

a thin excuse (= one that people are not likely to believe)

 

742.half

①~ the time, fun, trouble, etc. the largest part of sth

  • 绝大部份(时间、乐趣、麻烦等):

Half the fun of gardening is never knowing exactly what’s going to come up.

 

743.breath

①~ of sth [sing.] (formal) a small amount of sth; slight evidence of sth

  • 微量;迹象:

a breath of suspicion / scandal

②a ~ of air, wind [sing.] (literary) a slight movement of air

  • (空气的)微微流动,拂动

 

744.sight

①a sight [sing.] (informal, especially BrE) a person or thing that looks ridiculous, untidy, unpleasant, etc.

  • 滑稽可笑(或邋遢、脏乱、讨厌)的人(或物):

She looks a sight in that hat!

②[C, usually pl.] a device that you look through to aim a gun, etc. or to look at sth through a telescope , etc.

  • 瞄准具;观测器:

He had the deer in his sights now.

 

745.straight

①(informal) you can use straight to describe a person who is normal and ordinary, but who you consider dull and boring

  • 规矩老实的;本分无趣的;正统的

②(NAmE) (BrE neat) not mixed with water or anything else

  • 纯的;不掺水(或其他东西)的

③[only before noun] one after another in a series, without interruption

  • 连续的;不间断的【SYN】 consecutive :

The team has had nine straight wins.

④[only before noun] (of an actor or a play 演员或戏剧) not connected with comedy or musical theatre, but with serious theatre

  • 严肃的,正统的(与喜剧、音乐剧无关)

 

746.trail

①~ (by / in sth) (used especially in the progressive tenses 尤用于进行时) to be losing a game or other contest

  • (在比赛或其他竞赛中)落后,失利,失败:

United were trailing 2–0 at half-time.

②[V] (especially of plants 尤指植物) to grow or hang downwards over sth or along the ground

  • 蔓生;蔓延:

trailing plants

 

747.breast

①to reach the top of a hill, etc.

  • 登上…的顶部:

As they breasted the ridge, they saw the valley and lake before them.

 

748.storm

①to suddenly attack a place

  • 突袭;攻占:

Police stormed the building and captured the gunman.

②[V +adv. / prep.] to go somewhere quickly and in an angry, noisy way

  • 气呼呼地疾走;闯;冲:

She stormed into my office waving a newspaper.

 

749.desk

①an office at a newspaper, television company, etc. that deals with a particular subject

  • (报社、电视台等的)办公处,部,室,组:

the sports desk

 

750.fruit

①[C, usually pl.] (literary) all the natural things that the earth produces

  • (大地的)产物;农产品

②[C] (offensive) an offensive word for a homosexual man

  • 男同性恋者
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