2006 – 2016 CATTI 英语二级笔译实务科目试题

2006 – 2016 二级笔译实务试题

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在线阅读为 2014-2016 试题

2016.11 CATTI 英语二级笔译实务科目试题

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Passage 1

Everyone knows that weddings—the most elaborate and costly form of old school pageantry still acceptable in modern society—are stupid expensive. But it turns out Americans are now blowing even more money than ever before on what’s supposed to be the most magical day of any couple’s life together. Money that, to be honest, could be spent on much, much cooler stuff.

The Knot released its annual wedding survey this week, with findings showing that couples are spending a mind-numbing average of $32,641 on matrimonial celebrations. The study includes data from nearly 18,000 pairs across the country. While the cost of a wedding varied greatly from city to city—reaching a nauseating high of $82,300 in Manhattan—the price was steep no matter where couples chose to get hitched. All this despite the fact that weddings (and marriages in general, honestly) can be a fairly impractical thing to invest in. Seriously, even 50 Cent doesn’t spend as much in a day as you’re spending on a reception band alone. Think about that.

So rather than buying into the Marriage Industrial Complex on a union that may or may not work out, wouldn’t it make more sense to save your hard-earned money by forgoing the big ceremony for the major expenses you’re likely to face in married life? You know, like a mortgage. Or braces for your wallet-draining children-to-be. And if your fianceé is dead set on a fairytale wedding? You could always just blow your financial load on a plenty fulfilling single life.

With nearly $33,000 to spend in the life of a singledom, you could get pretty far when it comes to amenities and entertainment. Perhaps the best part of being free from the shackles of wedding planning is the opportunity to treat yourself. Like, why drop $1,400 on a frilly dress you’ll wear once before it turns to moth food when you can rock the most expensive shoes of the season and look great doing it?

And while weddings are supposed to be all about the happy couple, everyone knows that’s bull, because you have to feed your guests and provide them entertainment and put a roof over their heads for a couple of hours and likely go into debt doing it.

In addition to simply having fun, there are some more practical ways to spend your wedding purse as well. For instance, purchasing and providing for a nice house cat rather than dropping major dough on finger bling intended for fending off hotties for the rest of your life. Fluffy won’t care if you bring home someone new every weekend—he’ll just hate everyone indiscriminately.

Passage 2

My teenage son recently informed me that there is an Internet quiz to test oneself for narcissism. His friend had just taken it. “How did it turn out?” I asked. “He says he did great!” my son responded. “He got the maximum score!”

When I was a child, no one outside the mental health profession talked about narcissism. People were more concerned by inadequate self-esteem, which at the time was thought to lurk behind nearly every issue. Like so many excesses of the 1970s, the self-love cult spun out of control and is now rampaging through our culture like Godzilla through Tokyo.

A 2010 study in the journal Social Psychological and Personality Science found that the proportion of college students exhibiting narcissistic personality traits – based on their scores on the Narcissistic Personality Inventory, a widely used diagnostic test – has increased by more than half since the early 1980s, to 30 per cent.

In their book, The Narcissism Epidemic, psychology professors show that narcissism has increased as quickly as obesity has since the 1980s. Even our egos are getting fat. This is a costly problem. While full-blown narcissists often report high levels of personal satisfaction, they create havoc and misery around them. There is overwhelming evidence linking narcissism with reduced honesty and increased aggression. It’s notable for occasions like Valentine’s Day that narcissists struggle to stay committed to romantic partners, in no small part because they find themselves superior.

The full-blown narcissist might reply, “So what?” But narcissism isn’t an either-or characteristic. It’s more of a set of progressive symptoms (like alcoholism) than an identifiable state (like diabetes). Millions of Americans exhibit symptoms, but still have a conscience and a hunger for moral improvement. At the very least, they really do not want to be terrible people.

A healthy self-love that leads to true happiness builds up one’s intrinsic well-being, as opposed to feeding shallow cravings to be admired. Cultivating amour de soi requires being fully alive at this moment, as opposed to being virtually alive while wondering what others think. The soulful connection with another person, the enjoyment of a beautiful hike alone, or a prayer of thanks over your sleeping child could be considered expressions of self-love.

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Passage 1

浙江杭州是风景秀美之地,也是创新活力之城。G20杭州峰会的会标,就是用20根线条,勾勒出一个桥型轮廓,同时辅以“2016年G20”的英文和篆隶“中国”印章。

桥,在G20独具含义。曾几何时,全球经济治理为发达国家所垄断。G20是第一个发达国家和发展中国家平等参与全球经济治理的机制,是历史的进步。在这个意义上,G20本身就是一座桥,一座连接历史与未来、发达国家与发展中国家的桥梁。

在2016年的杭州,在世界经济发展的当下,桥又有了新的含义。它寓意着对G20成为全球经济之桥、国际社会合作之桥、面向未来的共赢之桥的殷切期望。桥梁线条形似光纤,寓意信息技术应用带来的互联互通,具有强烈的时代感。我们希望,以杭州峰会为桥梁,各国间的联系将更加紧密,世界经济的前景将更加广阔。

Passage 2

纵观世界文明史,人类先后经历了农业革命、工业革命、信息革命。每一次产业技术革命,都给人类生产生活带来巨大而深刻的影响。

现在,以互联网为代表的信息技术日新月异,引领了社会生产新变革,创造了人类生活新空间,拓展了国家治理新领域,极大提高了人类认识世界、改造世界的能力。互联网让世界变成了“鸡犬之声相闻”的地球村,相隔万里的人们不再“老死不相往来”。可以说,世界因互联网而更多彩,生活因互联网而更丰富。

中国正处在信息化快速发展的历史进程之中。中国高度重视互联网发展,自21年前接入国际互联网以来,我们按照积极利用、科学发展、依法管理、确保安全的思路,加强信息基础设施建设,发展网络经济,推进信息惠民。

十三五时期,中国将大力实施网络强国战略、国家大数据战略、“互联网+”行动计划,发展积极向上的网络文化,拓展网络经济空间,促进互联网和经济社会融合发展。我们的目标,就是要让互联网发展成果惠及13亿多中国人民,更好地造福各国人民。
2016.5 CATTI 英语二级笔译实务科目试题

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Passage 1

Jane Goodall was already on a London dock in March 1957 when she realized that her passport was missing. In just a few hours, she was due to depart on her first trip to Africa. A school friend had moved to a farm outside Nairobi and, knowing Goodall’s childhood dream was to live among the African wildlife, invited her to stay with the family for a while. Goodall, then 22, saved for two years to pay for her passage to Kenya: waitressing, doing secretarial work, temping at the post office in her hometown, Bournemouth, on England’s southern coast. Now all this was for naught, it seemed.

It’s hard not to wonder how subsequent events in her life — rather consequential as they have turned out to be to conservation, to science, to our sense of ourselves as a species — might have unfolded differently had someone not found her passport, along with an itinerary from Cook’s, the travel agency, folded inside, and delivered it to the Cook’s office. An agency representative, documents in hand, found her on the dock. “Incredible,” Goodall told me last month, recalling that day. “Amazing.”

Within two months of her arrival, Goodall met the paleontologist Louis Leakey — Nairobi was a small town for its white population in those days — and he immediately offered her a job at the natural-history museum where he was curator. He spent much of the next three years testing her capacity for repetitive work.

He believed in a hypothesis first put forth by Charles Darwin that humans and chimpanzees share an evolutionary ancestor. Close study of chimpanzees in the wild, he thought, might tell us something about that common progenitor. He was, in other words, looking for someone to live among Africa’s wild animals. One night, he told Goodall that he knew just the place where she could do it: Gombe Stream Chimpanzee Reserve, in the British colony of Tanganyika (now Tanzania).

In July 1960, Goodall boarded a boat and after a few hours motoring over the warm, deep waters of Lake Tanganyika, she stepped onto the pebbly beach at Gombe.

Her finding, published in Nature in 1964, that chimpanzees use tools — extracting insects from a termite mound with leaves of grass — drastically and forever altered humanity’s understanding of itself; man was no longer the natural world’s only user of tools.

After two and a half decades of living out her childhood dream, Goodall made an abrupt career shift, from scientist to conservationist.

Passage 2

Scientists have found the first evidence that briny water flowed on the surface of Mars as recently as last summer, a paper published on Monday showed, raising the possibility that the planet could support life.

Although the source and the chemistry of the water is unknown, the discovery will change scientists’ thinking about whether the planet that is most like Earth in the solar system could support present day microbial life.

The discovery was made when scientists developed a new technique to analyze chemical maps of the surface of Mars obtained by NASA’s Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter spacecraft.

They found telltale fingerprints of salts that form only in the presence of water in narrow channels cut into cliff walls throughout the planet’s equatorial region.

The slopes appear during the warm summer months on Mars, then vanish when the temperatures drop. Scientists suspected the streaks were cut by flowing water, but previously had been unable to make the measurements.

Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter makes its measurements during the hottest part of the Martian day, so scientists believed any traces of water, or fingerprints from hydrated minerals, would have evaporated.

Also, the chemical-sensing instrument on the orbiting spacecraft cannot home in on details as small as the narrow streaks, which typically are less than 16 feet wide.

But Ojha and colleagues created a computer program that could scrutinize individual pixels. That data was then correlated with high-resolution images of the streaks. Scientists concentrated on the widest streaks and came up with a 100 percent match between their locations and detections of hydrated salts.

C-E
Passage 1

人口问题归根结底是发展问题。我们要关注人口增长与经济社会发展的关系,统筹解决好人口数量、素质、结构和分布问题。我们要重点关注人口分布结构与社会经济发展的关系,把人口问题纳入到国家经济社会发展规划

人口流动和家庭结构变化将对公共服务和社会治理带来挑战。大规模的人口流动成为推动社会变迁的主要力量,同时也加快了家庭的小型化、多样化、离散化。

我们要大力推进流动人口基本公共服务均等化,着力提升流动人口服务管理水平,确保流动人口公平公正地享受城镇公共资源和社会福利,全面参与政治、经济、社会和文化生活,实现经济立足、身份认同和文化交融。

Passage 2

本美术馆是以收藏、研究、展示中国近现代至当代艺术家作品为重点的国家艺术博物馆,是新中国成立以后的国家文化标志性建筑。主体大楼为仿古阁楼式,黄色琉璃瓦大屋顶,四周廊榭围绕,具有鲜明的民族建筑风格。主楼建筑面积18000多平方米 ,共有17个展览厅,展览总面积8300平方米。

本美术馆现收藏各类美术作品10万余件,以19世纪末至今中国艺术名家和各时期代表作品为主,兼有部分古代书画和外国艺术作品,同时也包括丰富的民间美术作品。

建馆以来,本美术馆已举办数千场具有影响的各类美术展览,也成为中国与国际艺术交流的重要平台。本美术馆也注重通过网站及“数字美术馆”项目建设延展公众服务内容和手段,网站3次改版,建成10多个美术数据库,日益成为美术信息发布、检索与共享平台。

2015.11 CATTI 英语二级笔译实务科目试题

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Passage 1

Apple may well be the only technical company on the planet that would dare compare itself to Picasso.

In a class at the company’s internal university, the instructor likened the 11 lithographs that make up Picasso’s The Dull to the way Apple builds its smart phones and other devices. The idea is that Apple designers strive for simplicity just as Picasso eliminated details to create a great work of art.

Steven P. Jobs established the Apple University as a way to inculcate employees into Apple’s business culture and educate them about its history, particularly as the company grew and the technical business changed. Courses are not required, only recommended, but getting new employees to enroll is rarely a problem.

Randy Nelson, who came from the animation studio Pixar, co-founded by Mr. Jobs, is one of the teachers of “Communicating at Apple.” This course,open to various levels of employees, focuses on clear communication, not just for making products intuitive, but also for sharing ideas with peers and marketing products.

In a version of the class taught last year, Mr. Nelson showed a slide of The Bull, a series of 11 lithographs of a bull that Picasso created over about a month, starting in late 1945. In the early stages, the bull has a snout, shoulder shanks and hooves, but over the iterations, those details vanish. The last image is a curvy stick figure that is still unmistakably a bull.
“You go through more iterations until you can simply deliver your message in a very concise way, and that is true to the Apple brand and everything we do,” recalled one person who took the course.

In “What Makes Apple, Apple,” another course that Mr. Nelson occasionally

teachers, he showed a slide of the remote control for the Google TV, said an employee who took the class last year. The remote control has 78 buttons. Then, the employee said. Mr. Nelson displayed a photo of the Apple TV remote control, a thin piece of metal with just three buttons.

How did Apple’s designers decide on three buttons? They started out with an idea, Mr. Nelson explained, and debated until they had just what was needed 一 a button to play and pause a video, a button to select something to watch, and another to go to the main menu.
The Google TV remote control serves as a counterexample. It had so many buttons, Mr. Nelson said, because the individual engineers and designers who worked on the project all got what they wanted.

Passage 2

Equipped with the camera extender known as a selfie stick, occasionally referred to as the wand of narcissism,” tourists can now reach for flattering selfies wherever they go.

Art museums have watched this development nervously, fearing damage to their collections or to visitors, as users swing their sticks with abandon. Now they arc taking action. One by one, museums across the United States have been imposing bans on using selfie sticks for photographs inside galleries (adding them to existing rules on umbrellas, backpacks and tripods), yet another example of how controlling crowding has become part of the museum mission.

The Hirshhom Museum and Sculpture Garden in Washington prohibited the sticks this month, and the Museum of Fine Arts in Houston plans to impose a ban. In New York, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, which has been studying the matter for some lime, has just decided that it will forbid selfie slicks, too. New signs will be posted soon.

“From now on, you will be asked quietly to put it away,” said Sree Sreenivasan, the chief digital officer at the Metropolitan Museum of Art. “It’s one
thing to take a picture at arm’s length, but when it is three times arm’s length, you arc invading someone else’s personal space.

The personal space of other visitors is just one problem. The artwork is another. “We do not want to have to put all the art under glass,” said Deborah Ziska, the chief of public information at the National Gallery of Art in Washington, which has been quietly enforcing a ban on selfie sticks, but is in the process of adding it formally to its printed guidelines for visitors.

Last but not least is the threat to the camera operator, intent on capturing the perfect shot and oblivious to the surroundings. “If people are not paying attention in the Temple of Dendur, they can end up in the water with the crocodile sculpture” Mr. Sreenivasan said. “We have so many balconies you could fall from, and stairs you can trip on.”

At the Metropolitan Museum of Art on Thursday, Jasmine Adaos, a selfie-stick user from Chile, expressed dismay. “It’s just another product”,she said. “When you have a regular camera, it’s the same thing. I don’t see the problem if you’re careful.” But Hai Lin, a student from Shandong, China, conceded that the museum might have a point. ‘‘You can hit people when they’re passing by,” she said.

C-E
Passage 1

2000年,中国建成北斗导航试验系统,这使中国成为继美、俄之后世界上第三个拥有自主卫星导航系统的国家,虽然目前它的定位精度与 GPS 还有一定的差距,但它具备了 GPS 所没有的短报通信和位置报告的功能。在没有手机信号的地方,用户也可以通过该系统发送短信。

2008年四川汶川大地震后,灾区电话无法接通,手机信号中断。救援人员将北斗导航终端带入灾区,及时保持了与外界的通讯联络。该系统的位置报告功能可以帮助交通管理部门掌握行驶车辆的位置,及时疏导交通,缓解交通拥堵状况。

虽然北斗卫星导航系统是中国独立发展、自主运行的卫星导航系统,但这并不影响它与世界上其他卫星导航系统之间的兼容性。用户在同时使用北斗和GPS这两种导航系统时,定位和导航效果会更好。

Passage 2

中国和欧洲是两大战略力量,肩负推动全球经济发展、促进人类文明进步、维护世界和平的崇高使命,双方正在形成不断放大的战略交集。中国是最大的新兴市场国家,欧盟是最大的发达经济体,“最大”与“最大”交融、一切都有可能,“新兴”与“发达”携手、优势就会倍增,中欧在新兴和发达经济体合作中可以成为典范。

中国和欧洲分处欧亚大陆的两端,这块大陆是世界上面积最大的大陆,也是人口最多的大陆,市场空间广阔,发展机遇巨大。中欧都主张国际关系民主化,在许多国际重大事务上有共同利益,双方关系具有越来越重要的全球影响。

中欧都有伟大的文明,中国推崇“和而不同”,欧盟倡导“多元一体”。13亿多中国人与7亿多欧洲人命运相连、前途相关,中欧在不同文明包容互鉴中可以成为引领。

2015.5 CATTI 英语二级笔译实务试题

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Passage 1

Along a rugged, wide North Sea beach here on a recent day, children formed teams of eight to 10, taking their places beside mounds of sand carefully cordoned by candy-cane striped tape. They had one hour for their sand castle competition. Some built fishlike structures, complete with scales. Others spent their time on elaborate ditch and dike labyrinths. Each castle was adorned on top with a white flag.

Then they watched the sea invade and devour their work, seeing whose castle could withstand the tide longest. The last standing flag won.

Theirs was no ordinary day at the beach, but a newly minted, state-sanctioned competition for schoolchildren to raise awareness of the dangers of rising sea levels in a country of precarious geography that has provided lessons for the world about water management, but that fears that its next generation will grow complacent.

Fifty-five percent of the Netherlands is either below sea level or heavily flood-prone. Yet thanks to its renowned expertise and large water management budget (about 1.25 percent of gross domestic product), the Netherlands has averted catastrophe since a flooding disaster in 1953.

Experts here say that they now worry that the famed Dutch water management system actually works too well and that citizens will begin to take for granted the nation’s success in staying dry. As global climate change threatens to raise sea levels by as much as four feet by the end of the century, the authorities here are working to make real to children the forecasts that may seem far-off, but that will shape their lives in adulthood and old age.

“Everything works so smoothly that people don’t realize anymore that they are taking a risk in developing urban areas in low-lying areas,” said Raimond Hafkenscheid, the lead organizer of the competition and a water expert with the Foreign Ministry.

Before the competition, the children, ages 6 to 11, were coached by experts in dike building and water management. Volunteers stood by, many of them freshly graduated civil engineers, giving last-minute advice on how best to battle the rising water.

A recently released report by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development on water management in the Netherlands pointed to an “awareness gap” among Dutch citizens. The finding did much to get the sand castle contest off the ground.‘
Passage 2

Early Maori adapted the tropically based east Polynesian culture in line with the challenges associated with a larger and more diverse environment, eventually developing their own distinctive culture.

Even though the majority of the population now lives in cities, much of New Zealand’s art, literature, film and humor has rural themes.

The British and Irish immigrants brought aspects of their own culture to New Zealand and also influenced Maori culture. More recently American, Australian, Asian and other European cultures have exerted influence on New Zealand.

New Zealand music has been influenced by blues, jazz, country, rock and roll and hip hop, with many of these genres given a unique New Zealand interpretation. Māori developed traditional chants and songs from their ancient South-East Asian origins, and after centuries of isolation created a unique “monotonous” and “doleful” sound.

Our vision recognises that our distinctive culture is core to what makes New Zealand a great place to live. Cultural expression, engagement and understanding are fundamental to a vibrant and healthy society and help define what it is to be a New Zealander.

Māori culture makes New Zealand unique in a globalised world and is central to our sense of place, identifying us as a nation. Active participation by Māori in distinct te ao Māori activity, will ensure Māori culture is protected and flourishes.

Manatū Taonga / the Ministry for Culture and Heritage (the Ministry) is the Government’s leading advisor on cultural matters; funds, monitors and supports a range of cultural agencies; and delivers a range of high quality cultural products and services.

The Ministry provides advice to the Government on where to focus its interventions in the cultural sector. The Ministry seeks to ensure that Vote funding is invested as effectively and efficiently as possible, and that the Government’s priorities are met.
The Ministry has a strong track record of delivering high quality publications (including websites), managing our significant heritage and commemorations, and acting as guardian of New Zealand’s culture and kaitiaki of New Zealand’s taonga. Our work prioritises cultural outcomes and supports educational, economic, and social outcomes linking with the work of a range of other government agencies.
C-E
Passage 1

改革开放30多年来,西藏通过深化改革和扩大开放积极推动全区商业、对外贸易和旅游产业加快发展,不仅增强了与内地的交流,同时也加强了与世界的联系和合作。1993年,西藏与全国一道开始建立“框架一致、体制衔接”的社会主义市场经济体制,深化物资、粮食、日用消费品等领域价格流通改革并全面进入市场。

目前,西藏已经深深融入全国统一的市场体系,来自全国和世界各地的商品源源不断地进入西藏,丰富着城乡市场和百姓生活。西藏的名、优、特产品及民族手工业产品,大量进入全国市场。

西藏与世界的经济联系日益密切。2012年,全区进出口总额为34.24亿美元,是1953年0.04亿美元的850多倍,年均增长12.1%。西藏立足区位优势,实施面向南亚的陆路贸易大通道建设,大力发展边境贸易。

Passage 2

频发的自然灾害让全球深受其害,炎热的酷暑、狂暴的飓风、刺骨的严寒以及滔天的洪水近乎成了“常客”,风调雨顺已被视为“奢侈品”。

气象学家对此众说纷纭。有的说是全球变暖所致,有的说是大气环流异常,还有的认为厄尔尼诺是罪魁祸首。

尽管如此,大多数学者都认同这样一个观点:全球气候变化速度正在加剧,极端灾害天气今后无疑将更加频繁,并且其强度和范围都将走强。面对日益脆弱的全球气候,人类需要更认真地思考,如何切实有效地规范自身活动,珍爱我们共同的家园。

未来极端危害天气将对相关的行业,如水利、农业、林业、能源、健康和旅游业等有更大影响。同时,上述因素为全球经济复苏带来更多变数。
2014.11 CATTI 英语二级笔译实务试题

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Passage 1

The region around this Belgian city is busily preparing to commemorate the 200th anniversary in 2015 of one of the major battles in European military history. But weaving a path through the preparations is proving almost as tricky as making one’s way across the battlefield was back then, when the Duke of Wellington, as commander of an international alliance of forces, crushed Napoleon.

A rambling though dilapidated farmstead called Hougoumont, which was crucial to the battle’s outcome, is being painstakingly restored as an educational center. Nearby, an underground visitor center is under construction, and roads and monuments throughout the rolling farmland where once the sides fought are being refurbished. More than 6,000 military buffs are expected to re-enact individual skirmishes.

While the battle ended two centuries ago, however, hard feelings have endured. Memories are long here, and not everyone here shares Britain’s enthusiasm for celebrating Napoleon’s defeat.

Every year, in districts of Wallonia, the French-speaking part of Belgium, there are fetes to honor Napoleon, according to Count Georges Jacobs de Hagen, a prominent Belgian industrialist and chairman of a committee responsible for restoring Hougoumont. “Napoleon, for these people, was very popular,” Mr. Jacobs, 73, said over coffee. “That is why, still today, there are some enemies of the project.”

Belgium, of course, did not exist in 1815. Its Dutch-speaking regions were part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, while the French-speaking portion had been incorporated into the French Empire. Among French speakers, Mr. Jacobs said, Napoleon had a “huge influence — the administration, the Code Napoléon,” or reform of the legal system. While Dutch-speaking Belgians fought under Wellington, French speakers fought with Napoleon.

That distaste on the part of modern-day French speakers crystallized in resistance to a British proposal that, as part of the restoration of Hougoumont, a memorial be raised to the British soldiers who died defending its narrow North Gate at a critical moment on June 18, 1815, when Wellington carried the day. “Every discussion in the committee was filled with high sensitivity,” Mr. Jacobs recalled. “I said, ‘This is a condition for the help of the British,’ so the North Gate won the battle, and we got the monument.”

If Belgium was reluctant to get involved, France was at first totally uninterested. “They told us, ‘We don’t want to take part in this British triumphalism,’ ” said Countess Nathalie, a writer and publicist who is president of a committee representing four townships that own the land where the battle raged.

Passage 2

Bayer cares about the bees.Or at least that’s what they tell you at the company’s Bee Care Center on its sprawling campus here between Düsseldorf and Cologne. Outside the cozy two-story building that houses the center is a whimsical yellow sculpture of a bee. Inside, the same image is fashioned into paper clips, or printed on napkins and mugs.

“Bayer is strictly committed to bee health,” said Gillian Mansfield, an official specializing in strategic messaging at the company’s Bayer CropScience division. She was sitting at the center’s semicircular coffee bar, which has a formidable espresso maker and, if you ask, homegrown Bayer honey. On the surrounding walls, bee fun facts are written in English, like “A bee can fly at roughly 16 miles an hour” or, it takes “nectar from some two million flowers in order to produce a pound of honey.” Next year, Bayer will open another Bee Care Center in Raleigh, N.C., and has not ruled out more in other parts of the world.

Bayer is one of the major producers of a type of pesticide that the European Union has linked to the large-scale die-offs of honey bee populations in North America and Western Europe. They are known as neonicotinoids, a relatively new nicotine-derived class of pesticide. The pesticide was banned this year for use on many flowering crops in Europe that attract honey bees.

Bayer and two competitors, Syngenta and BASF, have disagreed vociferously with the ban, and are fighting in the European courts to overturn it

Hans Muilerman, a chemicals expert at Pesticide Action Network Europe, an environmental group, accused Bayer of doing “almost anything that helps their products remaining on the market. Massive lobbying, hiring P.R. firms to frame and spin, inviting commissioners to show their plants and their sustainability.” “Since they learned people care about bees, they are happy to start the type of actions you mention, ‘bee care centers’ and such,” he said.

“The varroa is the biggest threat we have” said Manuel Tritschler, 28, a third-generation beekeeper who works for Bayer. “It’s very easy see to them, the mites, on the bees,” he said, holding a test tube with dead mites suspended in liquid. “They suck the bee blood, from the adults and from the larvae, and in this way they transport a lot of different pathogens, virus, bacteria, fungus to the bees,” he said.

Conveniently, Bayer markets products to kill the mites too — one is called CheckMite — and Mr. Tritschler’s work at the center included helping design a “gate” to affix to hives that coats bees with such chemical compounds.

There is no disputing that varroa mites are a problem, but Mr. Muilerman said they could not be seen as the only threat.
The varroa mite “cannot explain the massive die-off on its own,” he said. “We think the bee die-off is a result of exposure to multiple stressors.”

C-E

Passage 1

矿产资源是自然资源的重要组成部分,是人类社会发展的重要物质基础。新中国成立五十多年来,矿产资源勘查开发取得巨大成就,探明一大批矿产资源,建成比较完善的矿产品供应体系,为中国经济的持续快速协调健康发展提供了重要保障。目前,中国92%以上的一次能源、80%的工业原材料、70%以上的农业生产资料来自于矿产资源。

中国现已发现171种矿产资源,查明资源储量的有158种,矿产地近18000处,其中大中型矿产地7000余处。目前,中国92%以上的一次能源、80%的工业原材料、70%以上的农业生产资料来自于矿产资源。中国资源总量全球第三,可是人均全球第53,只有全球人均量的58%。

矿产资源是自然资源的重要组成部分,是人类生存和社会发展的重要物质基础。矿产资源远景评价和战略性矿产勘查,为全面建设小康社会提供资源基础保障。矿产资源为全面建设小康社会提供资源基础保障。

Passage 2
我们将深入实施区域发展总体战略,加快中西部地区开发开放。地区差别和不平衡发展是中国一大问题,中西部地区地域辽阔、资源丰富、潜力巨大,是中国重要的战略发展空间、回旋余地和新的经济增长点。

实施西部大开发战略10多年取得了显著成绩。我们将以更大的力度推进中西部特别是西部开发开放,搞好规划布局,完善政策措施,加快大通道建设,大力发展优势特色产业,推进绿色、循环、低碳发展,把资源优势转化为经济优势,支持东部地区部分产业有序向中西部地区转移,统筹东中西、协调南北方,积极稳妥推进城镇化,发挥城镇化对扩内需、促发展、惠民生的潜力作用。可以相信,随着新一轮西部开发开放向纵深推进,中国经济将会增添强大活力,也可以逐步解决不平衡不协调不可持续问题。

2014.5 CATTI 英语二级笔译实务试题

E-C
Passage 1

Marlene Castro knew the tall blonde woman only as Laurene, her mentor. They met every few weeks in a rough Silicon Valley neighborhood the year that Ms. Castro was applying to college, and they e-mailed often, bonding over conversations about Ms. Castro’s difficult childhood. Without Laurene’s help, Ms. Castro said, she might not have become the first person in her family to graduate from college.
It was only later, when she was a freshman at University of California, Berkeley, that Ms. Castro read a news article and realized that Laurene was Silicon Valley royalty, the wife of Apple’s co-founder, Steven P. Jobs.

“I just became 10 times more appreciative of her humility and how humble she was in working with us in East Palo Alto,” Ms. Castro said. The story, friends and colleagues say, is classic Laurene Powell Jobs.

Famous because of her last name and fortune, she has always been private and publicity-averse. Her philanthropic work, especially on education causes like College Track, the college prep organization she helped found and through which she was Ms. Castro’s mentor, has been her priority and focus.

Now, less than two years after Mr. Jobs’s death, Ms. Powell Jobs is becoming somewhat less private. She has tiptoed into the public sphere, pushing her agenda in education as well as global conservation, nutrition and immigration policy.

“She’s been mourning for a year and was grieving for five years before that,” said Larry Brilliant, who is an old friend of Mr. Jobs. “Her life was about her family and Steve, but she is now emerging as a potent force on the world stage, and this is only the beginning.”

But she is doing it her way.

“It’s not about getting any public recognition for her giving, it’s to help touch and transform individual lives,” said Laura Andreessen, a philanthropist and lecturer on philanthropy at Stanford who has been close friends with Ms. Powell Jobs for two decades.

While some people said Ms. Powell Jobs should have started a foundation in Mr. Jobs’s name after his death, she did not, nor has she increased her public giving.

Instead, she has redoubled her commitment to Emerson Collective, the organization she formed about a decade ago to make grants and investments in education initiatives and, more recently, other areas.

“In the broadest sense, we want to use our knowledge and our network and our relationships to try to effect the greatest amount of good,” Ms. Powell Jobs said in one of a series of interviews with The New York Times.

Passage 2

In the past few years, I’ve taught nonfiction writing to undergraduates and graduate students at Harvard, Yale, and Columbia’s Graduate School of Journalism. Each semester I hope, and fear, that I will have nothing to teach my students because they already know how to write. And each semester I discover, again, that they don’t.

The teaching of the humanities has fallen on hard times. So says a new report on the state of the humanities by the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and so says the experience of nearly everyone who teaches at a college or university.

Undergraduates will tell you that they’re under pressure — from their parents, from the burden of debt they incur, from society at large — to choose majors they believe will lead as directly as possible to good jobs. Too often, that means skipping the humanities.

In other words, there is a new and narrowing vocational emphasis in the way students and their parents think about what to study in college.
There is a certain literal-mindedness in the recent shift away from the humanities. It suggests a number of things.

One, the rush to make education pay off presupposes that only the most immediately applicable skills are worth acquiring. Two, the humanities often do a bad job of explaining why the humanities matter. And three, the humanities often do a bad job of teaching the humanities.

What many undergraduates do not know — and what so many of their professors have been unable to tell them — is how valuable the most fundamental gift of the humanities will turn out to be. That gift is clear thinking, clear writing and a lifelong engagement with literature.

Writing well used to be a fundamental principle of the humanities, as essential as the knowledge of mathematics and statistics in the sciences. But writing well isn’t merely a utilitarian skill. It is about developing a rational grace and energy in your conversation with the world around you.

C-E
Passage 1

上海合作组织成立 12 年来,成员国结成紧密的命运共同体和利益共同体。面对复杂的国际和地区形势,维护地区安全稳定和促进成员国共同发展,过去、现在乃至将来相当长时期内都是上海合作组织的首要任务和目标。

安全上,成员国要继续坚定支持彼此维护国家安全和社会稳定的努力,加大打击“三股势力”和毒品犯罪力度。值得注意的是,当前,地区恐怖主义和毒品犯罪相互勾结的现象愈演愈烈,反恐和禁毒成为需要双管齐下的系统工程。中方认为有必要赋予上海合作组织地区反恐怖机构禁毒职能,加强其综合打击“毒恐勾结”的能力。

经济上,成员国要大力推动务实合作。我们维护地区安全稳定的最终目的是实现共同发展繁荣。各方有必要加快实施交通、能源、通信、农业等优势领域合作项目,加紧研究建立上海合作组织开发银行,以解决项目融资难题和应对国际金融风险。

Passage 2

改革开放以来,中国金融业伴随现代化建设而快速成长,但实现持续发展依然任重道远。目前,中国金融业资产已超过150万亿元人民币,外汇储备达3.4万亿美元,盘活金融资产、激活金融市场潜力很大。

下一步,我们将坚定不移推进金融市场化改革,健全现代金融体系,加快发展多层次资本市场,稳步推进利率市场化、汇率市场化的改革。

同时,深化境外战略投资者与中资银行的合作,稳步推进股票、债券、保险市场对外开放,促进人民币跨境使用,逐步实现人民币资本项目可兑换,拓展金融业对外开放的广度和深度。以开放促改革发展、促转型创新,实现中国经济持续健康发展,也会给世界经济增长及金融业发展提供机遇。

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