2018.11 三级笔译综合科目难点词汇

affable /ˈæfəbəl/

Someone who is affable is pleasant and friendly. 和蔼的

Mr. Brooke is an extremely affable and approachable man.

布鲁克先生是一个极为和蔼可亲的人。

Conjecture  /kənˈdʒɛktʃə/ 

A conjecture is a conclusion that is based on information that is not certain or complete. 推测

That was a conjecture, not a fact.

那是个推测,不是事实。

disposition /ˌdɪspəˈzɪʃən/  

Someone’s disposition is the way that they tend to behave or feel. 性情

The rides are unsuitable for people of a nervous disposition.

这种骑乘不适合紧张型性格的人。

salubrious /səˈluːbrɪəs/

A place that is salubrious is pleasant and healthy. 宜人的

.the salubrious climate of the north.

北方宜人的气候。

elicit /ɪˈlɪsɪt/   

If you elicit a response or a reaction, you do or say something that makes other people respond or react. 引起 (反应)

Mr. Norris said he was hopeful that his request would elicit a positive response.

诺里斯先生说他希望他的要求会引起积极的回应。

If you elicit a piece of information, you get it by asking the right questions. 探得 (信息)

My letters to her have elicited no response.

我写给她的信没有得到回应。

fray /freɪ/ 

If something such as cloth or rope frays, or if something frays it, its threads or fibres start to come apart from each other and spoil its appearance. 磨损

The fabric is very fine or frays easily.

这种布料很细,或者说是容易磨损。

The stitching had begun to fray at the edges.

边缘处的针脚已经开始磨损了。

If your nerves or your temper fray, or if something frays them, you become nervous or easily annoyed because of mental strain and anxiety. 烦躁

Tempers began to fray as the two teams failed to score.

两队都没有得分,人们开始烦躁起来。

root t and branch 完全地 ; 连根拔除

innocuous /ɪˈnɒkjʊəs/ 

Something that is innocuous is not at all harmful or offensive. 无害的; 无意冒犯的

Both mushrooms look innocuous but are in fact deadly.

两个蘑菇看起来都无害,但实际上却能致命。

platitude /ˈplætɪˌtjuːd/ ( platitudes )

A platitude is a statement that is considered meaningless and boring because it has been made many times before in similar situations. 陈词滥调 [表不满]

Why couldn’t he say something vital and original instead of just spouting the same old platitudes?

他为什么不能说点重要的、有新意的东西,而不只是喋喋不休地讲些陈词滥调呢?

fabricate /ˈfæbrɪˌkeɪt/   

If someone fabricates information, they invent it in order to deceive people. 伪造

All four claim that officers fabricated evidence against them.

4人全部声称官员们伪造了不利于他们的证据。

fabrication N-VAR 伪造

She described the interview as a “complete fabrication.”

她把这次采访描述为“纯属虚构”。

incorporate /ɪnˈkɔːpəˌreɪt/ 

If one thing incorporates another thing, it includes the other thing. 包含 [正式]

The new cars will incorporate a number of major improvements.

这种新型汽车将包含许多重大的改进。

V-T If someone or something is incorporated into a large group, system, or area, they become a part of it. 使并入 [正式]

The agreement would allow the rebels to be incorporated into a new national police force.

该协议将允许叛军并入一支新的国家警察部队。

modulate /ˈmɒdjʊˌleɪt/  

V-T If you modulate your voice or a sound, you change or vary its loudness, pitch, or tone in order to create a particular effect.

调节(音量、音高、音调等); 改变 [书面]

He carefully modulated his voice.

他仔细地调节了自己的声音。

V-T To modulate an activity or process means to alter it so that it is more suitable for a particular situation. 调节; 调整(活动或过程) [正式]

These chemicals modulate the effect of potassium.

这些化合物可以调节钾的功效。

impending /ɪmˈpɛndɪŋ/  TEM8

An impending event is one that is going to happen very soon.

即将发生的 [正式] [ADJ n]

On the morning of the expedition, I awoke with a feeling of impending disaster.

远征出发的那天早上,我醒来就有一种大难临头的感觉。

imitative /ˈɪmɪtətɪv/

People and animals who are imitative copy others’ behaviour. 模仿的; 仿效的

Babies of eight to twelve months are generally highly imitative.

八至十二个月大的婴儿一般具有很高的模仿能力。

nostalgic /nɒˈstældʒɪk/   

Nostalgic things cause you to think affectionately about the past. 引起怀旧的

Although we still depict nostalgic snow scenes on Christmas cards, winters are now very much warmer.

虽然我们还在圣诞卡上描绘引人怀旧的雪景,但现在冬天温暖多了。

If you feel nostalgic, you think affectionately about experiences you had in the past. 怀旧的

Many people were nostalgic for the good old days.

很多人都怀念过去的好时光。

normative /ˈnɔːmətɪv/ 

Normative means creating or stating particular rules of behaviour. 规范的; 标准的 [正式] [usu ADJ n]

Normative sexual behaviour in our society remains heterosexual.

我们社会的性行为规范依然是异性间的。

…a normative model of teaching.

…一种教学的标准模式。

interminable /ɪnˈtɜːmɪnəbəl/  

ADJ If you describe something as interminable, you are emphasizing that it continues for a very long time and indicating that you wish it was shorter or would stop. 无休止的 [强调]

…an interminable meeting.

…一次没完没了的会议。

interminably ADV 无休止地

He talked to me interminably about his first wife.

他喋喋不休地给我讲他第一任妻子的事。

indignation /ˌɪndɪɡˈneɪʃən/ 

N-UNCOUNT Indignation is a feeling of shock and anger when you think that something is unjust or unfair. 愤怒不平

She was filled with indignation at the conditions under which miners were forced to work.

她为矿工们被迫工作的条件满心愤慨。

spontaneous /spɒnˈteɪnɪəs/   

Spontaneous acts are not planned or arranged, but are done because someone suddenly wants to do them. 自然的; 自发的 (行为)

Diana’s house was crowded with happy people whose spontaneous outbursts of song were accompanied by lively music.

戴安娜的房子挤满了幸福的人们,他们在欢快音乐的伴奏下不由自主地唱起歌来。

spontaneously ADV 自然地; 自发地

Many people spontaneously stood up and cheered.

许多人自发地站起来欢呼。

homogeneous /ˌhəʊməˈdʒiːnɪəs, ˈhɒm-/  

Homogeneous is used to describe a group or thing which has members or parts that are all the same. 同种类的 [正式]

The unemployed are not a homogeneous group.

失业者并不都是同一类人。

conscientious /ˌkɒnʃɪˈɛnʃəs/   

Someone who is conscientious is very careful to do their work properly. 认真的

We are generally very conscientious about our work.

我们一般对工作都是很认真的。

conscientiously ADV 认真地

He studied conscientiously and enthusiastically.

他认真积极地学习。

frivolous /ˈfrɪvələs/   

ADJ If you describe someone as frivolous, you mean they behave in a silly or light-hearted way, rather than being serious and sensible. 轻率的

I just decided I was a bit too frivolous to be a doctor.

我只是认定自己有点儿太轻率,不适合当医生。

ADJ If you describe an activity as frivolous, you disapprove of it because it is not useful and wastes time or money. 无用的 [表不满]

The group says it wants politicians to stop wasting public money on what it believes are frivolous projects.

该团体说他们希望政客们停止在该团体认为无用的项目上浪费公款。

aloof /əˈluːf/  TEM4

ADJ Someone who is aloof is not very friendly and does not like to spend time with other people. 冷淡的 [表不满]

He seemed aloof and detached.

他看起来冷淡且超然。

empathy /ˈɛmpəθɪ/  TEM8

Empathy is the ability to share another person’s feelings and emotions as if they were your own. 同感能力

Having begun my life in a children’s home, I have great empathy with the little ones.

在一家儿童福利院长大使我对这些小孩子们怀有深深的同感。

bungler /ˈbʌŋɡlə/ ( bunglers )

A bungler is a person who often fails to do things properly because they make mistakes or are clumsy. 笨拙的人

ruffian /ˈrʌfɪən/ TEM8 ( ruffians )

A ruffian is a man who behaves violently and is involved in crime. 恶棍; 歹徒 [老式]

…gangs of ruffians who lurk about intent on troublemaking.

…一群潜伏在四周、企图制造麻烦的匪帮。

stickler /ˈstɪklə/ ( sticklers )

If you are a stickler for something, you always demand or require it. 坚持···的人

Lucy was a stickler for perfection, and everything had to be exactly right.

露西曾是个追求完美的人,凡事都得完全正确。

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