Someone who is affable is pleasant and friendly. 和蔼的
Mr. Brooke is an extremely affable and approachable man.
A conjecture is a conclusion that is based on information that is not certain or complete. 推测
That was a conjecture, not a fact.
Someone’s disposition is the way that they tend to behave or feel. 性情
The rides are unsuitable for people of a nervous disposition.
A place that is salubrious is pleasant and healthy. 宜人的
.the salubrious climate of the north.
If you elicit a response or a reaction, you do or say something that makes other people respond or react. 引起 (反应)
Mr. Norris said he was hopeful that his request would elicit a positive response.
If you elicit a piece of information, you get it by asking the right questions. 探得 (信息)
My letters to her have elicited no response.
If something such as cloth or rope frays, or if something frays it, its threads or fibres start to come apart from each other and spoil its appearance. 磨损
The fabric is very fine or frays easily.
The stitching had begun to fray at the edges.
If your nerves or your temper fray, or if something frays them, you become nervous or easily annoyed because of mental strain and anxiety. 烦躁
Tempers began to fray as the two teams failed to score.
root t and branch 完全地 ; 连根拔除
Something that is innocuous is not at all harmful or offensive. 无害的; 无意冒犯的
Both mushrooms look innocuous but are in fact deadly.
platitude /ˈplætɪˌtjuːd/ ( platitudes )
A platitude is a statement that is considered meaningless and boring because it has been made many times before in similar situations. 陈词滥调 [表不满]
Why couldn’t he say something vital and original instead of just spouting the same old platitudes?
If someone fabricates information, they invent it in order to deceive people. 伪造
All four claim that officers fabricated evidence against them.
fabrication N-VAR 伪造
She described the interview as a “complete fabrication.”
If one thing incorporates another thing, it includes the other thing. 包含 [正式]
The new cars will incorporate a number of major improvements.
V-T If someone or something is incorporated into a large group, system, or area, they become a part of it. 使并入 [正式]
The agreement would allow the rebels to be incorporated into a new national police force.
V-T If you modulate your voice or a sound, you change or vary its loudness, pitch, or tone in order to create a particular effect.
调节(音量、音高、音调等); 改变 [书面]
He carefully modulated his voice.
V-T To modulate an activity or process means to alter it so that it is more suitable for a particular situation. 调节; 调整(活动或过程) [正式]
These chemicals modulate the effect of potassium.
impending /ɪmˈpɛndɪŋ/ TEM8
An impending event is one that is going to happen very soon.
即将发生的 [正式] [ADJ n]
On the morning of the expedition, I awoke with a feeling of impending disaster.
People and animals who are imitative copy others’ behaviour. 模仿的; 仿效的
Babies of eight to twelve months are generally highly imitative.
Nostalgic things cause you to think affectionately about the past. 引起怀旧的
Although we still depict nostalgic snow scenes on Christmas cards, winters are now very much warmer.
If you feel nostalgic, you think affectionately about experiences you had in the past. 怀旧的
Many people were nostalgic for the good old days.
Normative means creating or stating particular rules of behaviour. 规范的; 标准的 [正式] [usu ADJ n]
Normative sexual behaviour in our society remains heterosexual.
…a normative model of teaching.
ADJ If you describe something as interminable, you are emphasizing that it continues for a very long time and indicating that you wish it was shorter or would stop. 无休止的 [强调]
…an interminable meeting.
interminably ADV 无休止地
He talked to me interminably about his first wife.
N-UNCOUNT Indignation is a feeling of shock and anger when you think that something is unjust or unfair. 愤怒不平
She was filled with indignation at the conditions under which miners were forced to work.
Spontaneous acts are not planned or arranged, but are done because someone suddenly wants to do them. 自然的; 自发的 (行为)
Diana’s house was crowded with happy people whose spontaneous outbursts of song were accompanied by lively music.
spontaneously ADV 自然地; 自发地
Many people spontaneously stood up and cheered.
homogeneous /ˌhəʊməˈdʒiːnɪəs, ˈhɒm-/
Homogeneous is used to describe a group or thing which has members or parts that are all the same. 同种类的 [正式]
The unemployed are not a homogeneous group.
Someone who is conscientious is very careful to do their work properly. 认真的
We are generally very conscientious about our work.
conscientiously ADV 认真地
He studied conscientiously and enthusiastically.
ADJ If you describe someone as frivolous, you mean they behave in a silly or light-hearted way, rather than being serious and sensible. 轻率的
I just decided I was a bit too frivolous to be a doctor.
ADJ If you describe an activity as frivolous, you disapprove of it because it is not useful and wastes time or money. 无用的 [表不满]
The group says it wants politicians to stop wasting public money on what it believes are frivolous projects.
aloof /əˈluːf/ TEM4
ADJ Someone who is aloof is not very friendly and does not like to spend time with other people. 冷淡的 [表不满]
He seemed aloof and detached.
empathy /ˈɛmpəθɪ/ TEM8
Empathy is the ability to share another person’s feelings and emotions as if they were your own. 同感能力
Having begun my life in a children’s home, I have great empathy with the little ones.
bungler /ˈbʌŋɡlə/ ( bunglers )
A bungler is a person who often fails to do things properly because they make mistakes or are clumsy. 笨拙的人
ruffian /ˈrʌfɪən/ TEM8 ( ruffians )
A ruffian is a man who behaves violently and is involved in crime. 恶棍; 歹徒 [老式]
…gangs of ruffians who lurk about intent on troublemaking.
stickler /ˈstɪklə/ ( sticklers )
If you are a stickler for something, you always demand or require it. 坚持···的人
Lucy was a stickler for perfection, and everything had to be exactly right.